Proximity to Power and Jewish Sectarian Groups of the Ancient Period: A Review of Lifestyle, Values, and Halakha in the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Qumran

Proximity to Power and Jewish Sectarian Groups of the Ancient Period: A Review of Lifestyle, Values, and Halakha in the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Qumran

ISBN-10:
9004146997
ISBN-13:
9789004146990
Pub. Date:
10/27/2006
Publisher:
Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.

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Overview

Proximity to Power and Jewish Sectarian Groups of the Ancient Period: A Review of Lifestyle, Values, and Halakha in the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Qumran

This book deals with the values, lifestyle and code of law of four Jewish sectarian groups in the Hellenistic and Roman (Second Temple) period, in the land of Israel. It reviews the groups according to their proximity to power, highlighting the fact that political involvement has a decisive impact on the life and development of these social groups. The groups under review, the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes and Qumran, receive a new historical description, from the viewpoint of their proximity to power.
The issue of what determines the course of a social group, whether normative or sectarian, is discussed, and the traditional terminology is re-examined. Original terminology is established. The first part of the book deals with the question of terminology, the available sources and the presentation of the different groups.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789004146990
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 10/27/2006
Series: Brill Reference Library of Judaism Series , #25
Pages: 332
Product dimensions: 6.61(w) x 9.75(h) x 1.01(d)

Table of Contents


Introduction     ix
List of Abbreviations and Sources     xv
Terminology and Methodology     1
Terminology     1
Methodology     21
Jewish Groups in the Hasmonean Period and their Proximity to the Regime     51
Introduction     51
The Pharisees     53
The Sadducees     73
The Essenes     82
The Qumran Group     99
The Distinction Between the Groups According to Involvement in the Center     121
Seceding Groups and Dissenting Groups: Lifestyle     125
Communal Eating as a Sectarian Feature     126
Clothing as a Sectarian Characteristic     149
The Family as a Sectarian Characteristic     164
Conclusions: Lifestyle     179
Seceding Groups and Dissenting Groups: Halakhic System     183
The Place of Halakhah in the Lives of Jewish Groups     184
The Halakhic System of Dissenting Groups     210
The Halakhic System of Seceding Groups     221
Seceding Groups and Dissenting Groups: Theology and Ideology     234
Theological and Ideological Characteristics in Research     235
The Importance of "Continuing Prophecy" in a Group's Leadership     241
"Prophetic Ability" in the Lives of Seceding Groups     248
The Prophetic Aspect among Dissenting Groups     263
Continuing Prophecy among the Jewish Groups     278
The Status of "Earthly Life" in the Spiritual System     280
Conclusions     298
Bibliography     305
Index     319

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