Protracted Refugee Situations: Political, Human Rights and Security Implications

Protracted Refugee Situations: Political, Human Rights and Security Implications


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Protracted Refugee Situations: Political, Human Rights and Security Implications by Gil Loescher

Over two-thirds of the world's refugees are struggling to survive in camps and urban communities in remote and insecure parts of the world. The vast majority of them have been in exile for many years or even generations. This is an affront to the dignity of millions of people deprived of a range of basic human rights and a failure for the international refugee regime. In addition, protracted refugee situations can be a driving force of ongoing grievances, instability, and insurgency.

This volume presents a range of analyses and cases of protracted refugee situations. It explores the sources, nature, and consequences of these situations and the record of the international community's attempts to find durable solutions. The volume presents new thinking to address protracted refugee situations that incorporates security and development—as well as humanitarian—actors and attempts to reconcile the policy difficulties that have obstructed progress for many years.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789280811582
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Publication date: 01/21/2009
Pages: 376
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Gil Loescher is a visiting professor at the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford (UK), and emeritus professor of political science at the University of Notre Dame. James Milner is an assistant professor of political science at Carleton University, Ottawa. Edward Newman is a senior lecturer in the department of Political Science and International Studies at the University of Birmingham (UK). Gary Troeller is co-chair of the Inter-university Committee on International Migration and visiting lecturer in the department of political science at MIT.

Table of Contents

Tables and figures viii

Contributors ix

Acknowledgements xiii

Part I Themes and challenges 1

1 Introduction Gil Loescher James Milner Edward Newman Gary Troeller 3

2 Understanding the problem of protracted refugee situations Gil Loescher James Milner 20

3 Asylum trends in industrialized countries and their impact on protracted refugee situations Gary Troeller 43

4 Protracted refugee situations, conflict and security: The need for better diagnosis and prescription Eric Morris Stephen John Stedman 69

5 Protracted refugee situations, human rights and civil society Elizabeth Ferris 85

6 Development actors and protracted refugee situations: Progress, challenges, opportunities Mark Mattner 108

7 A surrogate state? The role of UNHCR in protracted refugee situations Amy Slaughter Jeff Crisp 123

8 A realistic, segmented and reinvigorated UNHCR approach to resolving protracted refugee situations Arafat Jamal 141

9 Historical lessons for overcoming protracted refugee situations Alexander Betts 162

Part II Case studies 187

10 Palestinian refugees Michael Dumper 189

11 Somali refugees: Protracted exile and shifting security frontiers Peter Kagwanja Monica Juma 214

12 Sudanese refugees in Uganda and Kenya Tania Kaiser 248

13 Bhutanese refugees in Nepal Mahendra P. Lama 277

14 Burmese refugees in South and Southeast Asia: A comparative regional analysis Gil Loescher James Milner 303

15 Afghan refugees in Iran and Pakistan Ewen Macleod 333

Part III Policy conclusions and recommendations 351

16 A framework for responding to protracted refugee situations Gil Loescher James Milner 353

17 Resolving protracted refugee situations: Conclusion andpolicy implications Edward Newman Gary G. Troeller 377

Index 386

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