The Political Psychology of Globalization: Muslims in the West

The Political Psychology of Globalization: Muslims in the West

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The Political Psychology of Globalization: Muslims in the West by Catarina Kinnvall, Paul Nesbitt-Larking

In an increasingly globalized world, there are new economic, strategic, cultural, and political forces at work. The Political Psychology of Globalization: Muslims in the West explores how these shifts and shocks have influenced the way in which Muslim minorities in western countries form their identities as political actors. Catarina Kinnvall and Paul Nesbitt-Larking uncover three identity strategies adopted by Muslims in the West: retreatism, essentialism, and engagement. Six western countries - Canada, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom - serve as places for exploration of the emergence of these Muslim political identities. These countries are discussed in light of their colonial histories, patterns of immigration, and citizenship regimes.

Although retreatism, essentialism, and engagement occur in Muslim citizens of each of the six western nations discussed in this book, the countries that are best able to balance individual and community rights are most successful in promoting the politics of engagement. In contrast, regimes that focus on anti-terrorist legislation and discourses, and support majority political cultures that are exclusionary, also promote retreatism and essentialist identity strategies in both minority and majority communities. The authors discuss the importance of a climate of engagement that is based on recognition, dialogue, deep multiculturalism, a new global and "cosmopolitical" consciousness, and a sense of political identity that transcends national boundaries and regimes.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199747542
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 07/29/2011
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Catarina Kinnvall is Professor in the Department of Political Science at Lund University in Sweden. She is also a former Vice President of the International Society of Political Psychology. Her research interests include political psychology, security, globalization, religion, and nationalism, with a particular focus on South Asia and Europe. She is the author of Globalization and Religious Nationalism in India: The Search for Ontological Security (Routledge), co-editor of On Behalf of Others: The Psychology of Care in a Global World (Oxford University Press), and author of numerous articles and book chapters.

Paul Nesbitt-Larking is Professor in the Department of Political Science at Huron University College in Canada. His work on power, discourse, and identity is situated within the research traditions of critical theory, political psychology, and political sociology. His publications include Politics, Society, and the Media, published by the University of Toronto Press, and over fifty scholarly articles and book chapters.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

1 Introduction 3

Identities, Discourses, and Multiculturalism: The Political Psychology of Diasporas and Postdiasporas 6

Cosmopolitical Considerations 10

A Brief Overview of the Book 12

Part I Theorizing Citizenship, Integration, and Identities in Multicultural Settings

2 Immigration and Citizenship Regimes in a Globalizing World 21

Patterns of Immigration to the West: From Decolonization to Deconstruction 22

Migrants, Diasporas, and Postdiasporas 26

Patterns of Immigration and Regimes of Citizenship in Six Western Countries 28

France 30

The Netherlands 31

The United Kingdom 34

Denmark 35

Sweden 38

Canada? 39

Silence and Invisibility: Muslim Immigrants in the West to the End of the Cold War 41

3 The Political Psychology of Integration and Assimilation 49

Assimilation or Dispersal? Dealing with the Stranger Within 56

Threats and the Postcolonial Order: The Emergence of "New Nationalism" 60

Religion, Fundamentalism, and Defensive Essentialism 63

The Heart of Darkness: Gender and the Veil 69

From Essentialism Toward a Politics of Engagement 73

4 Dialogism, Multicultiiralism, and Cosmopolitical Citizenship 75

The Meanings of Multiculturalism 75

The Politics of Dialogue 78

Beyond Cosmopolitanism: Postcolonialism and the Cosmopolitical Orientation 85

Danger and Opportunity: Living in a Global World 92

Part II Challenges and Identity Crises: Muslims in the West

5 The Politics of Retreatism 99

Retreatism as an Identity Strategy 100

France 100

The Netherlands 103

The United Kingdom 105

Denmark 109

Sweden 113

Canada 117

Conclusion 122

6 The Politics of Essentialism 123

Essentialism as an Identity Strategy 123

France 124

The Netherlands 128

The United Kingdom 132

Denmark 138

Sweden 146

Canada 153

Conclusion 157

7 The Politics of Engagement 160

Engagement as an Identity Strategy 160

France 161

The Netherlands 165

The United Kingdom 168

Denmark 171

Sweden 176

Canada 180

Conclusion: The Case for Engagement 185

8 Conclusion 187

References 197

Index 217

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