It is doubtless from this cause that the Long Island Trees with which New England has been generally supplied, and also those which have been sent to the coolest regions of the West, have been found to better withstand the severest winters, than those which have been obtained from other localities. Indeed, it can be readily realized that trees so robust and hardy, and yet so vigorous, must possess a great superiority over those grown in localities where the mercury sinks each year to 10° and 20° below zero during a very prolonged winter, thus retaining the trees in a frozen, torpid and death-like state for many months, freezing and bursting the inner vessels, affecting the sap, and probably causing sap-blight, and weakening them to such a degree that they can never regain their original health and strength. Some lessons may be derived from the fatal experience of the three past winters at the West, to which may be superadded the inconsiderate use by many nurseries of unsuitable stocks for budding and grafting, and especially of the tender Mazzard stock for Cherries, instead of the hardy Mahaleb, the latter alone being suited to the N orth and West. No Trees grown here are ever winter-killed; and the pear-blight, so destructive in the western part of this State, is unknown here.
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