A neglected field of study, the problems of science advising from the presidency's standpoint form the background for this Miller Center discussion. Practitioners and observers of different areas of competence and concerns were brought together to consider the role of the president's science adviser, who that adviser should be, the requirements for such an official's success, and the adviser's relations to the multiple constituencies served. The group unanimously agreed that science advising is a vital and misunderstood aspect of the American presidency that needs the type of study that this volume provides. Participants included Philip M. Smith, Ted Greenwood, Norman Ramsey and David Billington. Co-published with the Miller Center of Public Affairs.