Preventing Violent Conflict in Africa: Inequalities, Perceptions and Institutions

Preventing Violent Conflict in Africa: Inequalities, Perceptions and Institutions

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Horizontal inequalities are root causes of violent conflict in Africa. Yet, people take actions not because of statistical data on inequalities, of which they might not be aware, but because of injustices they perceive. This volume analyses the results of original surveys with over 3,000 respondents in African cities and towns, exposing clear discrepancies between objective inequalities and people's subjective perceptions. The contributors examine experiences in country pairs and probe into the reasons why neighbouring countries, sharing common historical traits, sometimes took contrasting pathways of peace and violent conflict. Combining quantitative analysis and qualitative anatomy of historical experiences of conflict and reconciliation in Rwanda, Burundi, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya and Nigeria, the study brings forward a set of policy recommendations for development practitioners. This work further addresses the issue of institutional choice and reveals how sustainable power-sharing and decentralisation contribute to political stability in Africa.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781349460687
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan UK
Publication date: 01/01/2013
Series: Conflict, Inequality and Ethnicity
Edition description: 1st ed. 2013
Pages: 325
Product dimensions: 5.51(w) x 8.50(h) x (d)

About the Author

Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, The New School, USA
Mari Katayanagi, JICA Research Institute, Japan
Mwangi S. Kimenyi,The Brookings Institution, USA
Arnim Langer, University of Leuven, Belgium
Satoru Mikami, JICA Research Institute, Japan
Yoichi Mine, Doshisha University, Japan
Thandika Mkandawire, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
Julius E. Nyang'oro, University of North Carolina, USA
Yuichi Sasaoka, Meiji University, Japan
Frances Stewart, University of Oxford, UK
Shinichi Takeuchi, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan
Ukoha Ukiwo, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Table of Contents

Foreword; Sadako Ogata 1. Introduction: Disentangling the Linkages between Horizontal Inequalities and Political Institutions; Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Arnim Langer and Yoichi Mine 2. Comparing Political Institutions: Institutional Choice and Conflict Prevention in Africa; Yoichi Mine, Mari Katayanagi and Satoru Mikami 3. 'Twin Countries' with Contrasting Institutions: Post-Conflict State-Building in Rwanda and Burundi; Shinichi Takeuchi 4. Horizontal Inequalities, Ethnic Politics, and Violent Conflict: The Contrasting Experiences of Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire; Arnim Langer 5. Beyond Ad hoc Power-Sharing: Comparing South Africa and Zimbabwe; Yoichi Mine 6. Is Ethnic Autonomy Compatible with a Unitary State? The Case of Uganda and Tanzania; Yuichi Sasaoka and Julius E. Nyang'oro 7. The Politics of Identity, Horizontal Inequalities, and Conflict in Kenya; Mwangi S. Kimenyi 8. Managing Horizontal Inequalities and Violent Conflicts in Nigeria; Ukoha Ukiwo 9. The Relationship between Objective and Subjective Horizontal Inequalities: Evidence from Five African Countries; Arnim Langer and Satoru Mikami 10. Findings and Implications: The Role of Development Cooperation; Frances Stewart, Thandika Mkandawire and Mari Katayanagi

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