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Post-Bellum, Pre-Harlem: African American Literature and Culture, 1877-1919
     

Post-Bellum, Pre-Harlem: African American Literature and Culture, 1877-1919

by Barbara McCaskill
 

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ISBN-10: 0814731686

ISBN-13: 2900814731689

Pub. Date: 06/01/2006

Publisher: New York University Press

"This is a vital reappraisal. These essays compellingly return to the often-neglected period known in African American history as 'The Nadir' to ensure that it will never again be seen as a cultural disappointment."--Carla Kaplan, author of Zora Neale Hurston: A Life in Letters

The years between the collapse of Reconstruction and the end of World War I mark a

Overview

"This is a vital reappraisal. These essays compellingly return to the often-neglected period known in African American history as 'The Nadir' to ensure that it will never again be seen as a cultural disappointment."--Carla Kaplan, author of Zora Neale Hurston: A Life in Letters

The years between the collapse of Reconstruction and the end of World War I mark a pivotal moment in African American cultural production. Christened the "Post-Bellum-Pre-Harlem" era by the novelist Charles Chesnutt, these years look back to the antislavery movement and forward to the artistic flowering and racial self-consciousness of the Harlem Renaissance.

Post-Bellum, Pre-Harlem offers fresh perspectives on the literary and cultural achievements of African American men and women during this critically neglected, though vitally important, period of our nation's past. Using a wide range of disciplinary approaches, the sixteen scholars gathered here offer both a reappraisal and celebration of African American cultural production during these influential decades. Alongside discussions of political and artistic icons such as Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, Henry Ossawa Tanner, and James Weldon Johnson are essays revaluing figures such as the writers Paul and Alice Dunbar-Nelson, the New England painter Edward Mitchell Bannister, and Georgia-based activists Lucy Craft Laney and Emmanuel King Love.

Contributors explore an array of forms from fine art to anti-lynching drama, from sermons to ragtime and blues, and from dialect pieces and early black musical theater to serious fiction.

Contributors include: Frances Smith Foster, Carla L. Peterson, Gwendolyn DuBois Shaw, Audrey Thomas McCluskey, Barbara Ryan, Robert M. Dowling, Barbara A. Baker, Paula Bernat Bennett, Philip J. Kowalski, Nikki L. Brown, Koritha A. Mitchell, Margaret Crumpton Winter, Rhonda Reymond, and Andrew J. Scheiber.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900814731689
Publisher:
New York University Press
Publication date:
06/01/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
298

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsxi
Introduction1
Part IReimagining the Past
1Creative Collaboration: As African American as Sweet Potato Pie17
2Commemorative Ceremonies and Invented Traditions: History, Memory, and Modernity in the "New Negro" Novel of the Nadir34
Part IIMeeting Freedom: Self-Invention, Artistic Innovation, and Race Progress (1870s-1880s)
3Landscapes of Labor: Race, Religion, and Rhode Island in the Painting of Edward Mitchell Bannister59
4"Manly Husbands and Womanly Wives": The Leadership of Educator Lucy Craft Laney74
5Old and New Issue Servants: "Race" Men and Women Weigh In89
6Savannah's Colored Tribune, the Reverend E. K. Love, and the Sacred Rebellion of Uplift101
Part IIIEncountering Jim Crow: African American Literature and the Mainstream (1890s)
7A Marginal Man in Black Bohemia: James Weldon Johnson in the New York Tenderloin117
8Jamming with Julius: Charles Chesnutt and the Post-Bellum-Pre-Harlem Blues133
9Rewriting Dunbar: Realism, Black Women Poets, and the Genteel146
10Inventing a "Negro Literature": Race, Dialect, and Gender in the Early Work of Paul Laurence Dunbar, James Weldon Johnson, and Alice Dunbar-Nelson162
Part IVTurning the Century: New Political, Cultural, and Personal Aesthetics (1900-1917)
11No Excuses for Our Dirt: Booker T. Washington and a "New Negro" Middle Class181
12War Work, Social Work, Community Work: Alice Dunbar-Nelson, Federal War Work Agencies, and Southern African American Women197
13Antilynching Plays: Angelina Weld Grimke, Alice Dunbar-Nelson, and the Evolution of African American Drama210
14Henry Ossawa Tanner and W. E. B. Du Bois: African American Art and "High Culture" at the Turn into the Twentieth Century231
15The Folk, the School, and the Marketplace: Locations of Culture in The Souls of Black Folk250
Topical List of Selected Works269
About the Contributors281
Index285

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