Pub. Date:
American Chemical Society
Pesticide Biotransformation in Plants and Microorganisms: Similarities and Divergences

Pesticide Biotransformation in Plants and Microorganisms: Similarities and Divergences


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This volume examines major enzymatic processes involved in pesticide transformation such as hydrolysis, oxidative and reductive metabolism, conjugation and dehalogenation in plants and microbes in the area of xenobiotic metabolism. The molecular biology, enzymology, and regulation of these processes are presented, as well as the use of in vitro cultures of microorganisms and plant tissues to elucidate metabolic pathways of pesticide transformation. Where possible the similarities and differences between enzymes associated with pesticide degradation pathways in microbes and plants are discusses. The text highlights the potential for biorational pesticide design and the limitations of developing synergistic pest control strategies for integrated weed management. The practical implications of plant and microbial biotechnology to manipulate these metabolic transformations to enhance crop production and pest management are also discussed.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780841237049
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Publication date: 12/28/2000
Series: ACS Symposium Series , #777
Pages: 448
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

University of Guelph

both at U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service

Table of Contents

1. Pesticide Metabolism in Plants and Microorganisms: An Overview, R.E. Hoagland, R.M. Zablotowicz, and J.C. Hall
In Vitro Methods for Studying Pesticide Metabolism in Plants and Microorganisms
2. In Vitro Methods in Metabolism and Environmental Fate Studies, Mark J. Schocken
3. Metabolic Profiling Using Plant Cell Suspension Cultures, Burkhard Schmidt
Hydrolytic and Conjugative Enzymes Involved in Pesticide Detoxification
4. The Role of Plant and Microbial Hydrolytic Enzymes in Pesticide Metabolism, Robert E. Hoagland and Robert M. Zablotowicz
5. Biochemical Conjugation of Pesticides in Plants and Microorganisms: An Overview of Similarities and Divergences, J. Christopher Hall, J. Sue Wickenden, and Kerrm Y.F. Yau
6. Bound Pesticidal Residues in Crop Plants: Chemistry, Bioavailability, and Toxicology, H. Sandermann, Jr., N. Hertkorn, R.G. May, and B.M. Lange
7. A Review of Strategies to Engineer Plant Tolerance to the Pyridine Herbicides, Payl C.C. Feng, and Thomas G. Ruff
8. Biodegradation of Pesticides Containing Carbon-to-Phosphorus Bond, Pawel Kafarski, Barbara Lejczak, and Giuseppe Forlani
Oxidative and Reductive Enzymes Involved in Pesticide Transformations
9. Plant and Fungal Cytochrome P-450s: Their Role in Pesticide Transformation, C.P. Mougin, M.-F. Corio-Costet, and D. Werck-Reichhart
10. Use of Enzymes in Bioremediation, Jerzy Dec and Jean-Marc Bollag
11. Transformation of Nitroaromatic Pesticides and Related Xenobiotics by Microorganisms and Plants, Robert M. Zablotowicz, Robert E. Hoagland, Hung Lee, T. Alber, Jack T. Trevors, J. Christopher Hall, and Martin A. Locke
Glutathione S-Transferases and Bacterial Dehalogenating Systems
12. Functions and Regulation of Plant Glutathione S-Transferases, K.K. Hatzios
13. Bacterial Glutathione S-Transferases and the Detoxification of Xenobiotics: Dehalogenation through Glutathione Conjugation and Beyond, Stéphane Vuilleumier
14. Enzymological Studies on Recombinant Isoforms of Glutathione S-Transferase from Corn, Alfred Sommer and Peter Böger
15. Genetics of Atrazine and s-Triazine Degradation by Pseudomonas sp. Strain ADP and Other Bacteria, Michael J. Sadowsky and Lawrence P. Wackett
16. Microbial Reductive Dehalogenation in the Rhizosphere, Andrei L. Barkovskii
Regulation of Plant and Microbial Pesticide Metabolism
17. Effects of Chemical Safeners on Herbicide Action and Metabolism in Plants, Ryan J.L. Ramsey, Frank L. Mena, and Gerald R. Stephenson
18. Metabolism of Xenobiotics in the Rhizosphere, D.E. Crowley, R. Luepromchai, and A. Singer
19. Designing Herbicide Tolerance Based on Metabolic Alteration: the Challenges and the Future, Dale L. Shaner and Berhane Tecle
Factors Affecting Pesticide Use
20. Non-Traditional Concepts of Synergy for Evaluating Integrated Pest Management, Micheal Owen and Jonathan Gressel
21. Chloropropionic Acid Photoreduction in Solutions of Na[2S and Quinones, Kenley K. Ngim and Donald G. Crosby
Author Index
Subject Index

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