Gr 8 Up-Rice offers a detailed examination of the still-murky 1964 Gulf of Tonkin incident, when supposed North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. Navy vessels became the impetus for the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, the legislation that gave Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon the authority to wage war in Vietnam. He opens with background about French and American involvement in Indochina, and then describes in detail both the American covert sea operations in the waters off North Vietnam and the events of the nights of August 2 and 4, 1964, when the attacks happened. He also covers how those events affected the decisions of military and civilian leaders. The author objectively explains the motivations of the Johnson Administration and the North Vietnamese government and the options their respective leaders had, and encourages readers to make up their own minds about what really happened. Average-quality photos of leaders and naval vessels add little to the text, and the single map of Vietnam does not have sufficient detail for students to locate many of the places mentioned in it. Although Rice covers events thoroughly and documents sources, the lengthy descriptions of covert operations and naval maneuvers are both dry and heavy on jargon. Only the most dedicated report writers will need this level of detail, and most interested readers and report writers would be better served by one of the numerous general overviews of the Vietnam conflict.-Mary Mueller, Rolla Junior High School, MO Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information.