In Politics and Piety: The Protestant 'Awakening' in Prussia, 1816-1856, David L. Ellis analyzes the connections between political conservatism and Prussia’s neo-Pietist religious revival, especially in Brandenburg and Pomerania, in the years surrounding the revolution of 1848. Awakened conservatives waged a cultural struggle against political and religious liberalism, impacting the state church, the outcome of the revolution, and Prussia’s controversial neutrality in the Crimean War. Awakened leaders, in their effort to recover and adapt a pre-Napoleonic order, ironically modernized conservatism with individualistic rhetoric, widely circulated newspapers, and political organization.
About the Author
David L. Ellis, Ph.D. (2002), University of Chicago, is Professor of History at Augustana College. He serves on the Board of the Consortium on the Revolutionary Era and presents here a monograph on neo-Pietist revival in Prussia, 1816-1856.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements Introduction ProblematicsCommon Characteristics of the Transatlantic AwakeningVariations of the German AwakeningCircumspection and Methodological ChoicesAgony and Ecstasy in Prussia’s HeartlandTying Together Politics and Religion Chapter OutlineChapter One: Revival, Quietism, and Change The Stirring of Revival among Elites in BerlinHabitus and Social ReproductionPlacing the Awakening in the Context of Prussia’s Sociopolitical Order and Church AffairsConventicles in Action in Brandenburg and PomeraniaThe Reform of Conventicle Policies Chapter Two: Sects and Violence: The Politicization of the Awakening Awakened Journalism The 1830 Revolution and the “Denunciation of Halle”The Berliner Politisches Wochenblatt and the Cologne ControversyChapter Three: The Failure of Reform The Failure of Reform in Church Governance and Politics before 1848Bethmann-Hollweg and the BurgfriedenThe Stillborn United DietChapter Four: Opposition to Revolution as Cultural Warfare Locating the Prussian Revolution in German and Transnational ContextsInitial Awakened Responses to the RevolutionThe Use and Abuse of CulturePremodern and Modern Responses of the Awakened by July 1848The CamarillaThe Octroyed Constitution of 1848Chapter Five: Church Renewal The Wittenberg Church Congress of 1848 and the Foundation of the Internal MissionSelected Constitutional Changes in the Role of the Church(es) Chapter Six: The Debilitating Successes of Ständisch Structural Changes The Gemeindeordnung ControversyOrganizing the First Chamber, Part I (1848 and 1850)From the Erfurt Union to the Olmütz AgreementThe Provincial Estates and the Foundation of the Preußische WochenblattFoundational Principles of the WochenblattRevising the First Chamber, Part II Chapter Seven: The Rhetorical War over the Crimean War I. Framing the Crimean WarII. Realism and Idealism in 19th -Century Prussia?III. Keeping the Dogs of War LeashedIV. The Centrality and Fragility of the Holy AllianceConclusion Bibliography Index