Voters expect their elected representatives to pursue good policy and presume this will be securely founded on the best available knowledge. Yet when representatives emphasize their reliance on expert knowledge, they seem to defer to people whose authority derives, not politically from the sovereign people, but from the presumed objective status of their disciplinary bases.
This book examines the tensions between political authority and expert authority in the formation of public policy in liberal democracies. It aims to illustrate and better understand the nature of these tensions rather than to argue specific ways of resolving them. The various chapters explore the complexity of interaction between the two forms of authority in different policy domains in order to identify both common elements and differences. The policy domains covered include: climate geoengineering discourses; environmental health; biotechnology; nuclear power; whaling; economic management; and the use of force.
This volume will appeal to researchers and to convenors of post-graduate courses in the fields of policy studies, foreign policy decision-making, political science, environmental studies, democratic system studies, and science policy studies.
About the Author
Michael Heazle is an Associate Professor with the Griffith Asia Institute and the Griffith University School of Government and International Relations, Australia. His teaching and research interests include International Relations, politics, and the treatment of uncertainty in foreign and domestic policy making.
John Kane is a Professor with the Centre of Governance and Public Policy and the School of Government and International Relations, Griffith University, Australia, where he researches and teaches in the fields of political theory, political leadership and US foreign policy.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Good Public Policy On the Interaction of Political and Expert Authority Michael Heazle, John Kane and Haig Patapan 2. The Undead Linear Model of Expertise Darrin Durant 3. Intelligence and the Use of Armed Force Paul R. Pillar 4. The Long Goodbye: Science and Policy Making in the International Whaling Commission Michael Heazle 5. On the Interdependency of Political Authority and Economic Expertise John Kane 6. Uneasy Expertise: Geoengineering, Social Science, and Democracy in the Anthropocene Clare Heyward and Steve Rayner 7. Democratic and Expert Authority in Public and Environmental Health Policy David Kriebel and Daniel Sarewitz 8. In Search of Certainty: How Political Authority and Scientific Authority Interact in Japan’s Nuclear Restart Process Paul J. Scalise 9. Drifting to New Worlds: On Politics and Science in Modern Biotechnology Haig Patapan 10. Conclusion: A Democratic Tension? Michael Heazle and John Kane