Physics of the Sun: Volume I: The Solar Interior

Physics of the Sun: Volume I: The Solar Interior

by P.A. Sturrock (Editor)

Paperback(1986)

$159.99
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789401088190
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 10/05/2011
Series: Geophysics and Astrophysics Monographs , #24
Edition description: 1986
Pages: 257
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

1: Introduction and Summary.- 1. Preliminary Remarks.- 2. The Solar Interior.- 3. Atmosphere.- 4. The Sun in its Astrophysical Context.- 5. Solar-Terrestrial Relations.- References.- 2: Thermonuclear Reactions in the Solar Interior.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Reaction Rate Formalism.- 3. Carbon-Nitrogen Cycle.- 4. Proton-Proton Chain.- 5. Discussion and Conclusions.- References.- 3: Atomic and Radiative Processes in the Solar Interior.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Calculation of Atomic Structure.- 2.1. The Explicit Ion Model.- 2.2. The Mean Ion Model.- 3. Calculation of Opacity.- 3.1. Bound-Bound Processes.- 3.2. Bound-Free Processes.- 3.3. Free-Free Processes.- 3.4. Scattering Processes.- 3.5. Combining Processes to Obtain the Opacity.- 4. Results.- 5. Uncertainties in the Opacity.- Acknowledgements.- References.- 4: Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Phenomena in the Deep Solar Interior.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Troublesome Observations.- 2.1. Light Element Depletion.- 2.2. Low 37CI Neutrino Counts.- 2.3. Possibility of Rapidly Rotating or Nonaxisymmetric Core.- 2.4. 160-Minute Oscillations.- 3. Theoretical Topics.- 3.1. Nucleo-Thermal Destabilizations of g-Modes.- 3.2. Depth of the Convective Zone.- 3.3. Two Topics not Discussed.- References.- 5: The Solar Dynamo: Observations and Theories of Solar Convection, Global Circulation, and Magentic Fields.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Convective Zone Characteristics.- 2.1. Basic Structure of Depth.- 2.2. Oblateness and Latitudinal Temperature Differences.- 2.3. Luminosity and Radius Changes.- 3. Observations and Theory of Solar Convection Zone Motions.- 3.1. Granulation.- 3.1.1. Observations.- 3.1.2. Granulation theory.- 3.2. Supergranulation and Mesogranulation.- 3.2.1. Observations.- 3.2.2. Theory.- 3.3. Related Theories of Convection.- 3.4. Global Circulation.- 3.4.1. Observations.- 3.4.2. Global circulation theory.- 4. Phenomenology of the Sun’s Magnetic Field and Related Features.- 4.1. Flux Tubes and Network.- 4.2. Sunspots, Active Regions, and Global Patterns.- 4.3. The Solar Cycle: Manifestations in Sunspots, Magnetic Fields, and Other Properties.- 5. Theories of the Solar Magnetic Field.- 5.1. Flux Tubes and Network 13.- 5.2. Active Regions and Sunspots.- 5.3. Solar Dynamo Theory.- 6. Concluding Remarks 152 Acknowledgments.- References.- 6: Solar Internal Stresses: Rotation and Magnetic Fields.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Theory.- 2.1. Eddington-Sweet Circulation.- 2.2. Rotationally Driver Instabilities.- 2.3. An Internal Magnetic Field.- 3. Observations.- 4. Summary.- References.- 7: Solar Waves and Oscillations.- 1. Theory of Waves and Oscillations.- 1.1. Basic Equations.- 1.1.1. Full hydromagnetic equations.- 1.1.2. Linearized equations.- 1.2. Waves.- 1.2.1. Nonmagnetic waves.- 1.2.2. Magnetohydrodynamic waves.- 1.3. General Properties of Solar Oscillations.- 1.3.1. Equations and spheroidal mode solutions.- 1.3.2. Cowling approximation.- 1.3.3. Asymptotic behavior of p- and g-mode frequencies.- 1.3.4. Radial oscillations.- 1.3.5. Properties of nonadiabatic solutions.- 1.3.6. Toroidal oscillations.- 1.4. Excitation and Damping of Solar Pulsations.- 1.4.1. Excitation and damping mechanisms.- 1.4.2. Mode lifetimes.- 1.4.3. Stability of solar pulsation modes.- 1.5. Detailed Solutions for Frequencies and Frequency Splitting.- 1.5.1. Effects of structure on unperturbed frequencies.- 1.5.2. Effects of rotation.- 1.5.3. Effects of internal magnetic fields.- 1.6. Future Theoretical Needs.- 2. Observations.- 2.1. Observational Techniques.- 2.1.1. Diagnostics of spectrum lines.- 2.1.2. Techniques for observing oscillations and trapped waves.- 2.2. Oscillations Observed.- 2.2.1. Observations of 5 minute period p-mode oscillations.- 2.2.2. The 160 minute oscillation.- 2.2.3. Torsional oscillations.- 2.2.4. Localized brightness oscillations.- 2.3. Wave Observations.- 2.4. Waves and Oscillations in Sunspots.- 2.5. Future Observational Needs.- 3. Oscillations as Probes of the Solar Interior.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Direct Method.- 3.2.1. Technique.- 3.2.2. Direct method: results.- 3.3. Inversion Methods.- 3.3.1. Technique.- 3.3.2. Applications.- Acknowledgements.- References.

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