William Roberts Clark, Matt Golder, and Sona Nadenichek Golder’s groundbreaking Principles of Comparative Politics offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to comparative inquiry, research, and scholarship. In this thoroughly revised Third Edition, readers have an even better guide to cross-national comparison and why it matters. Readers are offered a new intuitive take on statistical analyses and a clearer explanation of how to interpret regression results; a thoroughly-revised chapter on culture and democracy that now includes a more extensive discussion of cultural modernization theory and a new overview of survey methods for addressing sensitive topics; and a revised chapter on dictatorships that incorporates a principal-agent framework for understanding authoritarian institutions.
Examples from the gender and politics literature have been incorporated into various chapters and empirical examples and data on various types of institutions have been updated. The book's outstanding pedagogy includes more than 250 tables and figures, numerous photos and maps, end of chapter exercises and problem sets, and a broader set of works cited.
New to this Edition
- A new intuitive take on statistical analyses and a clearer explanation of how to interpret regression results are included.
- A thoroughly-revised chapter on culture and democracy includes a more extensive discussion of cultural modernization theory and a new overview of survey methods for addressing sensitive topics.
- A revised chapter on dictatorships incorporates a principal-agent framework for understanding authoritarian institutions.
- Examples from the gender and politics literature have been incorporated into various chapters.
- Empirical examples and data on various types of institutions have been updated.
- Online videos and tutorials guide students through some of the methodological components addressed in the book.
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About the Author
Matt Golder was previously assistant professor of political science at Florida State University. He is the author of articles which have appeared in the American Journal of Political Science, British Journal of Political Science, Comparative Political Studies, Electoral Studies, and Political Analysis among other journals. He has taught classes on comparative politics, advanced industrialized democracies, quantitative methods, and European politics at the University of Iowa, Florida State University, and the University of Essex.
Sona Nadenichek Golder was previously assistant professor of political science at Florida State University. She is the author of The Logic of Pre-Electoral Coalition Formation, and has published articles in the British Journal of Political Science, Electoral Studies, and European Union Politics. She teaches courses on European politics, democracies and dictatorships, comparative institutions, game theory, and comparative politics at Florida State University and was a Mentor-in-Residence for the 2007 Empirical Implications of Theoretical Models Summer Program at UCLA .
Table of ContentsPreface
PART I. WHAT IS COMPARATIVE POLITICS?
Overview of the Book
The Approach Taken in This Book
2. WHAT IS SCIENCE?
What Is Science?
The Scientific Method
An Introduction to Logic
Myths about Science
3. WHAT IS POLITICS?
The Exit, Voice, and Loyalty Game
Solving the Exit, Voice, and Loyalty Game
Evaluating the Exit, Voice, and Loyalty Game
Preparation for the Problems
PART II. THE MODERN STATE: DEMOCRACY OR DICTATORSHIP?
4. THE ORIGINS OF THE MODERN STATE
What Is a State?
Somalia and Syria: Two Failed States
The Contractarian View of the State
The Predatory View of the State
Preparation for the Problems
5. DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP: CONCEPTUALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT
Democracy and Dictatorship in Historical Perspective
Classifying Democracies and Dictatorships
6. THE ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
Classic Modernization Theory
A Variant of Modernization Theory
Some More Empirical Evidence
Appendix: An Intuitive Take on Statistical Analyses
7. THE CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
Classical Cultural Arguments: Mill and Montesquieu
Does Democracy Require a Civic Culture?
Religion and Democracy
Experiments and Culture
8. DEMOCRATIC TRANSITIONS
Bottom-Up Transitions to Democracy
Top-Down Transitions to Democracy
9. DEMOCRACY OR DICTATORSHIP: DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE?
The Effect of Regime Type on Economic Growth
The Effect of Regime Type on Government Performance
PART III. VARIETIES OF DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
10. VARIETIES OF DICTATORSHIP
A Common Typology of Authoritarian Regimes
The Two Fundamental Problems of Authoritarian Rule
11. PROBLEMS WITH GROUP DECISION MAKING
Problems with Group Decision Making
Appendix: Stability in Two-Dimensional Majority-Rule Voting
12. PARLIAMENTARY, PRESIDENTIAL, AND SEMI-PRESIDENTIAL DEMOCRACIES
Making and Breaking Governments in Parliamentary Democracies
Making and Breaking Governments in Presidential Democracies
Making and Breaking Governments in Semi-Presidential Democracies
A Unifying Framework: Principal-Agent and Delegation Problems
13. ELECTIONS AND ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
Elections and Electoral Integrity
Legislative Electoral System Choice
14. SOCIAL CLEAVAGES AND PARTY SYSTEMS
Political Parties: What Are They, and What Do They Do?
Where Do Parties Come From?
Types of Parties: Social Cleavages and Political Identity Formation
Number of Parties: Duverger’s Theory
15. INSTITUTIONAL VETO PLAYERS
PART IV. VARIETIES OF DEMOCRACY AND POLITICAL OUTCOMES
16. CONSEQUENCES OF DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS
Majoritarian or Consensus Democracy?
The Effect of Political Institutions on Fiscal Policy
Electoral Laws, Federalism, and Ethnic Conflict
Presidentialism and Democratic Survival