ISBN-10:
0073327514
ISBN-13:
9780073327518
Pub. Date:
01/19/2007
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Physics Volume 1 / Edition 1

Physics Volume 1 / Edition 1

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780073327518
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 01/19/2007
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 640
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 10.90(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

1996 Nobel Prize in Physics
Alan Giambattista teaches at the Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
Betty McCarthy Richardson teaches at the Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

Table of Contents


List of Selected Applications     x
Preface     xiii
To the Student     xxi
Acknowledgments     xxix
Introduction     1
Why Study Physics?     2
Talking Physics     2
The Use of Mathematics     3
Scientific Notation and Significant Figures     4
Units     7
Dimensional Analysis     10
Problem-Solving Techniques     12
Approximation     13
Graphs     14
Mechanics
Motion Along a Line     23
Understanding Motion     24
Position and Displacement     24
Velocity: Rate of Change of Position     27
Acceleration: Rate of Change of Velocity     33
Motion Along a Line with Constant Acceleration     37
Visualizing Motion Along a Line with Constant Acceleration     40
Free Fall     43
Motion in a Plane     55
Grapical Addition and Subtraction     56
Vector Addition and Subtraction Using Components     58
Velocity     62
Acceleration     63
Motion in a Plane with Constant Acceleration     65
Velocity Is Relative; ReferenceFrames     71
Force and Newton's Laws of Motion     85
Force     86
Inertia and Equilibrium: Newton's First Law of Motion     90
Net Force, Mass, and Acceleration: Newton's Second Law of Motion     94
Interaction Pairs: Newton's Third Law of Motion     95
Gravitational Forces     97
Contact Forces     100
Tension     107
Applying Newton's Second Law     111
Reference Frames     120
Apparent Weight     121
Air Resistance     123
Fundamental Forces     126
Circular Motion     143
Description of Uniform Circular Motion     144
Radial Acceleration     149
Unbanked and Banked Curves     153
Circular Orbits of Satellites and Planets     156
Nonuniform Circular Motion     160
Tangential and Angular Acceleration     164
Apparent Weight and Artificial Gravity     166
Review and Synthesis: Chapters 1-5     178
Conservation of Energy     181
The Law of Conservation of Energy     182
Work Done by a Constant Force     183
Kinetic Energy     190
Gravitational Potential Energy (1)     192
Gravitational Potential Energy (2)     197
Work Done by Variable Forces: Hooke's Law     200
Elastic Potential Energy     203
Power     206
Linear Momentum     221
A Vector Conservation Law     222
Momentum     222
The Impulse-Momentum Theorem     224
Conservation of Momentum     230
Center of Mass     233
Motion of the Center of Mass     235
Collisions in One Dimension     237
Collisions in Two Dimensions     242
Torque and Angular Momentum     255
Rotational Kinetic Energy and Rotational Inertia     256
Torque     261
Work Done by a Torque     266
Equilibrium Revisited     267
Equilibrium in the Human Body     275
Rotational Form of Newton's Second Law     280
The Motion of Rolling Objects     281
Angular Momentum     284
The Vector Nature of Angular Momentum     287
Review and Synthesis: Chapters 6-8     303
Fluids     309
States of Matter     310
Pressure     310
Pascal's Principle      313
The Effect of Gravity on Fluid Pressure     314
Measuring Pressure     317
Archimedes' Principle     320
Fluid Flow     324
Bernoulli's Equation     327
Viscosity     331
Viscous Drag     334
Surface Tension     336
Elasticity and Oscillations     349
Elastic Deformations of Solids     350
Hooke's Law for Tensile and Compressive Forces     350
Beyond Hooke's Law     352
Shear and Volume Deformations     355
Simple Harmonic Motion     359
The Period and Frequency for SHM     362
Graphical Analysis of SHM     366
The Pendulum     368
Damped Oscillations     373
Forced Oscillations and Resonance     373
Waves     385
Waves and Energy Transport     386
Transverse and Longitudinal Waves     388
Speed of Transverse Waves on a String     390
Periodic Waves     391
Mathematical Description of a Wave     393
Graphing Waves     394
Principle of Superposition     396
Reflection and Refraction     397
Interference and Diffraction     400
Standing Waves     402
Sound     415
Soundwaves     416
The Speed of Sound Waves     418
Amplitude and Intensity of Sound Waves     419
Standing Sound Waves     424
Timbre     428
The Human Ear     429
Beats     431
The Doppler Effect     433
Shockwaves     437
Echolocation and Medical Imaging     438
Review and Synthesis: Chapters 9-12     449
Thermal Physics
Temperature and the Ideal Gas     453
Temperature     454
Temperature Scales     455
Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids     456
Molecular Picture of a Gas     460
Absolute Temperature and the Ideal Gas Law     462
Kinetic Theory of the Ideal Gas     466
Temperature and Reaction Rates     471
Collisions Between Gas Molecules     473
Heat     485
Internal Energy     486
Heat     488
Heat Capacity and Specific Heat     490
Specific Heat of Ideal Gases     493
Phase Transitions     495
Thermal Conduction      502
Thermal Convection     505
Thermal Radiation     508
Thermodynamics     523
The First Law of Thermodynamics     524
Thermodynamic Processes     525
Thermodynamic Processes for an Ideal Gas     529
Reversible and Irreversible Processes     532
Heat Engines     533
Refrigerators and Heat Pumps     536
Reversible Engines and Heat Pumps     538
Details of the Carnot Cycle     541
Entropy     542
Statistical Interpretation of Entropy     545
The Third Law of Thermodynamics     547
Review and Synthesis: Chapters 13-15     557
Mathematics Review     A-1
Table of Selected Nuclides     A-15
Answers to Selected Questions and Problems     AP-1
Credits     C-1
Index I-1

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