ARE YOU READY TO PASS THE PRAXIS?
THEN USE THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE ON THE MARKET TODAY.
PRAXIS II ParaPro Assessment (0755 & 1755)
The Most Complete Subject Review:
Everything you need to know for the PRAXIS II ParaPro Assessment (0755 & 1755) exam, prepared by leading teacher education specialists. Comprehensive review chapters cover all the subjects and skills tested on the exam.
The Best Practice Exams Available:
2 full-length practice exams based on the official PRAXIS test – balanced to include every topic and type of question you can expect on the actual PRAXIS II ParaPro Assessment exam.
Total Explanations of Questions & Answers:
Each PRAXIS II ParaPro practice test comes with detailed feedback on every question. We don’t just say which answers are right – but explain why the others are wrong, so you’ll be prepared on test day!
Proven Test Prep Methods:
REA’s focused PRAXIS II ParaPro Assessment content and practical advice has helped millions succeed on their exams. With our step-by-step study plan, you can score high on the PRAXIS and get certified to teach!
Federal Guidelines for NCLB Compliance:
You can expect that candidates with NCLB-compliant credentials will enjoy preferential status in hiring. This means you need to pass the PRAXIS Assessments. Maximize your exam performance and master the PRAXIS Assessments with the unrivaled certification expertise that only REA can offer.
Get the World’s Most Advanced PRAXIS Software:
REA’s PRAXIS II ParaPro TestWare combines a realistic test environment with the most powerful scoring analysis and diagnostic tools available. With every practice test you take, you’ll gain knowledge and confidence for the real exam. Automatic scoring and instant reports help you zero in on the topics and types of questions that give you trouble now, so you’ll succeed on the exam!
About the Author
About the Authors
Mel H. Friedman, M.S. has a diversified background in mathematics and has developed test items for Educational Testing Service. His teaching experience is at both the high school and college levels.
Rena Grasso, Ph.D. has taught Writing at all levels (first-year to graduate school) at various colleges and universities for more than twenty-five years. In addition, she is currently tutoring students (middle school through high school) as well as adults, including both native speakers and ESL professionals seeking to improve both work related writing and to pass the TOEFL exams. Dr. Grasso’s experience includes professional grant writing and a range of technical and business writing formats. She has also written essays and articles on history, the arts, and political topics as well as reports and
policy studies on educational issues. Rena Grasso holds an M.A. in Language Studies from Boston University and a Ph.D. from SUNY/Buff alo in Literature and Psychoanalytic Psychology.
Carol Hunter, M.A. is a former History and English teacher, staff developer, literacy resource teacher, and consultant in Albuquerque and San Diego City Schools. She also taught at The University of New Mexico, Chapman University, The College of Santa Fe, and Santa Fe Community College. She has an undergraduate degree in liberal arts, and an M.A. in History from The University of New Mexico. While working for San Diego City Schools, she received a Peer Coach Certificate from San Diego State University.
Laura Meiselman, M.S. has taught math to both regular and special education students in public and independent schools in New York for over 15 years. She has two master’s degrees from Bank Street College of Education, one in Special Education and one in Math Leadership. She is the author of two books: Tic Tac Math: Grades 58 and What’s Your Angle? And 9 More Math Games, published by Scholastic, Inc. She lives in the Hudson Valley with her daughter. When she’s not doing curriculum writing or test preparation work, Laura can be found doing yoga, taking cooking classes, or reading.
Read an Excerpt
ABOUT THIS BOOK AND TestWare®
If you’re looking to secure certification as a paraprofessional many states require the Praxis II ParaPro Assessment. Think of this book and the accompanying TestWare® as your toolkit to pass the test. It will help take the mystery and anxiety out of the testing process by equipping you not only with the nuts and bolts, but also, ultimately, with the confidence to succeed alongside your peers across the United States.
We at REA have put a lot of thought into this, and the result is a book that pulls together all the critical information you need to know to pass the test. Let us help you fill in the blanksliterally and figuratively! We will provide you with the touchstones that will allow you to do your very best come test day and beyond.
In this guide, REA offers our customary in-depth, up-to-date, objective coverage, with test-specific modules devoted to targeted review and realistic practice exams, in printed form and on the enclosed TestWare® on CD, complete with the kind of detail that makes a difference when you’re coming down the homestretch in your preparation. We also include a quick-view answer key and competency-categorized progress chart to enable you to pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses.
We strongly recommend that you begin your preparation with the TestWare® tests, which provide timed conditions and instantaneous, accurate scoring.
PRAXIS PARAPRO ASSESSMENT
ABOUT THE PRAXIS SERIES
Praxis is Educational Testing Service’s (ETS) shorthand for Professional Assessments for Beginning Teachers. The Praxis Series is a group of teacher licensing tests that ETS developed in concert with states across the nation. There are three categories of tests in the series: Praxis I, Praxis II, and Praxis III. Praxis I includes the paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) and the Praxis I Computer-Based Tests (CBT). Both versions cover essentially the same subject matter. These exams measure basic reading, mathematics, and writing skills and are often a requirement for admission to a teacher education program.
Praxis II embraces Subject Assessment/Specialty Area Tests, of which the Praxis II ParaPro Assessment is a part. Most Praxis II examinations cover the subject matter that students typically study in teacher education courses such as language acquisition, school curriculum, methods of teaching, and other professional development courses. However, the Praxis II ParaPro Assessment is expressly for prospective and practicing paraprofessionals; it measures both skills and knowledge in reading, mathematics, and writing as well as the ability to apply those skills to the classroom.
Praxis III is different from the multiple-choice and essay tests typically used for assessment purposes. With this assessment, ETS-trained observers evaluate an instructor’s performance in the classroom, using nationally validated criteria. The observers may videotape the lesson, and other teaching experts may critique the resulting tapes.
Who Takes the Test?
Thirty-five states require the Praxis II ParaPro Assessment, which fulfills the mandate of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). In order for a person to qualify as a paraprofessional, one must:
1. complete two years of study at an institution of higher education; or
2. obtain an associate’s (or higher) degree; or
3. meet a rigorous standard of quality and be able to demonstrate, through a formal State or local academic assessment, knowledge of and the ability to assist in instructing reading, writing, and mathematics (or, as appropriate, reading readiness, writing readiness, and mathematics
When and Where Can I Take the Test?
ETS offers the Praxis II ParaPro Assessment paper-based test four times a year. The paper-based test requires pre-registration. The Internet-based test does not require preregistration but is administered only in participating school districts throughout the year. Contact your district’s administrative office for availability in your area.
How Do I Get More Information on the ETS Praxis Exams?
To receive information on upcoming administrations of any of the Praxis II Subject Assessments, consult the ETS registration bulletin or website, or contact ETS at:
Educational Testing Service
Teaching and Learning Division
P.O. Box 6051
Princeton, NJ 08541-6051
Phone: (609) 771-7395
Special accommodations are available for candidates who are visually impaired, hearing impaired, physically disabled, or specific learning disabled. For questions concerning disability services, contact:
ETS Disability Services: (609) 771-7780
TTY only: (609) 771-7714
Provisions are also available for examinees whose primary language is not English. The ETS registration bulletin and website include directions for those requesting such accommodations. You can also consult ETS with regard to available test sites; reporting test scores; requesting changes in tests, centers, and dates of test; purchasing additional score reports; retaking tests; and other basic facts.
Table of Contents
About this Book and TestWare®
About the Praxis Series
How to Use this Book and TestWare®
Format of the Test
Studying for the Test
The Day of the Test
READING: SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE
Reading as a Contact Sport
The Role of the ParaProfessional
Foundations of Reading/Word Study
APPLICATION OF READING SKILLS TO THE CLASSROOM
Word Study and Language Acquisition
Teaching the Strategies
MATHEMATICS: SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE
Number Sense and Basic Algebra
Numbers in Different Forms
Order of Operations
MATHEMATICS: APPLICATION OF SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE
TO THE CLASSROOM
WRITING SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE
Eight Parts of Speech
Punctuation, Mechanics, and Usage
Commonly Misused Words and Phrases
APPLICATION OF WRITING SKILLS TO THE CLASSROOM
Developing Writing Skills
More Basics of Effective Writing
Stages of Writing: The Framework
Research Methods and Material
PRACTICE TEST 1
PRACTICE TEST 2
INSTALLING REA’S TESTWARE®