ISBN-10:
0813324106
ISBN-13:
9780813324104
Pub. Date:
09/12/1996
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
A Political Economy Of The Middle East: Second Edition / Edition 2

A Political Economy Of The Middle East: Second Edition / Edition 2

by Alan Richards, John Waterbury

Hardcover

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Overview

A Political Economy Of The Middle East: Second Edition / Edition 2

This integrated, analytic text presents a comprehensive analysis of the transformation of the political economy of the entire contemporary Middle East region over the past several decades. As did the first edition, this new edition, extensively rewritten and revised, stresses how different development strategies have contributed to the creation of powerful interests that now often block needed change. The book also retains its focus on the interaction of economic development processes, state systems, and social actors. The revisions not only include much new data and evidence but also take into account emerging issues, such as youth unemployment, impending water shortages, the experience with structural adjustment, pressures for democratization, and the rise of political Islam. The authors also give special attention to the impact of such recent international events as the collapse of the oil boom, the end of the Cold War, and Operation Desert Storm.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813324104
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 09/12/1996
Pages: 464
Product dimensions: 6.43(w) x 9.52(h) x 1.47(d)

About the Author

Alan Richards is professor of economics at the University of California at Santa Cruz. John Waterbury is William Stewart Tod Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University. Alan Richards is professor of economics at the University of California at Santa Cruz. John Waterbury is William Stewart Tod Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University.

Table of Contents


Illustrations     ix
Preface to the Third Edition     xiii
Acronyms and Abbreviations     xvii
Introduction     1
Notes     6
The Framework of the Study     7
Economic Growth and Structural Transformation     9
State Structure and Development Policy     20
Social Actors     35
Structural Transformation and Interest Formation     36
Defensive Modernization and Colonial Transformation     39
Conclusion     42
Notes     42
Economic Growth and Structural Change     44
The Natural Resource Base     46
Oil Supply, Demand, and Economic Rents     50
Patterns of Economic Growth     57
Conclusion     65
Notes     69
The Impact of Demographic Change     71
Comparative Demographic Patterns     72
The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change     84
The Politics of Young Populations     89
The Politics of Differential Fertility     90
Rapid Population Growth and the Would-Be Middle Class     94
Conclusion     96
Notes     97
Human Capital: Health,Education, and Labor Markets     98
Health Conditions     99
Educational Systems     112
Labor Markets     133
Conclusion     141
Notes     142
Water and Food Security     144
The Food Gap     147
Policy Constraints to Output Growth     156
Water and the Imperative of a New Food Security Strategy     165
Conclusion     176
Notes     177
The Emergence of the Public Sector     179
The State as Architect of Structural Transformation     180
Ataturk and the Turkish Paradigm     181
Replicating the Paradigm     185
State Capitalism, the State Bourgeoisie, and the Process of Accumulation     206
Notes     209
Contradictions of State-Led Growth     211
The Continued Dominance of Public-Sector Enterprise     215
The Political Economy of "Structural Adjustment,"     218
Notes     227
Re-Mixing Market and State: The Uncertain Career of the "Washington Consensus"     228
A Survey of Country Experiences     233
Conclusion     260
Notes     261
Urban Political Economy      264
The Process of Urbanization     268
Housing and Infrastructure     270
Poverty and Distribution of Income     274
Urban Politics and Political Violence     280
Notes     287
Political Regimes: As Viewed By Themselves and Others     289
Socialist Republics     291
"Liberal" Monarchies     311
Established and Would-Be Democracies     316
The Islamic Republics     320
Future Regimes: Some Speculations     322
Notes     324
Solidarism and Its Enemies     325
Small Groups and Clientelist Politics     326
The Failure of Parties     328
The Tenets of Solidarism     330
The Failure of Ideology     338
The Islamist Challenge     339
Democracy Without Democrats?     341
Conclusion     343
Notes     343
The Military and the State     344
The Military in Middle East Politics     344
Good Guys or Bad Guys?     348
The Economic Weight of the Military     349
The Military and Nation Building     357
The Regular Military and Civilians-in-Arms     358
Conclusion      360
Notes     361
Is Islam the Solution?     362
Preliminaries     362
Islamism as a Social Movement: Coalitions of Social Actors     365
Islamism as a Social Movement: Collective Action     368
Islamist Economic Thought and Practice     372
Islamists in Power     378
Conclusion     382
Notes     383
Regional Economic Integration and Labor Migration     385
Labor Migration: An Overview     388
The First Stream: To the European Union     389
The Second Stream: To the Gulf     390
The Impact of Labor Migration on Sending Countries     394
The Impact of Migration on Receiving Countries     402
Conclusion     405
Notes     405
Conclusion     407
References     415
Index     451

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