We initiated research studies on the postharvest physiology of cut flowers almost 20 years ago, when the floriculture industry in Poland began to grow. At that time, like most flower growers in our country, we discovered cut flowers preserve their good appearance longer if kept in a vase with water rather than in dry storage. We then began intensive reading of various horticultural and other specialty journals, and we learned that many scientists had made the same dis covery long before and had gone even further, showing that sucrose and certain chemicals added to the vase water prolong the vase life of flowers much better than water alone. In the meantime, we learned that in the Netherlands, the United States, Israel, and elsewhere, great progress has been made in the postharvest treatment of flowers through the use of floral preserva tives; grading, packing, and transportation procedures; and the organization of trade. In all these countries, researchers generously offered their information to growers, wholesalers, florists, and indi vidual flower lovers eager to improve flower quality and keepability. We collected much of the practical information from various countries with the intention of using it in research projects con cerning the postharvest physiology of floricultural commodities.
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1990|
|Product dimensions:||5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.02(d)|
Table of ContentsPreface.- I Evaluation and Grading.- Cut Flowers.- ECE Standards.- Uni-floral Carnations. Multi-floral Carnations. Roses. Chrysanthemums. Mimosa. Cut Foliage.- U.S. Standards.- Postharvest Life.- Need for Uniform Standards.- Potted Plants.- II Growing Conditions and Longevity.- Cut Flowers.- Variations Among Cultivated Plants.- Light.- Temperature.- Fertilization.- Watering.- Humidity.- Control of Pests and Diseases.- Air Pollution and Sanitation.- Stage of Flower Development at Harvest.- Time of Harvest.- Mode of Harvest.- Temperature After Harvest.- Humidity After Harvest.- Light.- Ethylene.- Ethylene Production by Flowers. Flower Sensitivity to Ethylene. Prevention of Damage Caused by Ethylene. Measuring Ethylene in the Atmosphere.- Pre-marketing Treatments.- Main Components of Floral Preservatives.- Germicides. Growth Regulators. Other Life-Extending Compounds.- Water Quality.- Methods of Treatment After Harvest.- Conditioning or Hardening. Impregnation. Pulsing or Loading. STS Pulsing. Bud Opening.- Potted Plants.- Growing Conditions and Acclimatization.- Light. Temperature. Mineral Nutrition. Watering. Humidity. Potting Media and Pots. Pest and Disease Control. Ethylene.- Harvesting.- Pre-marketing Treatments.- III Storage.- Cut Flowers and Herbaceous Cuttings.- Quality of Plant Material.- Temperature.- Air Humidity.- Light.- Ethylene.- Air Circulation.- Normal Refrigerated Storage.- Dry Storage. Wet Storage.- Controlled Atmosphere Storage (CA).- Low Pressure Storage (LPS).- Control of Pests and Diseases.- Sanitation and Air Purification.- Potted Plants.- IV Transport.- Cut Flowers.- Quality of Plant Material.- Chemical Treatments Before and After Transport.- Packaging.- Temperature.- Humidity.- Light.- Ethylene.- Truck Shipment.- Air Shipment.- Sea Shipment.- Potted Plants.- Quality of Plant Material.- Chemical Treatments Before Shipment.- Packaging.- Temperature.- Humidity.- Light.- Ethylene.- V Retail Florist Care and Handling.- Cut Flowers.- Unpacking and Reconditioning.- Floral Preservatives.- Temperature.- Humidity.- Light.- Ethylene.- Potted Plants.- Temperature.- Humidity.- Light.- Watering.- Fertilization.- Ethylene.- VI Care of Flowers and Potted Plants in the Home.- Cut Flowers.- Cutting and Conditioning.- Floral Preservatives.- Temperature.- Light.- Humidity.- Ethylene.- Potted Plants.- Temperature.- Light.- Humidity.- Watering.- Fertilization.- Ethylene.- Growing Medium.- Transplanting.- Sanitation and Pest Control.- VII Guidelines for Particular Plant Species.- Cut Flowers and Florist Greens.- Potted Plants.- References.