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Planting the Union Flag in Texas: The Campaigns of Major General Nathaniel P. Banks in the West
     

Planting the Union Flag in Texas: The Campaigns of Major General Nathaniel P. Banks in the West

by Stephen A. Dupree
 

ISBN-10: 1585446416

ISBN-13: 9781585446414

Pub. Date: 01/26/2008

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press


Appointed by President Lincoln to command the Gulf Department in November 1862, Nathaniel Prentice Banks was given three assignments, one of which was to occupy some point in Texas. He was told that when he united his army with Grant’s, he would assume command of both. Banks, then, had the opportunity to become the leading general in the West—perhaps

Overview


Appointed by President Lincoln to command the Gulf Department in November 1862, Nathaniel Prentice Banks was given three assignments, one of which was to occupy some point in Texas. He was told that when he united his army with Grant’s, he would assume command of both. Banks, then, had the opportunity to become the leading general in the West—perhaps the most important general in the war. But he squandered what successes he had, never rendezvoused with Grant’s army, and ultimately orchestrated some of the greatest military blunders of the war. “Banks’s faults as a general,” writes author Stephen A. Dupree, “were legion.”

The originality of Planting the Union Flag in Texas lies not just in the author’s description of the battles and campaigns Banks led, nor in his recognition of the character traits that underlay Banks’s decisions. Rather, it lies in how Dupree synthesizes his studies of Banks’s various actions during his tour of duty in and near Texas to help the reader understand them as a unified campaign. He skillfully weaves together Banks’s various attempts to gain Union control of Texas with his other activities and shines the light of Banks’s character on the resulting events to help explain both their potential and their shortcomings.

In the end, readers will have a holistic understanding of Banks’s “appalling” failure to win Texas and may even be led to ask how the post–Civil War era might have been different had he been successful. This fine study will appeal to Civil War buffs and fans of military and Texas history.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781585446414
Publisher:
Texas A&M University Press
Publication date:
01/26/2008
Series:
Red River Valley Books, sponsored by Texas A&M University-Texarkana , #2
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
314
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations     ix
Preface     xi
Prologue     1
Lincoln's Political General     9
A New Commander in Louisiana     16
The First Invasion: Galveston     25
Irish Bend, Alexandria, and Port Hudson     35
The Second Invasion: Sabine Pass     49
The Third Invasion: The Great Texas Overland Expedition     62
The Fourth Invasion: The Texas Coast     69
Beginning of the Fifth Invasion: Halleck's Red River Expedition     86
The Advance to Alexandria     97
The Advance to Sabine Crossroads     107
The Battles at Sabine Crossroads and Pleasant Grove     122
The Battle at Pleasant Hill     134
The Retreat to Alexandria and the Affair at Monett's Ferry     146
The Red River Dams     156
The End of the Fifth Invasion     166
A Summation     179
Composition of the Union Army, Department of the Gulf, during the Red River Expedition     201
Notes     205
Bibliography     247
Index     265

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