Physics in the Modern World

Physics in the Modern World

by Jerry Marion

NOOK Book(eBook)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780323161435
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Publication date: 12/02/2012
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 656
File size: 31 MB
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Table of Contents

Preface

1 Introduction to Physical Ideas

Describing and Measuring Things

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

2 Motion

2-1 Average Speed

2-2 Graphical Representation of Speed

2-3 Acceleration

2-4 Accelerated Motion

2-5 Free Fall

2-6 Vectors

2-7 Motion in Two Dimensions

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

3 Force

3-1 Force and Inertia

3-2 Dynamics

3-3 Action and Reaction

3-4 Friction

3-5 Statics

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

4 Linear Momentum

4-1 (Mass) × (Velocity)

4-2 The Conservation of Linear Momentum

4-3 The Vector Character of Linear Momentum

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

5 Circular Motion, Torque, and Angular Momentum

5-1 Circular Motion

5-2 Torque

5-3 Center of Mass

5-4 Angular Momentum

5-5 Rotational Inertia

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

6 Gravitation and Space Travel

6-1 Planetary Motion

6-2 Universal Gravitation

6-3 Space Travel

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

7 Energy

7-1 Work

7-2 Work Done Against Various Forces

7-3 Power

7-4 Kinetic and Potential Energy

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

8 Energy in Today's World

8-1 How Much Energy Do We Use?

8-2 Water Power

8-3 Fossil Fuels

8-4 Nuclear Energy

8-5 Secondary Energy Sources

8-6 The Storage of Energy

8-7 Energy and the Environment

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

9 Heat

9-1 The Laws of Thermodynamics

9-2 Temperature and Heat

9-3 Thermal Effects on Size

9-4 Heat Calculations

9-5 Heat Transfer

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

10 Liquids and Gases

10-1 Pressure

10-2 Buoyancy

10-3 The Gas Laws

10-4 Kinetic Theory

10-5 Changes of Phase

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

11 Electricity

11-1 The Electric Force

11-2 The Electric Field

11-3 The Electron Charge and the Electron Volt

11-4 Capacitance

11-5 Electric Current

11-6 Electric Resistance

11-7 Electric Circuits

11-8 Atmospheric Electricity

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

12 Electromagnetism

12-1 Magnetism and the Earth's Magnetic Field

12-2 The Interaction of Currents and Charges with Magnetic Fields

12-3 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents

12-4 Fields That Vary with Time

12-5 Alternating Current

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

13 Waves

13-1 Simple Harmonic Motion

13-2 Wave Pulses on Springs and Strings

13-3 Traveling Waves

13-4 Superimposed Waves

13-5 Sound

13-6 Refraction, Diffraction, and Interference

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

14 Electromagnetic Radiation

14-1 Producing Electromagnetic Waves

14-2 Properties of Electromagnetic Waves

14-3 Polarization

14-4 Photons

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

15 Light

15-1 Basic Features of Light and Light Sources

15-2 Lenses

15-3 Optical Instruments

15-4 Color and Spectra

15-5 Light and Vision

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

16 Relativity

16-1 The Basis of Relativity

16-2 The Velocity of Light

16-3 Relativistic Effects on Time and Length

16-4 Mass and Energy

16-5 The General Theory

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

17 Electrons and Photons

17-1 The Photoelectric Effect

17-2 The Wave Nature of Particles

17-3 Quantum Theory

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

18 The Modern View of Atoms

18-1 The Hydrogen Atom

18-2 Quantum Theory of the Hydrogen Atom

18-3 Complex Atoms and the Periodic Table

18-4 X Rays

18-5 Lasers

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

19 The Structure of Matter

19-1 Ionic Bonds and Ionic Crystals

19-2 Covalent Bonds and Covalent Crystals

19-3 Hydrogen Bonds

19-4 Semiconductors

19-5 Superconductors

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

20 Nuclei and Nuclear Power

20-1 Radioactivity

20-2 The Nuclear Atom

20-3 The Composition of Nuclei

20-4 Nuclear Masses

20-5 Nuclear Reactions

20-6 Nuclear Fission

20-7 Nuclear Reactors

20-8 Nuclear Fusion

20-9 The Strong and Weak Forces

20-10 Nuclear Reactions in the Sun

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

21 Radiation - Effects and Uses

21-1 Radiation and Radiation Effects

21-2 Radiation Techniques in Various Fields

21-3 Biological Effects of Radiation

21-4 Biological and Medical Uses of Radiation

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

Appendix

Essential Definitions of Trigonometry

Answers Odd-Numbered Numerical Exercises

Index

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