The study of psychology for the uses of the state, for industrial/labor purposes, for dealing with individual and ethnic tensions has a long history in Russia. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russian psychologists and scholars of the discipline from outside Russia have had the opportunity to reexamine the directions the discipline took as well as the directions likely to result from the new academic and political environments. This volume brings together many of the leading figures in contemporary Russian psychology, who show how the discipline got to where it is and examine what may result in the future.
The volume begins with essays examining historical background; next the writers look at the period from 1985-1994 and its impact on research opportunities. This discussion is followed by a review of the major theoretical viewpoints and issues in contemporary Russian psychology. By bringing together many of the leading figures in Russian psychology, readers and researchers in psychology have a unique insight into the state of the discipline and its likely future directions.
About the Author
VERA A. KOLTSOVA is Head of the Laboratory of the History of Psychology and Historical Psychology of the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
YURI N. OLEINIK is Dean of the faculty of psychology of the Youth Institute in Moscow and senior scientist of the Laboratory of the History of Psychology and Historical Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences.
ALBERT R. GILGEN is Professor of Psychology at the University of Northern Iowa and a Fellow of the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, and the American Association of Applied and Preventative Psychology. His most recent book is Chaos Theory in Psychology coedited with Frederick David Abraham (Greenwood Press, 1995).
CAROL K. GILGEN has a background in Russian and political science./e She is the coeditor, with her husband Albert Gilgen, of the International Handbook of Psychology (Greenwood Press, 1987).
Table of Contents
Historical Background, Analytical Overview and Glossary by Albert R. Gilgen and Carol K. Gilgen
Russian Psychology at Present by Yuri Oleinik
Ideological and Scientific Discourse in Soviet Psychological Science by Vera Koltsova
Social Utopias and Knowledge Construction in Psychology by Jaan Valsiner
Societal Changes and Psychological Theory: The Russian Case by Antti Eskola and Klaus Weckroth
Perspectives Focused on the 1985-1994 Period
Soviet Psychology, Perestroika, and the Human Factor: 1985-1991 by Richard E. Rawles
Understanding the Other Order of Things by Natsha E. Filatova
The Institute of Psychology Revisited by David I. Bishop and Robert L. Solso
The American Psychological Association's Initiatives in the Former Soviet Republic of Russia: Where Do We Go from Here? by Dennis Nissim-Sabat
Russian Psychology and the "New Capitalism" by Robert L. Solso
Major Theoretical Viewpoints and Issues: Vygotsky, Rubinstein, Leontiev and Others
Marxism in Soviet Psychology: The Social Role of Russian Science by M. G. Yaroshevsky
Theory in Soviet Psychology: Major Dynamics by Ksenija Alexandrovna Abulkhanova-Slavskaya and Andrei Vladimirovich Brushlinsky
A Chinese Perspective on Leontiev's Theory of Personality by Ye Hao Sheng
The Crisis in Psychology and its Russian Dimensions by Dimitar D. Vasilev
Of Russians and Russia by Karl H. Pribram
The Reflection of Soviet Psychology in East German Psychological Practice by William R. Woodward and Steven C. Clark
Perspectives on Specific Fields or Areas of Psychology
Comments on the History of Psychoanalysis in Russia by B. Tugaybayeva
A Social History of Russian Industrial Psychology in the 1920s and 1930s by O. G. Noskova
Ethnic Psychology in Soviet Russia by Arkadi Medvedev
Is There a Comparative Psychology in the Future of the Former Member Nations of the USSR? by Ethel Tobach