ISBN-10:
1137437278
ISBN-13:
9781137437273
Pub. Date:
03/06/2015
Publisher:
Macmillan Education UK
Political Theory: An Introduction / Edition 4

Political Theory: An Introduction / Edition 4

by Andrew Heywood

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Overview

Political Theory: An Introduction / Edition 4

Heywood (government and politics, Croydon College) offers an accessible introduction to political theory and the key concepts of political analysis. In each chapter, he discusses a cluster of interrelated terms, examining how they have been used by different thinkers and schools of thought. The book is designed to build understanding of both classical theories and also of contemporary debates and controversies. This third edition adds extended coverage of issues such as identity and difference, multiculturalism, globalization, and utopianism. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781137437273
Publisher: Macmillan Education UK
Publication date: 03/06/2015
Edition description: 4th ed. 2015
Pages: 440
Sales rank: 838,151
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Andrew Heywood is author of a range of best-selling student texts including Politics, Global Politics and Political Ideologies.

Table of Contents

Boxesxii
Prefacexv
1Introduction: Concepts and Theories in Politics1
Language and politics1
Understanding ideas and concepts3
Political science and political theory8
Political theory: problems and challenges10
Summary15
Further reading15
2Human Nature, the Individual and Society16
Human nature17
Nature versus nurture18
Intellect versus instinct21
Competition versus cooperation24
The individual27
Individualism27
Individual and community32
The individual in politics37
Society40
Collectivism41
Theories of society43
Social cleavages45
Summary49
Further reading50
3Politics, Government and the State51
Politics52
The art of government52
Public affairs55
Power and resources58
Government64
Why have government?65
Forms of government67
Political systems72
The state74
Government and the state74
Theories of state77
Role of the state84
Summary87
Further reading87
4Sovereignty, the Nation and Supranationalism89
Sovereignty90
Legal and political sovereignty90
Internal sovereignty92
External sovereignty95
The nation97
Cultural and political nations98
Nationalism and cosmopolitanism101
A future for the nation-state?106
Supranationalism109
Intergovernmentalism110
Federalism and federations114
Prospects of world government116
Summary120
Further reading120
5Power, Authority and Legitimacy122
Power123
Decision-making124
Agenda-setting126
Thought control128
Authority130
Power and authority131
Kinds of authority133
Defenders and detractors137
Legitimacy141
Constitutionalism and consent143
Ideological hegemony145
Legitimation crises147
Summary150
Further reading151
6Law, Order and Justice152
Law152
The rule of law153
Natural and positive law156
Law and liberty159
Order162
Discipline and control163
Natural harmony167
Justifying punishment171
Justice175
Procedural justice176
Substantive justice178
Justifying law-breaking?181
Summary185
Further reading186
7Rights, Obligations and Citizenship187
Rights188
Legal and moral rights188
Human rights191
Animal and other rights?195
Obligations200
Contractual obligations201
Natural duty203
Limits of political obligation205
Citizenship207
Elements of citizenship210
Social citizenship213
Active citizenship215
Summary218
Further reading219
8Democracy, Representation and the Public Interest220
Democracy221
Direct and indirect democracy224
Liberal democracy226
Virtues and vices of democracy229
Representation233
Representatives or delegates?234
Elections and mandates236
Characteristic representation238
The public interest241
Private and public interests241
Is there a public interest?244
Dilemmas of democracy248
Summary252
Further reading252
9Freedom, Toleration and Liberation253
Freedom254
Liberty and licence255
Negative freedom259
Positive freedom261
Toleration265
Toleration and permissiveness265
The case for toleration268
Limits of toleration270
Liberation273
National liberation274
Sexual liberation276
Politics of liberation279
Summary283
Further reading284
10Equality, Social Justice and Welfare285
Equality286
Formal equality287
Equality of opportunity290
Equality of outcome293
Social justice295
According to needs296
According to rights300
According to deserts302
Welfare304
Welfare and poverty305
In praise of welfare308
Welfare under attack311
Summary316
Further reading317
11Property, Planning and the Market318
Property319
Private property319
Common property323
State property325
Planning327
The planning process327
Promise of planning330
Perils of planning332
The market335
The market mechanism336
Miracle of the market338
Market failures343
Summary346
Further reading346
12Reaction, Reform and Revolution348
Reaction349
Defending the status quo349
Reclaiming the past351
Change in order to conserve354
Reform356
Progress and reason357
Reform versus revolution359
The march of history halted?364
Revolution366
Political revolution369
Social revolution372
Cultural revolution375
Summary377
Further reading378
Bibliography379
Index392

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

Reviews of previous edition:

'Here is a marvellous introductory tour through the territory of political theory… Heywood has charted the area so clearly and matched his lucid thinking with such accessible prose that his guided tour is a tour de force, an ideal primer for new students of politics at both advanced and university level.' - Jessica Sarago, Times Educational Supplement

'[A] lucid and highly engaging introduction to political theory. Heywood covers a large range of ideas and issues and he is particularly good at taking a synoptic view of these and making them accessible for those coming to political theory for the first time. No matter how high the ideal or how abstract the concept, he never fails to make it intelligible and to illustrate its relevance for the real world of politics.' - Peter Jones, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

'This is a fascinating and highly informative text which is clearly organised and written with wonderful clarity. Heywood conveys not only his undoubted expertise but also his enthusiasm for the subject.' - Peter Dorey, Talking Politics

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