Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality

Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality

by Barbara Vetter

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Overview

Individual objects have potentials: paper has the potential to burn, an acorn has the potential to turn into a tree, some people have the potential to run a mile in less than four minutes. Barbara Vetter provides a systematic investigation into the metaphysics of such potentials, and an account of metaphysical modality based on them.

In contemporary philosophy, potentials have been recognized mostly in the form of so-called dispositions: solubility, fragility, and so on. Vetter takes dispositions as her starting point, but argues for and develops a more comprehensive conception of potentiality. She shows how, with this more comprehensive conception, an account of metaphysical modality can be given that meets three crucial requirements: (1) Extensional correctness: providing the right truth-values for statements of possibility and necessity; (2) formal adequacy: providing the right logic for metaphysical modality; and (3) semantic utility: providing a semantics that links ordinary modal language to the metaphysics of modality.

The resulting view of modality is a version of dispositionalism about modality: it takes modality to be a matter of the dispositions of individual objects (and, crucially, not of possible worlds). This approach has a long philosophical tradition going back to Aristotle, but has been largely neglected in contemporary philosophy. In recent years, it has become a live option again due to the rise of anti-Humean, powers-based metaphysics. The aim of Potentiality and Possibility is to develop the dispositionalist view in a way that takes account of contemporary developments in metaphysics, logic, and semantics.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780198825869
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 11/30/2018
Series: Oxford Philosophical Monographs Series
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 352
Product dimensions: 9.20(w) x 6.10(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Barbara Vetter, Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin

Barbara Vetter has a BPhil and a DPhil in Philosophy from the University of Oxford and is now a junior professor for theoretical philosophy at Humboldt-University, Berlin.

Table of Contents

1. The Project
2. Dispositions: against the standard conception
3. Dispositions: an alternative conception
4. Varieties of potentiality
5. Formalizing potentiality
6. Possibility: metaphysics and semantics
7. Objections
A. Formal adequacy
Bibliography
Index

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