Problems of the Gastrointestinal Tract in Anaesthesia, the Perioperative Period and Intensive Care: International Symposium in Wurzburg, Germany, 1-3 October, 1998

Problems of the Gastrointestinal Tract in Anaesthesia, the Perioperative Period and Intensive Care: International Symposium in Wurzburg, Germany, 1-3 October, 1998


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783540659013
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 10/15/1999
Pages: 371
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

I Gastrointestinal Motility.- Properties and Functional Aspects of the Enteric Nervous System.- Pharmacotherapy of Gastrointestinal Motor Disorders.- Effect of Interleukin-lß on Cholinergic Contractions in the Gastrointestinal Tract of the Rat.- Impairment of Intestinal Motility in the Critically Ill Patient.Clinical Implications and Contribution of Drugs and Mediators.- Potential of Motilides in the Treatment of Hypomotility Syndromes.- The Pathogenesis of Postoperative Ileus in the Rat: Role of Nitric Oxide, Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide and ?-Opioid Receptors.- What Dose of Neostigmine is Effective for the Treatment of Postoperative Colonic Ileus? Lessons from Colonic Motility Studies.- Small Bowel Transit Time in Intensive Care Unit Patients: Effect of Cisapride and Erythromycin.- Guided Placement of Nasojejunal Feeding Tubes Using Erythromycin and Fluoroscopy in Intensive Care Unit Patients.- High-dose Catecholamines Diminish the Effect of Erythromycin on Antral Motility and Gastric Emptying in Intensive Care Unit Patients.- II Dysfunction of the Gastrointestinal Tract in Shock, Sepsis and Critical Illness.- Gastrointestinal Secretion, Absorption and Barrier Function.- The Human Intestinal Microflora: Physiology and Pathophysiology.- Clinical Strategies for Prevention of Bacterial Translocation.- Reduction of Perioperative Endotoxin Leakage from the Gastrointestinal Tract by Enteral Application of Immunoglobulin-Enriched Colostral Milk Preparation.- Bacterial Translocation and Endotoxemia During Aseptic Surgery.- Antiendotoxin Antibody Production of Mononuclear Cells in Multiply Injured Patients.- Multivariate Analysis of Parameters Predicting Lethal Outcome in a Porcine Model of Abdominal Sepsis.- Gastric Mucosal Tonometry.- Continuous Mucosal PC02 Monitoring of the Gastrointestinal Tract.- The Potential of Tissue Lightguide Spectrophotometry for Monitoring Gastric Mucosal Oxygenation During Mechanical Ventilation.- III Nutritional Aspects.- The Colon as a Metabolically Active Organ: Implications for the Composition of Enteral Formula Diets.- Early Enteral Nutrition Influences Immunological Response of Lymphocyte Subsets After Polytrauma.- Glutamine-supplemented Parenteral Nutrition.- IV. Perioperative Dysfunction of the Gastrointestinal Tract.- Perioperative Motility of the Foregut.- Electrogastrography During the Early Postoperative Period.- Therapeutic Interventions for Improvement of Impaired Intestinal Blood Flow.- Influence of Dopexamine on Splanchnic Perfusion During Cardiac Surgery.- Postoperative Intestinal Ischemia in Cardiac Surgical Patients.- Gastrointestinal Complications After Cardiopulmonary Bypass.- The “Laparoscopic Window”: A New Laparoscopic Bedside Technique for Second Look Intervention.- V Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting.- Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting.- Prediction of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Using Clinical Risk Factors.- Logistical Regression Analysis of Factors Causing Postoperative Nausea or Vomiting During Different Postoperative Time Periods.- Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting After Laparoscopy in Gynecology.- Prophylaxis and Therapy of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting.- VI Update - Gastric, Duodenal, and Stress Ulcer, Etiology, Pathophysiology, Treatment.- Gastric Acid Backdiffusion and Neuronal Emergency System.- Intensive Care Pharmacotherapy: Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis and Mucosecretolysis.- Pneumonia Prophylaxis Under Ulcer Therapy.

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