In the history of Ukrainian realistic literature, the work of Ivan Nechuy-Levytskyy occupies a prominent place. It is known that the development of artistic prose and, in particular, the great epic genres - novels and novels - is an important stage in the formation of the national art of the word. Entering the Ukrainian literary scene, Nechuy-Levytsky brilliantly developed the content and form of a small story and gave the first examples of a realistic, romantic genre of modern life. The tale "The Prince Jeremiah of Vyshnevetsky" was written during 1896-1897 and was completed by the writer in 1897. The work is devoted to the most painful hours in the history of the Ukrainian people. The chronological framework of the story - 30-40-ies of the XVII century, that is, the years of the last Cossack uprisings preceding the speech of Khmelnytsky, the decade of t. "Golden rest" in the history of the Polish gentry and the first victorious stage of the liberation war of the Ukrainian people led by Khmelnytsky. Most of the actors and events in the story are historical, if not actually, nominally, except for the love line of the work (the love of Jeremiah to a simple Cossack - Todos's widow).