Plastic Materials: Properties and Applications

Plastic Materials: Properties and Applications

by Birley (Editor)

Paperback(1988)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780751401622
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 10/01/1991
Edition description: 1988
Pages: 198
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- 1.1 Background.- 1.2 Structure and properties of plastics.- 1.2.1 Mechanical properties.- 1.2.2 Thermal properties.- 1.2.3 Electrical properties.- 1.2.4 Optical properties.- 1.2.5 Melt properties.- 1.2.6 Chemical properties.- 1.3 Additives.- 1.4 Processing of plastics.- 1.4.1 Thermoplastics processing.- 1.4.2 Foams.- 1.4.3 Shaping of cross-linking plastics.- 1.5 Practical methods of processing.- 1.5.1 Thermoplastics processing.- 1.5.2 Processing methods for cross-linking plastics.- 1.6 Interactions between shaping process and plastics materials.- Further reading.- 2 Fundamentals of design.- 2.1 Engineering design.- 2.1.1 Fracture mechanics applied to plastics.- 2.2 Design limitations imposed by processing method.- 2.3 Product design.- 2.3.1 Thermoplastics.- 2.3.2 Thermosetting plastics.- 2.3.3 Foams and reinforced plastics.- 2.3.4 Tolerance and dimensional control of products.- 2.4 Importance of economics of processing in design.- Further reading.- 3 Styrene plastics.- 3.1 Polystyrene.- 3.2 High impact polystyrene.- 3.3 Styrene copolymers.- 3.4 ABS plastics.- 3.5 Polystyrene—poly(phenylene oxide) blends.- 4 Other amorphous thermoplastics.- 4.1 Poly(methyl methacrylate).- 4.2 Cellulose plastics.- 4.2.1 Regenerated cellulose.- 4.2.2 Cellulose esters.- 4.2.3 Cellulose ethers.- 4.3 Polycarbonates.- 5 Propylene plastics.- 5.1 Homopolymer and impact-modified grades.- 5.2 Filled polypropylene.- 5.3 Foamed polypropylene.- 5.4 Miscellaneous applications of propylene polymers.- 6 Other polyolefin plastics.- 6.1 Polyethylene.- 6.1.1 High-density polyethylene.- 6.1.2 Low-density polyethylene.- 6.1.3 Linear low-density polyethylene.- 6.1.4 Very low-density polyethylene.- 6.1.5 Blends of ethylene polymers.- 6.2 Ethylene copolymers.- 6.3 Polybut-1-ene.- 6.4 Poly-4-methylpent-1-ene.- 7 Other crystalline thermoplastics.- 7.1 Polyamides.- 7.1.1 General-purpose polyamides.- 7.1.2 Modified polyamides.- 7.1.3 Aromatic polyamides and polyimides.- 7.2 Thermoplastic polyesters.- 7.2.1 Homo-polyesters.- 7.2.2 Blends of polyesters.- 7.3 Polyacetals.- 8 Vinyl chloride plastics.- 8.1 Unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride).- 8.2 Plasticized poly(vinyl chloride).- 8.3 Vinyl chloride copolymers.- 8.4 Blends of poly(vinyl chloride).- 8.5 Vinylidene chloride polymers and copolymers.- 9 Speciality thermoplastics.- 9.1 Fluoroplastics.- 9.1.1 Poly(tetrafluoroethylene).- 9.1.2 Poly(vinylidene fluoride).- 9.1.3 Other fluoropolymers.- 9.2 Polysulphones.- 9.3 Poly(phenylene sulphide).- 10 Cross-linked plastics.- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 Phenol-formaldehyde plastics.- 10.2.1 Novolak PF resins.- 10.2.2 Resol PF resins.- 10.3 Urea-formaldehyde plastics.- 10.4 Melamine-formaldehyde plastics.- 10.5 Unsaturated polyester resins.- 10.5.1 Structure and properties.- 10.5.2 Glass fibre-reinforced polyesters.- 10.6 Epoxide resins.- 11 Polyurethane plastics.- 11.1 Introduction.- 11.2 Molecular structure—property relationships.- 11.2.1 Typical reactions.- 11.2.2 Monomeric components.- 11.3 Properties and applications of polyurethanes.- 11.3.1 Flexible polyurethane foams.- 11.3.2 Rigid polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams.- 11.3.3 Reaction injection moulded polyurethane products.- 11.3.4 Elastomeric and resinous thermosetting polyurethanes.- 11.3.5 Thermoplastic polyurethanes.- 11.3.6 Polyurethanes as surface coatings, adhesives and sealants.- Further reading.

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