Plant biotechnology has become a priority area for technology transfer in developing countries where production of food, feed, and fiber is of vital concern. Many programs now have sufficient experience to permit anin-depth examination of approaches, achievements, controversies, and anticipated benefits. Developing countries are showcased for leading-edge advances, as represented by contributions from South Africa, Kenya, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, China, Mexico, Brazil, and Peru with a foreword form World Food Prize Laureate, M.S. Swaminathan. These presentations are augmented by reviews from organizations facilitating plant biotechnology transfer, including philanthropic foundations, bilateral and multilateralorganizations, and other new initiatives. Introductory chapters address the subjects of sustainable development, regulatory concerns, accessibility of resources, environmental issues, and socio-economic research.