ISBN-10:
0736050922
ISBN-13:
9780736050920
Pub. Date:
09/13/2006
Publisher:
Human Kinetics Publishers
Physical Activity and Health / Edition 1

Physical Activity and Health / Edition 1

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780736050920
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
Publication date: 09/13/2006
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 424
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 10.90(h) x 1.20(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Claude Bouchard, PhD, is the executive director of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, a campus of the Louisiana State University System, and holds the George A. Bray Jr. chair in nutrition. He was director of the Physical Activity Sciences Laboratory at Laval University, Quebec City, Canada, for over 20 years. Dr. Bouchard holds a BPed from Laval University, an MSc in exercise physiology from the University of Oregon at Eugene, and a PhD in population genetics from the University of Texas at Austin.

For four decades, his research has dealt with the role of physical activity, and the lack thereof, on physiology, metabolism, and indicators of health, taking into account genetic uniqueness. He has performed research on the contributions of gene sequence variation and the benefits to be expected from regular activity in terms of changes in cardiovascular and diabetes risk factors.

Dr. Bouchard has served as program leader for four consensus conferences and symposia pertaining to various aspects of physical activity and health. He has published more than 850 scientific papers and has edited four books and several monographs dealing with physical activity and health.

Dr. Bouchard is former president of the Canadian Society for Applied Physiology and the North American Association for the Study of Obesity. He is president of the International Association for the Study of Obesity (2002-2006), a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), and has been a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Cooper Research Institute for the last decade.

Steven N. Blair, PED, is the president and CEO of the Cooper Institute and is one of the world's most eminent epidemiologists in the area of physical activity and health. Dr. Blair has three honorary doctorates, a 1994 doctor honoris causa from the Free University of Brussels; a 1996 doctor of health science, from Lander University; and a 2002 doctor of science honoris causa, from the University of Bristol, UK. He also is a Benjamin Meaker Fellow at the University of Bristol.

For nearly 40 years, he has researched and done public health work in the areas of physical activity and health. He has published more than 350 scientific articles, including one on fitness and mortality that has been cited over 1,100 times.

He is past president of the American College of Sports Medicine and a fellow in many organizations. He has received numerous honors, including the ACSM Honor Award. He was the senior scientific editor of the Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity and Health.

William Haskell, PhD, is emeritus professor of medicine at Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford School of Medicine. He holds an honorary MD degree from Linkoping University in Sweden.

For 40 years, his research has investigated the relationships between physical activity and health. He has been involved at the national and international levels in the development of physical activity and fitness guidelines and recommendations for physical activity in health promotion and disease prevention.

Dr. Haskell has served as principal investigator on major NIH-funded research projects demonstrating the health benefits of physical activity. For 11 years, he was a member of the planning committee and faculty for the CDC-sponsored research course on physical activity and public health. From 1968 to 1970, he was program director for the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.

He is past president of the American College of Sports Medicine and founder and past president of the American College of Sports Medicine Foundation. He is a fellow with the Exercise and Rehabilitation Council, American Heart Association, and American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation.

Table of Contents

Contents
Preface
Acknowledgements

Part I History and Current Status of the Study of Physical Activity and Health

Chapter 1 Why Study Physical Activity and Health?
Claude Bouchard, PhD; Steven N. Blair, PED; and William Haskell, PhD

-Human Evolution, History, and Physical Activity

-Burden of Chronic Diseases

-Health and Its Determinants

-Aging and Health

-Defining Physical Activity and Physical Fitness

-Physical Inactivity Versus Physical Activity

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 2 Historical Perspectives on Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
Russell R. Pate, PhD

-Early Beliefs About Physical Activity and Health Scientific Inquiry on Exercise and Health

-Evolution of Physical Activity Guidelines

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 3 Physical Activity and Fitness with Age Among Sex and Ethnic Groups
Peter T. Katzmarzyk, PhD

-Physical Activity

-Physical Fitness

-In Closing...

-Review Materials
Part II Effects of Physical Activity on the Human Organism

Chapter 4 Metabolic, Cardiovascular, and Respiratory Responses to Physical Activity
Edward T. Howley, PhD

-Relationship of Energy to Physical Activity

-Oxygen Consumption and Cardiovascular and Respiratory Responses to Exercise

-Effect of Training, Age, and Gender on Maximal Oxygen Uptake

-Application to Exercise Training and Physical Activity Interventions

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 5 Acute Response to Physical Activity and Exercise
Adrianne E. Hardman, MSc, PhD

-Lipids and Lipoproteins

-Insulin–Glucose Dynamics

-Blood Pressure

-Hematological Changes

-Immune Function Responses

-Responses Related to Energy Balance

-Augmentation of Acute Effects by Training

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 6 Hormonal Response to Regular Physical Activity
Peter Farrell, PhD

-Defining Hormones

-Importance of Hormonal Regulation

-Regular Physical Activity and Hormonal Adaptations

-Summary and Conclusions

-Review Materials
Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle Adaptation to Regular Physical Activity
Howard J. Green, PhD

-Skeletal Muscle and Human Life

-Muscle Cell—Composition, Structure, and Function

-Muscle Fiber Types and Subtypes

-Muscle Adaptation and Functional Consequences

-Aging Muscle—The Role of Training

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 8 Response of Brain, Liver, Kidney, and Other Organs and Tissues to Regular Physical Activity
Roy J. Shephard, MB, BS, MD (London), PhD, DPE

-Acute Effects of Physical Activity

-Chronic Effects of Physical Activity

-Issues Requiring Further Research

-Summary

-Review Materials
Part III Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health

Chapter 9 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Mortality Rates
Steven N. Blair, PED; and Michael J. LaMonte, PhD

-Physical Activity, Fitness, and Mortality

-Biological Mechanisms

-Summary and Conclusions

-Review Materials
Chapter 10 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Cardiac, Vascular, and Pulmonary Morbidities
Ian Janssen, PhD

-Physical Inactivity and Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness As Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Morbidities

-Physical Inactivity and Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness As Risk Factors for Pulmonary Morbidities

-Biological Mechanisms

-Role of Physical Activity in Patients With Cardiac, Vascular, and Pulmonary Morbidities

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 11 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Obesity
Robert Ross, PhD; and Ian Janssen, PhD

-Definition and Problem of Overweight and Obesity

-Fat Depots

-Relationships Among Excess Weight, Physical Activity, and Fitness

-Role of Physical Activity in Prevention and Treatment of Excess Weight

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 12 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Diabetes Mellitus
Oscar Alcazar, PhD; Richard C. Ho, PhD; and Laurie J. Goodyear, PhD

-Diabetes: Concept and Prevalence

-Epidemiology, Etiology, and Complications of Type 2 Diabetes

-Impact of Physical Activity on Insulin and Glucose Metabolism

-Epidemiological Evidence Indicating Benefits of Physical Activity in Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

-Summary of Randomized Controlled Trials on the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

-Importance of Regular Physical Activity for People With Type 2 Diabetes

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 13 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Cancer
I-Min Lee, MBBS, ScD

-Importance of Cancer

-How Physical Activity and Physical Fitness Decrease the Risk of Developing Cancer

-How We Study Whether Physical Activity and Physical Fitness Decrease the Risk of Developing Cancer

-Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Site-Specific Cancers

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 14 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Joint and Bone Health
Jennifer Hootman, PhD, ATC, FACSM

-Burden of Selected Musculoskeletal Diseases in the Population

-Dose–Response Relationships Between Physical Activity and Injury, Osteoarthritis, and Osteoporosis

-Physical Activity, Bone Development and Maintenance, and Preservation of Function

-Challenges in Defining Exposure Data for Musculoskeletal Outcomes

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 15 Physical Activity, Muscular Fitness, and Health
Neil McCartney, PhD; and Stuart Phillips, PhD

-History of Resistance Training and Its Role in Health

-Fundamental Aspects of Resistance Training

-Resistance Training Throughout the Life Span

-Resistance Training in Disease and Disability

-Summary and Conclusions

-Review Materials
Chapter 16 Exercise and Its Effects on Mental Health
John S. Raglin, PhD; Gregory S. Wilson, PED; and Dan Galper, PhD

-Models of Exercise and Mental Health Research

-Exercise and Anxiety

-Exercise and Depression

-Proposed Explanations for the Psychological Benefits of Exercise

-Detrimental Psychological Responses to Exercise

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 17 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Children
Thomas W. Rowland, MD

-Cardiovascular Health

-Bone Health and Osteoporosis

-Strategies for Promoting Physical Activity in Youth

-Conclusions

-Review Materials
Chapter 18 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Aging
Loretta Di Pietro, PhD, MPH

-The Aging Process

-Methodological Considerations in Aging Research

-Demographics of Physical Activity Among Older Adults

-Dimensions of Physical Activity and Their Relationship to Health and Function in Aging

-Programmatic Issues in Promoting Physical Activity in Older Populations

-Summary

-Review Materials
Chapter 19 Risks of Physical Activity
Evert A.L.M. Verhagen, PhD; Esther M.F. van Sluijs, PhD; and Willem van Mechelen, MD, PhD

-Risks of Physical Activity and Sport Participation

-Minimizing Risk and Maximizing Benefits

-Recommendations for Future Research

-Summary

-Review Materials
Part IV How Much Is Required and What Are the Delivery Modes?

Chapter 20 Dose-Response Issues in Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
William L. Haskell, PhD

-Principles Guiding the Body's Response to Activity

-Components of the Physical Activity Dose

-Factors Determining Optimal Activity Dose

-Physical Activity Versus Fitness When Considering Dose for Health Benefits

-Summary and Conclusions

-Review Materials
Chapter 21 Physical Activity and Exercise Programs
Adrian Bauman, MB, BS, MPH, PhD, FAFPHM

-What Are Physical Activity and Exercise Programs?

-Settings for Physical Activity and Exercise Programs

-Strengths of Structured Versus Unstructured Programs

-Physical Activity and Exercise Programs for Subpopulations and Groups

-Summary of the Effectiveness of Physical Activity Interventions

-Review Materials
Part V New Challenges and Opportunities

Chapter 22 Genetic Differences in the Relationships Among Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
Tuomo Rankinen, PhD; and Claude Bouchard, PhD

-Basics of Human Genetics

-Events in Human Genes and Genomes

-Genetic Variation Among Sedentary People

-Individual Differences in Response to Regular Exercise

-Genes and Responses to Exercise

-Trait-Specific Response to Exercise

-Summary and Perspective

-Review Materials
Chapter 23 An Integrated View of Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
William L. Haskell, PhD; Steven N. Blair, PED; and Claude Bouchard, PhD

-Chapter Overview

-Physical Activity versus Inactivity: Universal Value Versus Damaging Consequences

-Developing and Implementing Physical Activity Plans

-Research Questions and Issues

-Summary and Conclusions

-Review Materials
References
Index
About the Editors
About the Contributors

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