This is the first comprehensive study of America’s anti-liquor/anti-drug movement from its origins in the late eighteenth century through the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment in 1933. It examines the role that capitalism played in defining and shaping this reform movement.
Rumbarger challenges conventional explanations of the history of this movement and offers compelling counter-arguments to explain the movement’s historical development. He successfully links the ethics of business enterprise and those of moral reform of society for the betterment of enterprise.
The author reveals how readily economic power is transformedfirst into social power and finally into political power in the context of a bourgeois democracy. He shows that the motivation driving this reform movement was not religiosity, but profit, and that anti-liquor capitalists viewed the “human equation” as determinant of America’s prospect for creating wealth.
|Publisher:||State University of New York Press|
|Series:||SUNY Series in New Social Studies on Alcohol and Drugs Series|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
John J. Rumbarger, former assistant executive secretary of the American Historical Association and editor of Prologue: Journal of the National Archives, lives and works in Washington, D.C.
Table of Contents
Part I The Early Years: The Movement Defines Itself 1800-1870
1. The Social and Ideological Origins of Drink Reform, 1800-1836
2. The Politics of Moral Reform: Social Class and Nonpartisanship in the Temperance Movement, 1836-1860
3. "Practical Temperance": Reorganization of the Temperance Movement, 1865-1870
Part II The Middle Years: The Tradition Fails, 1865-1890
4. Ends and Means: Temperance Confronts an Industrial World, 1870-1884
5. The Beginning of Conservative Reaction: Liquor Control and the Critique of the Industrial City, 1880-1890
Part III The Climactic Years: The Emergence and Failure of Antisaloonism, 1890-1914
6. The Collapse of Third-Party Prohibition and Emergence of Political Antisaloonism, 1890-1900
7. Antisaloonism and Urban Reform, 1890-1915
8. Antisaloonism and Industrial Development, 1890-1915
Part IV The Reemergence of Prohibition, 1914-1919
9. The Anti-Saloon League of America and the Resurgence of National Prohibition, 1900-1917
10. Denouement: Drink Reform and the American Experience
Epilogue: The Era of Constitutional Prohibition