The United States faces an increasingly turbulent world. The risk of violent conflict and other threats to international order presents a vexing dilemma: should the United States remain the principal guarantor of global peace and security with all its considerable commitments and potential pitfalls––not least new and costly military entanglements––that over time diminish its capacity and commitment to play this vital role or, alternatively, should it pull back from the world in the interests of conserving U.S. power, but at the possible cost of even greater threats emerging in the future?
Paul B. Stares proposes an innovative and timely strategy—“preventive engagement”—to resolve America’s predicament. This approach entails pursuing three complementary courses of action: promoting policies known to lessen the risk of violent conflict over the long term; anticipating and averting those crises likely to lead to costly military commitments in the medium term; and managing ongoing conflicts in the short term before they escalate further and exert pressure on the United States to intervene. In each of these efforts, forging “preventive partnerships” with a variety of international actors, including the United Nations, regional organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and the business community, is essential. The need to think and act ahead that lies at the heart of a preventive engagement strategy requires the United States to become less shortsighted and reactive. Drawing on successful strategies in other areas, Preventive Engagement provides a detailed and comprehensive blueprint for the United States to shape the future and reduce the potential dangers ahead.
About the Author
Paul B. Stares is the General John W. Vessey Senior Fellow for Conflict Prevention and Director of the Center for Preventive Action at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), an Adjunct Professor in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, and a Guest Lecturer at the London School of Economics. He is the author of The Militarization of Space: U.S. Policy, 1945-1984 (Cornell University Press, 1985), Space and National Security (Brookings Institution Press, 1987), Command Performance: The Neglected Dimension of European Security (Brookings Institution Press, 1991), and Global Habit: The Drug Problem in a Borderless World (Brookings Institution Press, 1997). He is the editor or co-editor of The New Germany and the New Europe (Brookings Institution Press, 1992), The New Security Agenda: A Global Survey (Brookings Institution Press, 1998), Rethinking Energy Security in East Asia (Japan Center for International Exchange, 2000), Guidance for Governance: Comparing Alternative Sources of Public Policy Advice (Japan Center for International Exchange, 2001), and Diasporas in Conflict: Peace-Makers or Peace-Wreckers? (United Nations University Press, 2007).
Table of Contents
1. America’s Predicament
I. The Building Blocks of Preventive Engagement
2. Thinking Ahead: From Warning to Anticipation
3. Acting Ahead: From Reaction to Prevention
II. A U.S. Strategy for Preventive Engagement
4. Risk Reduction: The Long Game
5. Crisis Prevention: The Midterm Game
6. Conflict Mitigation: The Short Game
7. Partners in Prevention
8. Reorienting the United States