Philosophy of Mind / Edition 3

Philosophy of Mind / Edition 3

by Jaegwon Kim
ISBN-10:
0813344581
ISBN-13:
9780813344584
Pub. Date:
12/28/2010
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis

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Overview

Philosophy of Mind / Edition 3

The philosophy of mind has long been part of the core philosophy curriculum, and this book is the classic, comprehensive survey of the subject. Designed as an introduction to the field for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, Philosophy of Mind focuses on the mind, body problem and related issues, some touching on the status of psychology and cognitive science.

The third edition has been thoroughly updated throughout to reflect developments of the past decade, and it is the only text of its kind that provides a serious and respectful treatment of substance dualism. This edition also includes two new chapters on the nature of consciousness and the status of consciousness. Throughout the text, author Jaegwon Kim allows readers to come to their own terms with the central problems of the mind. At the same time, Kim's emerging views are on display and serve to move the discussion forward. Comprehensive, clear, and fair, Philosophy of Mind is a model of philosophical exposition and a significant contribution to the field.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813344584
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 12/28/2010
Edition description: Third Edition, Third Edition
Pages: 386
Sales rank: 159,084
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Jaegwon Kim is William Perry Faunce Professor of Philosophy at Brown University. He is the author of Supervenience and Mind; Mind in a Physical World; Physicalism, or Something Near Enough; Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind; and many important papers on the philosophy of mind, metaphysics, epistemology, and the philosophy of science.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

1 Introduction 1

What Is Philosophy of Mind? 2

Metaphysical Preliminaries 5

Mind-Body Supervenience 8

Materialism and Physicalism 11

Varieties of Mental Phenomena 14

Is There a "Mark of the Mental"? 17

For Further Reading 28

Notes 28

2 Mind as Immaterial Substance: Descartes's Dualism 31

Descartes's Interactionist Substance Dualism 32

Why Minds and Bodies Are Distinct: Some Arguments 35

Princess Elisabeth Against Descartes 46

The "Pairing Problem": Another Causal Argument 50

Immaterial Minds in Space? 54

Substance Dualism and Property Dualism 56

For Further Reading 58

Notes 58

3 Mind and Behavior: Behaviorism 61

The Cartesian Theater and the "Beetle in the Box" 63

What Is Behavior? 66

Logical Behaviorism: A Positivist Argument 68

A Behavioral Translation of "Paul Has a Toothache" 70

Difficulties with Behavioral Definitions 71

Do Pains Entail Pain Behavior? 76

Ontological Behaviorism 78

The Real Relationship Between Pain and Pain Behavior 80

Behaviorism in Psychology 82

Why Behavior Matters to Mind 86

For Further Reading 87

Notes 88

4 Mind as the Brain: The Psychoneural Identity Theory 91

Mind-Brain Correlations 91

Making Sense of Mind-Brain Correlations 93

The Argument from Simplicity 98

Explanatory Arguments for Psychoneural Identity 102

An Argument from Mental Causation 110

Against Psychoneural Identity Theory 114

Reductive and Nonreductive Physicalism 122

For Further Reading 125

Notes 126

5 Mind as a Computing Machine: Machine Functionalism 129

Multiple Realizability and the Functional Conception of Mind 130

Functional Properties and Their Realizers: Definitions 134

Functionalism and Behaviorism 136

Turing Machines 139

Physical Realizers of Turing Machines 144

Machine Functionalism: Motivations and Claims 147

Machine Functionalism: Further Issues 151

Can Machines Think? The Turing Test 156

Computationalism and the "Chinese Room" 160

For Further Reading 165

Notes 65

6 Mind as a Causal System: Causal-Theoretical Functionalism 169

The Ramsey-Lewis Method 170

Choosing an Underlying Psychology 172

Functionalism as Physicalism: Psychological Reality 177

Objections and Difficulties 179

Roles Versus Realizers: The Status of Cognitive Science 186

For Further Reading 189

Notes 190

7 Mental Causation 193

Agency and Mental Causation 195

Mental Causation, Mental Realism, and Epiphenomenalism 197

Psychophysical Laws and "Anomalous Monism" 202

Is Anomalous Monism a Form of Epiphenomenalism? 207

Counterfactuals to the Rescue? 209

Physical Causal Closure and the "Exclusion Argument" 214

The "Supervenience Argument" and Epiphenomenalism 217

Further Issues: The Extrinsicness of Mental States 220

For Further Reading 223

Notes 224

8 Mental Content 227

Interpretation Theory 228

The Causal-Correlational Approach: Informational Semantics 235

Misrepresentation and the Teleological Approach 239

Narrow Content and Wide Content: Content Externalism 241

The Metaphysics of Wide Content States 248

Is Narrow Content Possible? 251

Two Problems for Content Externalism 254

For Further Reading 258

Notes 259

9 What Is Consciousness? 263

Some Views on Consciousness 264

Nagel and His Inscrutable Bats 267

Phenomenal Consciousness and Access Consciousness 271

Consciousness and Subjectivity 280

Does Consciousness Involve Higher-Order Perception or Thought? 283

Transparency of Experience and Qualia Representationalism 289

For Further Reading 295

Notes 296

10 Consciousness and the Mind-Body Problem 301

The "Explanatory Gap" and the "Hard Problem" 302

Does Consciousness Supervene on Physical Properties? 306

Closing the Explanatory Gap: Reduction and Reductive Explanation 311

Functional Analysis and Reductive Explanation 315

Consciousness and Brain Science 317

What Mary, the Supervision Scientist, Didn't Know 323

The Limits of Physicalism 326

For Further Reading 333

Notes 334

References 339

Index 355

What People are Saying About This

Ausonio Marras

Ausonio Marras, University of Western Ontario
Like the highly acclaimed earlier edition, this book provides an extremely useful, state-of-the-art introduction to the philosophy of mind. Thanks to his incomparably lucid style, the author is able to discuss the issues at greater depth than is generally attempted in an introductory text, thus also providing a very accessible introduction to his own challenging and influential views on the mind-body problem. Really a wonderful book, useful to students and researchers alike.

John Heil

John Heil, Davidson College
I really cannot say enough about the quality of this book. It is the work of a top-flight original philosopher adept at explaining difficult issues with remarkable clarity. An admirable textbook, it represents a notable philosophical achievement as well.

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