This anthology of key primary texts provides an unmatched introduction to Islamist political thought from the early twentieth century to the present, and serves as an invaluable guide through the storm of polemic, fear, and confusion that swirls around Islamism today. Roxanne Euben and Muhammad Qasim Zamam gather a broad selection of texts from influential Islamist thinkers and place these figures and their writings in their multifaceted political and historical contexts. The selections presented here in English translation include writings of Ayatollah Khomeini, Usama bin Laden, Muslim Brotherhood founder Hasan al-Banna, and Moroccan Islamist leader Nadia Yassine, as well as the Hamas charter, an interview with a Taliban commander, and the final testament of 9/11 hijacker Muhammad Ata.
Illuminating the content and political appeal of Islamist thought, this anthology brings into sharp relief the commonalities in Islamist arguments about gender, democracy, and violence, but it also reveals significant political and theological disagreements among thinkers too often grouped together and dismissed as extremists or terrorists. No other anthology better illustrates the diversity of Islamist thought, the complexity of its intellectual and political contexts, or the variety of ways in which it relates to other intellectual and religious trends in the contemporary Muslim world.
About the Author
Roxanne L. Euben is the Ralph Emerson and Alice Freeman Palmer Professor of Political Science at Wellesley College. Muhammad Qasim Zaman is the Robert H. Niehaus '77 Professor of Near Eastern Studies and Religion at Princeton University.
Table of Contents
A Note on Transliteration, Spelling, and Other Conventions xvii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Part I Islamism: An Emergent Worldview
Chapter 2 Hasan al-Banna 49
Toward the Light 56
Chapter 3 Sayyid Abu'l-A'la Mawdudi 79
The Islamic Law 86
Chapter 4 Sayyid Abu'l-Hasan 'Ali Nadwi 107
Muslim Decadence and Revival 112
Chapter 5 Sayyid Qutb 129
Signposts along the Road 136
In the Shade of the Qur'an 145
Part II Remaking the Islamic State
Chapter 6 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini 155
Islamic Government 163
Chapter 7 Muhammad Bagir al-Sadr 181
The General Framework of the Islamic Economy 186
Chapter 8 Hasan al-Turabi 207
The Islamic State 213
Chapter 9 Yusuf al-Qaradawi 224
Islam and Democracy 230
Part III Islamism and Gender
Chapter 10 Murtaza Mutahhari 249
The Human Status of Woman in the Qur'an 254
Chapter 11 Zaynab al-Ghazali 275
An Islamist Activist 283
From Days of My Life, chapter 2 288
Chapter 12 Nadia Yassine 302
Modernity, Muslim Women, and Politics in the Mediterranean 311
Part IV Violence, Action, and Jihad
Chapter 13 Muhammad 'Abd al-Salam Faraj 321
The Neglected Duty 327
Chapter 14 'Umar 'Abd al-Rahman 344
The Present Rulers and Islam: Are They Muslims or Not? 350
Chapter 15 Hamas 356
Charter of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) of Palestine 364
Chapter 16 Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah 387
Islamic Unity and Political Change 394
September 11th, Terrorism, Islam, and the Intifada 403
Chapter 17 The Taliban 409
A New Layeha for the Mujahidin 415
An Interview with a Taliban Commander 418
Part V Globalizing Jihad
Chapter 18 Usama bin Laden 425
Declaration ofWar against the Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Places 436
Chapter 19 Muhammad 'Ata al-Sayyid 460
Final Instructions 466
What People are Saying About This
A superb volume. No other anthology on Islamism provides this depth or breadth. The biographical notes that precede each selection are exceptionally beneficial. These notes do more than just introduce the authors; they explore the background, networks, and issues that link each writer with broad patterns of Islamic political thought.
Bruce Lawrence, editor of "Messages to the World: The Statements of Osama bin Laden"
This splendid volume literally opens the door to Islamic political thought for Western scholars and teachers of politics. Brilliantly introduced and contextually framed by the editors, the selections represent remarkable geographic and historical range. We are all in the debt of Euben and Zaman for this immense labor and for the subtlety of their own thinking about politics, interpretation, violence, theory, gender, translation, and more.
Wendy Brown, University of California, Berkeley
This book is an excellent primer on the key ideas and prominent thinkers that have shaped Islamism over the past century. Euben and Zaman provide the reader with both text and context by pairing selections from key Islamist works with their own incisive analysis. The result is a most useful and timely intellectual history of Islamism.
Vali Nasr, author of "Forces of Fortune: The Rise of a New Muslim Middle Class and What it Means for Our World"
This volume is a real contribution. The selection of texts is first-rate, and the biographical introductions to the individual texts are extremely impressive.
Noah Feldman, author of "The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State"
One could find no better guide to this difficult, dangerous, and deceptive terrain.
Anne Norton, University of Pennsylvania