Polar and Magnetospheric Substorms

Polar and Magnetospheric Substorms

by Syun-Ichi Akasofu

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1968)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789401034630
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 11/02/2011
Series: Astrophysics and Space Science Library , #11
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1968
Pages: 298
Product dimensions: 6.69(w) x 9.61(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

1 / Introduction.- 1.1. Polar Upper Atmosphere and the Outer Magnetosphere.- 1.2. Polar Substorms and Magnetospheric Substorms.- 1.3. Magnetospheric Substorm and Magnetospheric Storm.- 1.4. Auroral Oval as a Natural Coordinate.- 1.5. Four Circumpolar Structures and the Corresponding Magnetospheric Structures.- 1.6. Changing Auroral Oval.- 1.7. Scope of the Monograph.- 2 / Auroral Substorm and Associated Magnetic Disturbances.- 2.1. Introduction: Typical Daily Variation.- A. Auroral Substorm.- B. Polar Magnetic Substorm.- 1. SD Analysis.- 2. Spiral Analysis.- 2.2. Auroral Substorm and Associated Magnetic Disturbances in the Midnight Sector.- 2.3. Auroral Substorm and Associated Magnetic Disturbances in the Evening Sector.- 2.4. Auroral Substorm and Associated Magnetic Disturbances in the Morning Sector.- 2.5. Auroral Substorms in the Geomagnetically Conjugate Areas.- 3 / Polar Magnetic Substorm.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Polar Magnetic Substorms on December 13, 1957.- 3.3. Polar Magnetic Substorm on December 16, 1964.- 3.4. Three-Dimensional Model Current System.- 3.5. Polar Magnetic Substorms in Geomagnetically Conjugate Areas.- 4 / Ionospheric Substorm.- 4.1. Introduction.- 4.2. Typical Daily Variation of the Cosmic Radio Wave Absorption.- 4.3. Statistical Daily Variation Pattern.- 4.4. N Type Absorption.- 4.5. E Type Absorption.- 4.6. M Type Absorption.- 4.7. Cosmic Radio Noise Absorption at Geomagnetically Conjugate Areas.- 4.8. Development of the Ionospheric Substorm (Absorption).- 4.9. Deformation of the Ionosphere.- 4.10. Radio Auroras.- 4.11. Atmospheric Wave Substorm.- A. Traveling Disturbances.- B. Infrasonic Pressure Waves from Active Auroras.- 4.12. Atmospheric Heating in the Auroral Zone.- 5 / X-Ray Substorm.- 5.1. Introduction.- 5.2. Typical Daily Variation.- 5.3. Statistical Daily Variation Pattern.- 5.4. Midnight Bursts.- 5.5. X-Ray Bursts Associated with Westward Traveling Surges.- 5.6. X-Ray Bursts in the Morning and Midday Hours.- 5.7. Fine Structures of the X-Ray Bursts.- 5.8. X-Ray Bursts at the Geomagnetically Conjugate Areas.- 5.9. Development of the X-Ray Substorm.- 6 / Proton Aurora Substorm.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. Typical Daily Variation.- 6.3. Statistical Daily Variation Pattern.- 6.4. Protons in the Auroral Bulge and Patches.- 6.5. Protons and Westward Traveling Surges.- 6.6. Development of the Proton Aurora Substorm.- 7 / VLF Emission Substorm.- 7.1. Introduction.- 7.2. Typical Daily Variation.- 7.3. Statistical Daily Variation Pattern.- 7.4. N1 Type Event and Westward Traveling Surges.- 7.5. N2 Type Event in the Midnight Sector.- 7.6. N3 and D Type Events.- 7.7. Development of the VLF Emission Substorm.- 8 / Micropulsation Substorm.- 8.1. Introduction.- 8.2. Typical Daily Variations.- 8.3. Statistical Daily Variation Pattern.- A. Pi-2 Pulsations.- B. Pulsations in High Latitudes.- 8.4. Micropulsations in the Auroral Bulge.- 8.5. Micropulsations and Positive Bays.- 8.6. Micropulsations and Pulsating Patches in the Morning Sector.- 8.7. Micropulsations in the Daytime (10–15 LT).- 8.8. Micropulsations in the Afternoon Hours.- 8.9. Pi-2 Pulsations.- 8.10. Development of the Micropulsation Substorm: Figure 125.- 9 / Satellite Observations During Polar Substorms.- 9.1. Introduction.- 9.2. Magnetic Field and Particle Flux Variations at re = 6.6a: Synchronous Satellite (ATS).- A. Magnetic Field.- 1. Midnight Sector.- 2. Evening Sector.- 3. Midmorning Sector.- B. Electrons (50 keV).- C. Electrons (0.4–2 MeV).- 9.3. Magnetic Field and Particle Flux Variations in the Range re = 4a?15a.- A. Magnetic Field.-45 keV).- 3. Energetic Protons (>0.31 MeV).- B. Magnetic Field.- 9.5. Trapping Region of the Magnetosphere (re Stations in the Southern Hemisphere.- List of Geomagnetic Observatories compiled by the World Data Center A.- Time Comparison Table for College, Alaska.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.

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