This comprehensive book describes and explains the tectonic landforms that result from major internal and external forces acting on the outer layers of solid bodies throughout the Solar System. It presents a detailed survey of tectonic structures at a range of length scales that are found on Mercury, Venus, the Moon, Mars, the outer planet satellites, and asteroids.
A diverse range of models for the sources of tectonic stresses acting on silicate and icy crusts is outlined - comparing and contrasting processes acting throughout the Solar System. Rheological and mechanical properties of different planetary crusts and lithospheres are discussed with a view to understanding how and why tectonic stresses manifest themselves differently on the various bodies presented. Results from fault population data are discussed in detail.
Methods for mapping and analyzing planetary tectonic features are presented, and the book is fully illustrated with explanatory diagrams and spectacular images returned by manned and robotic spacecraft, with all color figures also available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521765732. Incorporating extensive reference lists, this volume forms an essential reference for researchers and for students in planetary geology and tectonics.
About the Author
Thomas R. Watters is a Senior Scientist in the Smithsonian Institution's Center for Earth and Planetary Studies at the National Air and Space Museum and Director of the Smithsonian's Regional Planetary Image Facility. He is involved in three planetary missions: Mars Express (MARSIS Radar Sounder team), MESSENGER (MDIS imaging team), and the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LROC imaging team). He has served as Chair of the Planetary Geology Division of the Geological Society of America, guest editor for Geophysical Research Letters, and on the editorial board of the journal Geology. His research interests are planetary tectonics, and planetary geology and geophysics.
Richard A. Schultz is Professor of Geological Engineering and Geomechanics at the University of Nevada, Reno, where he teaches courses in geology, rock mechanics, and planetary science. He has served on the IUGS Commission on Comparative Planetology, as associate editor for the Journal of Geophysical Research, guest editor for the Journal of Structural Geology, and co-editor of the 35th U.S. Symposium on Rock Mechanics and the 33rd Symposium on Engineering Geology and Geotechnical Engineering, with visiting professorships at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of Paris. His research interests include the evolution of fault systems on various planetary bodies.
Table of Contents
List of contributors vii
1 Planetary tectonics: introduction Thomas R. Watters Richard A. Schultz 1
2 The tectonics of Mercury Thomas R. Watters Francis Nimmo 15
3 Venus tectonics George E. McGill Ellen R. Stofan Suzanne E. Smrekar 81
4 Lunar tectonics Thomas R. Watters Catherine L. Johnson 121
5 Mars tectonics Matthew P. Golombek Roger J. Phillips 183
6 Tectonics of small bodies Peter C. Thomas Louise M. Prockter 233
7 Tectonics of the outer planet satellites Geoffrey C. Collins William B. McKinnon Jeffrey M. Moore Francis Nimmo Robert T. Pappalardo Louise M. Prockter Paul M. Schenk 264
8 Planetary structural mapping Kenneth L. Tanaka Robert Anderson James M. Dohm Vicki L. Hansen George E. McGill Robert T. Pappalardo Richard A. Schultz Thomas R. Watters 351
9 Strength and deformation of planetary lithospheres David L. Kohlstedt Stephen J. Mackwell 397
10 Fault populations Richard A. Schultz Roger Soliva Chris H. Okubo Daniel M?ge 457