This book demonstrates the rich diversity and depth of political philosophy in the twentieth century. Catherine H. Zuckert has compiled a collection of essays recounting the lives of political theorists, connecting each biography with the theorist's life work and explaining the significance of the contribution to modern political thought. The essays are organized to highlight the major political alternatives and approaches. Beginning with essays on John Dewey, Carl Schmitt, and Antonio Gramsci, representing the three main political alternatives – liberal, fascist, and communist – at mid-century, the book proceeds to consider the lives and works of émigrés such as Hannah Arendt, Eric Voegelin, and Leo Strauss, who brought a continental perspective to the United States after World War II. The second half of the collection contains essays on recent defenders of liberalism, such as Friedrich Hayek, Isaiah Berlin, and John Rawls, and liberalism's many critics, including Michel Foucault, Jürgen Habermas, and Alasdair MacIntyre.
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)|
About the Author
Table of ContentsIntroduction Catherine H. Zuckert; Part I. The Three Basic Alternatives in the Early Twentieth Century: 1. John Dewey: philosophy as theory of education David Fott; 2. Carl Schmitt political theology and the concept of the political Tracy B. Strong; 3. Antonio Gramsci: liberation begins with critical thinking Joseph Buttigieg; Part II. Émigré Responses to World War II: 4. Philosophy as a way of life Steven B. Smith; 5. The philosopher's vocation: the Voegelinian paradigm Ellis Sandoz; 6. Yves R. Simon: a philosopher's quest for science and prudence Walter Nicgorski; 7. Hannah Arendt: from philosophy to politics Dana R. Villa; Part III. The Revival of Liberal Political Philosophy: 8. Friedrich Hayek on the nature of social order and law Eric Mack; 9. Michael Oakeshott: the philosophical skeptic in an impatient age Timothy Fuller; 10. Moral pluralism and liberal democracy: Isaiah Berlin's heterodox liberalism William Galston; 11. H. L. A. Hart: a twentieth-century Oxford political philosopher John M. Finnis; Part IV. Critiques of Liberalism: 14. Jean-Paul Sartre: 'in the soup' William Leon McBride; 15. Michel Foucault: an ethical politics of care of self and others Alan Milchman and Alan Rosenberg; 16. Jurgen Habermas: postwar German critical debates and the making of a theorist William E. Scheuerman; 17. Alasdair MacIntyre on political thinking and the tasks of politics Arthur Madigan, S. J.; 18. Another philosopher-citizen: the political philosophy of Charles Taylor Ruth Abbey.