Collaborative effort by a number of the world's leading experts on the Holocaust. Lively, but not sensationalistic, this book is balanced but on the cutting edge of one of the most important debates in this field: how should Vatican policies during World War II be understood? Specifically, could Pope Pius XII have curbed the Holocaust by vigorously condemning the Nazi killing of Jews? Was Pius XII really 'Hitler's Pope', as John Cornwell's provocative book recently suggested? Or has he unfairly become a scapegoat when he is really deserving of canonization as a Roman Catholic saint instead? In Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust, well-informed scholarsincluding Michael Marrus, Michael Phayer, Richard L. Rubenstein and Susan Zuccottiwrestle with these questions. The book has four main themes: (1) Pope Pius XII must be understood in his particular historical context. (2) Pope Pius XII put the well-being of the Roman Catholic Churchas he understood that well-beingfirst and foremost. (3) In retrospect, Pope Pius XII's prioritiesunderstandable though they arenot only make him a problematic Christian leader but also raise important questions about post-Holocaust Christian identity. (4) Jewish and Christian memories of the Holocaust will remain different, but reconciliation can continue to grow. On all sides, relations between Christians and Jews can be improved by an honest facing of history and by continuing reflection about what post-Holocaust Christian and Jewish identities oughtand ought notto mean.
About the Author
John K. Roth is Edward J. Sexton Professor of Philosophy and the Director of the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights at Claremont McKenna College, and the author ofHolocaust Politics: Will Genocide Ever End? and Approaches to Auschwitz: The Holocaust and its Legacy.
Table of Contents
Introduction - Carol Rittner and John K. Roth Part I: Historical Context 1. The Role of the Holy See during the Holocaust - Michael Marrus (University of Toronto) 2. What is Known Today? - Eugene R. Fisher (interpreter of Jewish-Christian Relations) 3. Reflections on Pope Pius XII - John T. Pawlikowski 4. Questions Concerning Pope Pius XII - Eva Fleischner (scholar in Catholic-Jewish relations) 5. Same Facts, Different Interpretations - Albert H. Friedlander Part II: The Ethics of Vatican Policy 6. Ethical and Unethical Papal Policy - Michael Phayer (Marqette University) 7. Pope Pius XII: A Reappraisal - Sergio Minerbi (scholar-diplomat, Israel) 8. Hungary 1944: Pope Pius XII and Vatican Policy - John F.l Morley (Seton Hall University) 9. Pope Pius XII and the Rescue of Jews during the Holocaust: Challenging Unfounded Assertions - Susan Zuccotti Part II: Religious Responsibilities 10. Pope Pius XII: the Issue of Religious Limitation - Gershon Greenberg (American University, Washington DC.) 11. 'High Ideals' and 'Innocuous Reaction': An American Protestant Reflects on ope Pius XII and the Holocaust - John K. Roth 12. Pope Pius XII and the Shoah - Richard L. Rubenstein 13. Some Thoughts on Pius XII and the Holocaust - Doris L. Bergen (University of Notre Dame) Postscript - Carol Rittner and John K. Roth