Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America

Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America

by Scott Kaufman

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Overview

Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America by Scott Kaufman

Inspired by President Dwight D. Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" speech, scientists at the Atomic Energy Commission and the University of California's Radiation Laboratory began in 1957 a program they called Plowshare. Joined by like-minded government officials, scientists, and business leaders, champions of "peaceful nuclear explosions" maintained that they could create new elements and isotopes for general use, build storage facilities for water or fuel, mine ores, increase oil and natural gas production, generate heat for power production, and construct roads, harbors, and canals. By harnessing the power of the atom for nonmilitary purposes, Plowshare backers expected to protect American security, defend U.S. legitimacy and prestige, and ensure access to energy resources.

Scott Kaufman’s extensive research in nearly two dozen archives in three nations shows how science, politics, and environmentalism converged to shape the lasting conflict over the use of nuclear technology. Indeed, despite technological and strategic promise, Plowshare’s early champions soon found themselves facing a vocal and powerful coalition of federal and state officials, scientists, industrialists, environmentalists, and average citizens. Skeptical politicians, domestic and international pressure to stop nuclear testing, and a lack of government funding severely restricted the program. By the mid-1970s, Plowshare was, in the words of one government official, “dead as a doornail.” However, the thought of using the atom for peaceful purposes remains alive.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780801451256
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Publication date: 11/27/2012
Pages: 312
Sales rank: 757,547
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Scott Kaufman is Professor of History and Co-Director of the Robert E. McNair Center for Government and History at Francis Marion University. He is the author of several books, including Plans Unraveled: The Foreign Policy of the Carter Administration and The Pig War: The United States, Britain, and the Balance of Power in the Pacific Northwest, 1846–72.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Promoting the Peaceful Atom

1. A Plan of Biblical Proportions

2. Just Drop Us a Card

3. A Program on Hold

4. From Moratorium to Test Ban

5. The Complexities of Canal Construction

6. Nuclear Testing, Nonproliferation, and Plowshare

7. Making Headway?

8. Plowshare Goes Down Under

9. Dead as a Doornail

Conclusion: Back from the Dead?

Notes
Bibliography
Index

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