Plant Viruses As Molecular Pathogens

Plant Viruses As Molecular Pathogens

by Jawaid A. Khan, Jeanne Dijkstra

Hardcover

$180.00

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781560228943
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 01/28/2002
Pages: 537
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.60(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. The Principles and Current Practice of Plant Virus Taxonomy
  • Introduction
  • The Underlying Principles
  • The Role of ICTV
  • The Current System of Plant Virus Classification
  • Future Prospects
  • Chapter 2. How to Write The Names of Virus Species
  • Chapter 3. Genes Involved in Insect-Mediated Transmission of Plant Viruses
  • Introduction
  • Insect Vectors of Plant Viruses
  • Classification of Transmission Modes
  • Nonpersistent and Semipersistent Transmission
  • Circulative Nonpropagative Transmission
  • Circulative Propagative Transmission
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 4. Characteristic Features of Virus Transmission by Nematodes
  • Introduction
  • Vector Nematodes
  • Viruses Transmitted by Nematodes
  • Mechanism of Virus Transmission
  • Control of Nematode-Transmitted Viruses
  • Chapter 5. Virus Transmission by Fungal Vectors
  • Introduction
  • Fungal Vectors
  • Fungus-Transmitted Viruses
  • Modes of Transmission
  • Mechanism of Virus-Vector Association
  • Epidemiology and Control of fungus-Borne Viruses
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. Seed Transmission of Viruses: Biological and Molecular Insights
  • Introduction
  • Biological Characteristics
  • Genetic Determinants
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 7. Molecular Biology of Plant Virus Movement
  • Introduction
  • Movement of Plant Viruses
  • Current Status
  • Chapter 8. Mechanism of RNA Synthesis by a Viral RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase
  • Introduction
  • Initiation of RNA Synthesis
  • Abortive Synthesis
  • Transition from Initiation to Elongation
  • Termination of RNA Synthesis
  • Comparison of RNA-Dependent and DNA-Dependent RNA Synthesis
  • Final Comments
  • Chapter 9. Gene Expression Strategies of RNA Viruses
  • Introduction
  • Subgenomic RNAs and Genome Segmentation
  • Initiation of Translation
  • Elongation of Translation
  • Termination of Translation
  • Polyprotein Processing and Host Factors
  • Outlook
  • Chapter 10. Recombination in Plant RNA Viruses
  • Introduction
  • Overview of Research History on The Recombination of Plant RNA Viruses
  • Recombination in Cucumoviruses
  • Newly Evolved Recombinant Viruses Between CMV and TAV
  • Summary and Conclusion
  • Chapter 11. Variability and Evolution of Potato virus Y (PVY), The Type-Member of the Potyvirus Genus
  • Introduction
  • The Family Potyviridae
  • Relationship Between Potyvirus Species
  • Biological Diversity of PVY
  • Genetic Variability of PVY
  • Mechanisms Leading to RNA Genome Polymorphisms
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 12. Geminvirus Replication and Gene Expression
  • Introduction
  • Geminivirus Classification
  • Genome Structure
  • Geminivirus Infection Cycle: A Brief Overview
  • Geminivirus Replication
  • Control of Viral Gene Expression
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 13. The Molecular Epidemiology of Begomoviruses
  • Introduction
  • Begomoviruses: Distribution and Characteristics
  • Detection, Identification, and Classification of Begomoviruses
  • Begomoviruses Suscepts and Hosts in Relation to Epidemiology
  • Whitefly Vector Biology that Influences Epidemiology
  • Vector Biotypes, Races, and Variants on Virus Spread
  • New Diseases, Epidemics, and Pandemics
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 14. Translational Strategies in Members of the Family Caulimoviridae
  • Introduction
  • Architecture of Viral RNA
  • General Enhancement of Expression
  • Shunting, The Concept
  • Shunting, The Details and Mechanism
  • Leaky Scanning (Bacilliform Caulimoviruses)
  • Activated Polycistronic Translation
  • Transactivation and Shunting
  • Biological Significance of Ribosome Shunt
  • Gag-Pol Translation
  • Making Use of Translational Control
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 15. Recombination in Plant DNA Viruses
  • Introduction
  • Recombination in Plant ssDNA Viruses
  • Recombination in Plant dsDNA Viruses
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 16. Natural Resistance to Viruses
  • Introduction
  • Distinguishing a Non-Host from a Host
  • The Terms Describing Virus-Host Interactions and Resistance
  • Host Responses Conferring Resistance to Viruses
  • Identification of the Genes Involved in Resistance
  • Recognition of the Virus: The Gene-for-Gene Theory
  • Viral Suppressor of Resistance
  • Future Uses of the Natural Virus Resistance Genes
  • Chapter 17. Engineering Virus Resistance in Plants
  • Introduction
  • Structure and Genetic Organization of Plant Viral Genomes
  • Engineered Virus Resistance to Viruses
  • Advantages of RNA-Mediated Resistance
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 18. Antibody Expression in Plants
  • Introduction
  • Antibody-Mediated Viral Resistance in Transgenic Plants
  • Expression of Recombinant Antibodies Using Plant Virus Gene Vectors
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 19. Nucleic Acid Molecular Hybridization for Plant Virus and Viroid Detection
  • Introduction
  • The Principle of the Nucleic Acid Hybridization Method
  • Types of Labels
  • Sample Preparation
  • Pre-Hybridization
  • Hybridization
  • Washing Procedures
  • Detection Procedures
  • Sensitivity of the Detection
  • Application to Viruses and Viroids
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 20. Application of PCR in Plant Virology
  • Introduction
  • Aspects of PCR Template Preparation
  • Plant Virus Detection and Differentiation
  • Real Time, Quantitative PCR
  • Virus Strain Discrimination
  • Viral Genome Characterization
  • Molecular Plant Virology Applications
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 21. Plant Virus Detection in Animal Vectors
  • Introduction
  • Detection by Earlier Methods
  • Detection by a New Method
  • Detection in Animal Vectors
  • The Presence of Virus in a Vector and Biological Transmission to Plants
  • Conclusions
  • Tables
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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