Probation and Parole: Theory and Practice / Edition 11 available in Hardcover
About the Author
Howard Abadinsky is professor of criminal justice at St. John’s University. He was an inspector for the Cook County, Illinois, Sheriff’s Office for eight years and a New York State parole officer and senior parole officer for fifteen years. The author holds a B.A. from Queens College of the City University of New York, an M.S.W. from Fordham University, and a Ph.D. from New York University. He is the author of several books, including Organized Crime, 8th ed., Law and Justice, 6th ed., and Drug Abuse, 6th ed.
Dr. Abadinsky encourages communication about his work and can be reached at St. John’s University. 8000 Utopia Parkway, Jamaica, NY 11439; firstname.lastname@example.org.
Table of Contents1. Probation and Parole in Criminal Justice.
I. PROBATION.2. Probation and the Courts: History and Administration.
3. Sentencing and the Presentence Investigation.
4. Juvenile Court and Juvenile Justice.
5. Juvenile Probation, Institutions, and Aftercare.
II. PAROLE.6. American Prisons and Community-Based Corrections.
7. Parole and the Indeterminate Sentence.
8. Parole Administration and Services.
III. REHABILITATION AND SUPERVISION IN PROBATION AND PAROLE.9. Rehabilitation: Theory and Practice.
10. Probation and Parole Officers.
11. Probation and Parole Supervision.
12. Special Problems and Programs in Probation and Parole.
13. Intermediate Punishments.
14. Probation and Parole in the Twenty-First Century.
The first edition of this book was written while I was a senior parole officer for the New York State Division of Parole. Since that time, new concepts (or sometimes simply buzzwords) have affected both the theory and practice of probation and parole. Some, such as community-based corrections, had a brief life, while the justice model and determinate sentencing have had long-lasting effects, creating the need for graduated sanctions and intermediate punishments. More recently, blended sentences and restorative justice have become popular expressions of the need to respond to political pressures for greater punishment without completely abandoning the rehabilitative ideal.
Sentiments toward crime and criminals hardened, highlighted by "truth in sentencing" (no parole/early release) and "three-strikes-and-your're-out" (life imprisonment on third felony conviction) statutes. Political changes generated by (often pandering) politicians produced such incongruities as mandatory sentences with sanctioning flexibility. The rush to punish encountered spending curbs and tax cuts. The results of "tough-on-crime" statutes and the "war on drugs" overburdened our correctional facilities, and sound-bite polemics replaced careful and thoughtful policy development. These swirling waters of criminal justice serve as a backdrop for the discussion of probation and parole in this book.
The eighth edition has been streamlined and expanded into 14 chapters, with some chapters reorganized to further enhance ease of classroom use. The discussion of juvenile justice is now found in chapter 4the juvenile courtandchapter 5juvenile probation, institutions, and aftercare. Because the problem of drug and alcohol abuse is so prevalent in probation and parole practice, material on supervising substance-abusing offenders has been added to chapter 11. In recognition of public concern with sex offenders, additional material on supervising this clientele also appears in chapter 11, as does an examination of supervising persons with HIV/AIDS.
To remain at the cutting edge of the field, this edition continues to use materials from juvenile and adult probation and parole agencies throughout the country, providing a state-of-the-art examination of probation and parole practice. (Material whose source is not specifically cited is from the appropriate agency.) As in previous editions, review questions appear at the end of each chapter. In addition, each chapter highlights key terms and ends with a series of key terms and relevant Internet sites. The instructor's resource guide available for this book provides a model curriculum and true-false, multiple choice, and essay test questions.
The author would like to thank Kimberly Davies, executive editor at Prentice Hall, for her dedication to this project, assistant editor Sarah Holle, production editor Linda B. Pawelchak, and reviewers Larry Andrews, Missouri Western 'State College; Bruce Berg, California State University-Long Beach; Steve Christiansen, Green River Community College; and Robert Weiss, SUNY-Plattsburg for their thoughtful reviews and suggestions.
The author encourages comments about his work and can be reached at Saint Xavier University, 3700 W 103rd Street, Chicago, IL 60655; email@example.com.
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