ISBN-10:
0495010936
ISBN-13:
9780495010937
Pub. Date:
03/10/2006
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Problem Solving for Kirkpatrick/Francis' Physics: A World View, 6th / Edition 6

Problem Solving for Kirkpatrick/Francis' Physics: A World View, 6th / Edition 6

by Larry Kirkpatrick, Gregory E. Francis

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780495010937
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 03/10/2006
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

Larry Kirkpatrick has always been a teacher; he just didn't know it. After receiving a B.S. in physics from Washington State University and a Ph.D. in experimental high-energy physics from MIT, he began his academic career at the University of Washington as a typical faculty member. However, he found that he was spending more and more time in the classroom and less and less time in the laboratory. Finally, he decided that he would get a position teaching physics full time or he would quit physics and use his computer skills to make lots of money. Fortunately, Montana State University hired him to teach physics. He served for eight years as academic director of the U.S. Physics Team that competes in the International Physics Olympiad each summer and has also served as President of the American Association of Physics Teachers. He retired in 2002 to concentrate on teaching, writing, ranching, and playing golf.

Greg Francis is a professor in the Department of Psychological Sciences at Purdue University. He earned his Ph.D. in cognitive and neural systems from Boston University in 1993. His research investigates properties of neural networks and visual perception. He also was coauthor of the Coglab Reader, Coglab on a CD, and Social Psychology Laboratory.

Table of Contents


Preface
Table of Contents
A World View
How Many Digits?     1
Units     2
Changing Units     3
Problem Solving     4
Problems     5
Describing Motion
Images of Speed     7
Average Speed     9
Instantaneous Speed     11
Velocity-Time Graphs     13
Speed with Direction     13
Acceleration     14
Free Fall: Making a Rule of Nature     16
Starting With an Initial Velocity     17
Problems     18
Explaining Motion
Adding Vectors     21
The Second Law     22
Weight     24
Drawing Free-Body Diagrams     25
Friction     26
Using Free-Body Diagrams     27
Newton's Third Law     28
Problems     29
Motions in Space
Acceleration Revisited     32
Acceleration in Circular Motion     34
Projectile Motion     36
Problems     38
Gravity
Newton's Gravity     40
The Law of Universal Gravitation     40
The Value of G     41
Gravity near Earth's Surface     41
Satellites     41
The Field Concept     44
Problems     45
Momentum
Changing an Object's Momentum     47
Conservation of Linear Momentum     48
Investigating Accidents     50
Two-Dimensional Collisions     51
Problems     52
Energy
Energy of Motion     55
Conservation of Kinetic Energy     55
Changing Kinetic Energy     57
Gravitational Potential Energy     59
Conservation of Mechanical Energy     60
Power     62
Problems     62
Rotation
Torque     65
Rotational Inertia     67
Conservation of Angular Momentum     68
Problems     71
Classical Relativity
Comparing Velocities     73
Realistic Inertial Forces     74
Centrifugal Forces     76
Earth: A Nearly Inertial System     77
Problems     78
Einstein's Relativity
Searching for the Medium of Light     80
Experimental Evidence for Time Dilation     81
Comparing Velocities     83
Length Contraction     83
Relativistic Laws of Motion      84
Gravity and Acceleration     85
Gravity and Light     86
Problems     87
Structure of Matter
Masses and Sizes of Atoms     89
Pressure     91
Temperature     92
The Ideal Gas Law: A Microscopic View     94
The Ideal Gas Law: A Macroscopic View     94
Problems     96
States of Matter
Density     98
Elasticity     99
Pressure     100
Sink and Float     101
Problems     103
Thermal Energy
Mechanical Work and Heat     105
Specific Heat     106
Change of State     107
Conduction     108
Radiation     109
Thermal Expansion     110
Problems     111
Available Energy
Real Engines     114
Refrigerators     115
Entropy     116
Problems     117
Vibrations and Waves
Simple Vibrations     119
Mass on a Spring     119
The Pendulum     122
One-Dimensional Waves     124
Periodic Waves     125
Standing Waves     126
Interference      127
Diffraction     127
Problems     128
Sound and Music
Speed of Sound     131
Hearing Sounds     131
Stringed Instruments     132
Wind Instruments     133
Beats     134
Doppler Effect     135
Problems     137
Light
Pinhole Cameras     139
Flat Mirrors     139
Locating the Images     140
Speed of Light     143
Problems     144
Refraction of Light
Index of Refraction     146
Images Produced by Lenses     147
Cameras     149
Our Eyes     149
Magnifiers     150
Problems     150
A Model For Light
Refraction     153
Interference     154
Diffraction     155
Thin Films     156
Problems     158
Electricity
The Electric Force     160
Electricity and Gravity     161
The Electric Field     162
Electric Potential     164
Problems     166
Electric Current
Resistance     168
Ohm's Law      170
Batteries and Bulbs     171
Electric Power     173
Problems     175
Electromagnetism
Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields     178
Fraday's Law     179
Transformers     181
Making Waves     181
Problems     182
The Early Atom
The Discovery of the Electron     184
Radiating Objects     185
The Photoelectric Effect     186
Bohr's Model     187
Atomic Spectra Explained     188
Problems     189
The Modern Atom
De Broglie's Waves     190
A Particle in a Box     191
The Uncertainty Principle     192
Problems     194
The Nucleus
Radioactive Decay     196
Radioactive Clocks     197
Radiation and Matter     198
Problems     199
Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Binding Energy     201
Nuclear Fission     202
Nuclear Reactors     203
Fusion Reactors     204
Solar Power     205
Problems     205
Elementary Particles
Antimatter     207
Exchange Particles     208
Problems      210
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems     211
Appendix
Physical Constants and Data     217
Geometry     217
Standard Abbreviations     218
Prefixes for Powers of Ten     218
Conversion Factors     219
The Greek Alphabet     220
Solar System Data     220\

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