This book explores the planning and architectural histories of the cities across Central and Southeastern Europe transformed into the cultural and political capitals of the new nationstates created in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In their introduction, editors Makaš and Conley discuss the interrelated processes of nationalization, modernization, and Europeanization in the region at that time, with special attention paid to the way architectural and urban models from Western and Central Europe were adapted to fit the varying local physical and political contexts.
Individual studies provide summaries of proposed and realized projects in fourteen cities.Each addresses the political and ideological aspects of the city’s urban history, including the idea of becoming a cultural and/or political capital as well as the relationship between national and urban development. The concluding chapter builds on the introductory argument about how the search for national identity combined with the pursuit of modernization and desire to be more European drove the development of these cities in the aftermath of empires.
About the Author
Emily Gunzburger Makaš is Associate Pr ofessor in the School of Architecture, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
Tanja Damljanović Conley teaches architectural history at Massachusetts College of Art and Design in Boston.
Table of Contents
The Contributors vii
1 Shaping Central and Southeastern European Capital Cities in the Age of Nationalism Tanja Damljanovic Conley Emily Gunzburger Makaš 1
Part I South-Eastern European Capitals after the Ottoman Empire
2 Athens Ekni Bastéa 29
3 Belgrade Tanja Damljanovic Conley 45
4 Bucharest Maria Raluca Popa Emily Gunzburger Makaš 61
5 Cetinje Maja Dragicevic Rachel Rossner 75
6 Sofia Elstza Stanoeva 91
7 Tirana Gentiana Kera 108
8 Ankara Zeynep Kezer 124
Part II Central European Capitals within and after the Hapsburg Empire
9 Budapest Robert Nemes 141
10 Prague Cathleen M. Giustino 157
11 Bratislava Henrieta Moravciková 174
12 Cracow and Warsaw Patrice M. Dabrowski 189
13 Zagreb Sarah A. Kent 208
14 Ljubljana Jörg Stabenow 223
15 Sarajevo Emily Gunzburger Makaš 241
16 Not just the National: Modernity and the Myth of Europe in the Capital Cities of Central and Southeastern Europe Nathaniel D. Wood 258