About the Author
Jill M. Black, PhD, CHES, is an associate professor in the Department of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance at Cleveland State University and coordinator of the Community Health Education Program. She is a fellow of the American Association for Health Education.
Steven R. Furney, EdD, MPH, is a professor of Health Education and director of the Division of Health Education at Texas State University. He is a fellow of the American Association for Health Education.
Helen M. Graf, PhD, is an associate professor and undergraduate program director in the Department of Health and Kinesiology at Georgia Southern University.
Ann E. Nolte, PhD, Distinguished Professor, emerita, of Health Education in the Department of Health Sciences at Illinois State University, was a fellow of the American Association for Health Education and the American School Health Association.
American Association for Health Education is the premier national organization for health educators and other professionals who promote the health of all people, with 5,500 health educators in school, college, research, community, medical, and industry settings.
Table of Contents
Figures, Tables, and Exhibits xi
The Editors xxi
PART 1 PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVES IN HEALTH EDUCATION 1
1 THIS I BELIEVE: A PHILOSOPHY OF HEALTH EDUCATION 3Loren B. Bensley Jr.
2 PHILOSOPHICAL BASES FOR HEALTH EDUCATION 7J. Keogh Rash
3 THREE ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS IN DEFINING A PERSONAL PHILOSOPHY 11R. Morgan Pigg Jr.
4 HEALTH EDUCATION AS A BASIC 17Carl E. Willgoose
5 SOME GUIDING PRINCIPLES ON HEALTH AND HEALTH EDUCATION: A PHILOSOPHICAL STATEMENT 29Charles R. Carroll
6 THE HOLISTIC PHILOSOPHY AND PERSPECTIVE OF SELECTED HEALTH EDUCATORS 35Stephen B. Thomas
PART 2 DEVELOPING A PHILOSOPHY OF HEALTH EDUCATION 45
7 CONNECTING A PERSONAL PHILOSOPHY OF HEALTH TO THE PRACTICE OF HEALTH EDUCATION 49Becky J. Smith
8 HEALTH EDUCATORS AND THE FUTURE: LEAD, FOLLOW OR GET OUT OF THE WAY 55Noreen M. Clark
9 HEALTH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION: A LOOK AT THE JUNGLE OF SUPPORTIVE FIELDS, PHILOSOPHIES, AND THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS 67Thomas C. Timmreck, Galen E. Cole, Gordon James, Diane D. Butterworth
10 PHILOSOPHICAL TRENDS IN HEALTH EDUCATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY 79Helen M. Welle, Robert D. Russell, Mark J. Kittleson
PART 3 COGNITIVE APPROACHES IN HEALTH EDUCATION 91
11 TEACHING FOR UNDERSTANDING IN HEALTH EDUCATION: THE ROLE OF CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING SKILLS WITHIN CONSTRUCTIVISM THEORY 95Valerie A. Ubbes, Jill M. Black, Judith A. Ausherman
12 THE PARADIGM SHIFT TOWARD TEACHING FOR THINKING: PERSPECTIVES, BARRIERS, SOLUTIONS, AND ACCOUNTABILITY 109Bette B. Keyser, James T. Broadbear
13 HISTORICAL STEPS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MODERN SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM 119Kenneth E. Veselak
14 PHILOSOPHY AND PRINCIPLES OF THE SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM 127Delbert Oberteuffer
PART 4 CHANGING BEHAVIOR IN HEALTH EDUCATION 135
15 BEHAVIORAL HEALTH AND HEALTH EDUCATION: AN EMERGING OPPORTUNITY 139Carl I. Fertman
16 HEALTHY BEHAVIOR: THE IMPLICATIONS OF A HOLISTIC PARADIGM OF THINKING THROUGH BODYMIND RESEARCH 145Don Read, Walt Stoll
17 PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING: CATALYST FOR BEHAVIORAL CHANGE 169J. Frederick Garman, Carol J. Teske, Duane A. Crider
18 HEALTH PROMOTION AND EMPOWERMENT: REFLECTIONS ON PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE 179Ronald Labonte
PART 5 FREEING / FUNCTIONING IN HEALTH EDUCATION 197
19 HEALTH EDUCATION AS FREEING 201Jerrold S. Greenberg
20 DEMOCRACY: THE FIRST PRINCIPLE OF HEALTH PROMOTING SCHOOLS 207Andy Anderson, Barbara Ronson
21 HUMAN ECOLOGY AND HEALTH EDUCATION 227Howard S. Hoyman
22 SPIRITUAL WELLNESS, HOLISTIC HEALTH, AND THE PRACTICE OF HEALTH EDUCATION 243Steven Hawks
PART 6 SOCIAL CHANGE IN HEALTH EDUCATION 253
23 NEW HEALTH PROMOTION MOVEMENT: A CRITICAL EXAMINATION 257Ann Robertson, Meredith Minkler
24 POTENTIAL UNTAPPED: HEALTH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION AS A MEANS TO PEACE 275Daniel Leviton
25 PUTTING POLITICS BACK IN PUBLIC HEALTH EDUCATION 299Martha L. Coulter, Terrance Allbrecht, Elizabeth Gulitz, Mary Figg, Charles Mahan
26 HEALTH CARE REFORM: INSIGHTS FOR HEALTH EDUCATORS 305Thomas O'Rourke
27 THE ROLE OF HEALTH EDUCATION ASSOCIATIONS IN ADVOCACY 311M. Elaine Auld, Eleanor Dixon-Terry
28 THE ROLE OF HEALTH EDUCATION ADVOCACY IN REMOVING DISPARITIES IN HEALTH CARE 319John P. Allegrante, Donald E. Morisky, Behjat A. Sharif
29 LESSONS FROM DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HEALTH EDUCATION IN THE GLOBAL VILLAGE 335Helda Pinzon-Perez
APPENDIX A PHILOSOPHY OF HEALTH EDUCATION GRID 341
APPENDIX B PHILOSOPHY OF HEALTH EDUCATION: A POSITION STATEMENT OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF HEALTH EDUCATION (AAHE) 345
APPENDIX C HEALTH LITERACY: A POSITION STATEMENT OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF HEALTH EDUCATION (AAHE) 349
APPENDIX D CODE OF ETHICS FOR THE HEALTH EDUCATION PROFESSION 351
APPENDIX E CHES QUESTIONS 357
What People are Saying About This
"Finally, health education specialists have a book devoted tophilosophical perspectives from experts in the field. Without adoubt, this book will be a reader and keeper for students,scholars, practitioners, leaders, and teachers of health educationand promotion, who routinely think about and share their own healtheducation philosophy."— Dixie Dennis, Ph.D., CHES, Austin Peay StateUniversity
"Finally! A book that clearly and critically collates thevarious philosophical foundations for the health educationprofession! Will assist budding (and mature) health educators inidentifying and creating their own philosophy of health educationpractice. Bravo to the insightful editors and authors!"— Carolyn P. Parks-Bani, PhD, Community Health Educator,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
"A captivating compilation of readings that presents diverseperspectives from past and present leaders on philosophical issuesin health education. It is a much-needed addition to ourprofessional literature that will serve as an essential resourcefor courses addressing the foundations and history of ourfield."— David A. Birch, PhD, CHES, East Carolina University
"Philosophical Foundations of Health Education is an essential,comprehensive collection useful for any Health Educationprofessional preparation program."— Judy C. Drolet, PhD, CHES, FASHA, FAAHE, Southern IllinoisUniversity Carbondale