Psychology 2007

Psychology 2007

by Kaplan

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780743265560
Publisher: Kaplan Publishing
Publication date: 01/28/2006
Series: Kaplan AP Psychology Ser.
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 264
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author


Chris Hakala is an associate professor of psychology at Western New England College in Springfield, Massachusetts. He earned a Master's degree and Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from the University of New Hampshire.

Chris has been an Advanced Placement reader for over 9 years, and has extensive knowledge of test and rubric development.

Content reviewers:
Ruth Ault has taught psychology for the past 25 years at Davidson College in Davidson, North Carolina. She was a reader for the AP Psychology exam and has been a table leader since 2001.

Nancy Homb has taught AP Psychology for the past 7 years at Cypress Falls High School in Houston, Texas. She has been a reader for the AP Psychology exam since 2000 and began consulting for the College Board in 2005.

Barbara Loverich has taught AP Psychology for the past 18 years at Hobart High School in Valparaiso, Indiana. She has been an AP reader for 9 years and a table leader for 6 years. From 1996-2000, she was a board member of Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools and was on the state of Indiana committee to write state psychology standards. Among her distinguished awards are the Outstanding Science Educator Award and Sigma XI, Scientific Research Society in 2002.

Read an Excerpt

Kaplan AP Psychology 2006


By Kaplan

Kaplan

Copyright © 2005 Kaplan
All right reserved.

ISBN: 0743265564

Chapter One: Inside the AP Psychology Exam

The AP Psychology Exam is divided into two sections. Section I is 100 multiple choice questions covering a variety of topics from introductory psychology. The topics are covered as follows:

History and Approaches (2-4%)

Methods (6-8%)

Biological Bases of Behavior (8-10%)

Sensation and Perception (7-9%)

States of Consciousness (2-4%)

Learning (7-9%)

Cognition (8-10%)

Motivation and Emotion (7-9%)

Developmental Psychology (7-9%)

Personality (6-8%)

Testing and Individual Differences (5-7%)

Abnormal Psychology (7-9%)

Treatment of Psychological Disorders (5-7%)

Social Psychology (7-9%)

Overview of the Test Structure

Section I allows for 70 minutes to complete the 100 multiple choice questions. This does not give you a great deal of time per question. However, some of the questions are much easier to answer than others. And then, of course, there will be some questions that you will be unable to answer. Answer the questions that you can, and try to deduce the answers for those questions that you are unsure of. Know, however, that for some, you will simply have to guess. That is fine.

Section II is the free-response section. In this part, you will be given two questions. You will have 50 minutes to respond to these questions, so try to develop a strategy for answering both questions well. The questions are focused on methodology across areas and on being able to relate one point to several different approaches in psychology. Thus, in order to do well on the free-response section, you need to be prepared to not only understand the content, but also to generalize the content across various areas of psychology.

How the Exam is Scored

To prepare for the free-response section, one of the first steps would be to review released test materials on the College Board website. The released free-response items will have sample answers that will help you learn how to focus your answers on the information that is essential. The free-response section is important (it will count for }13} of your final score), and thus, you want to have a complete understanding of the way that the questions are structured, and the way that the questions are scored.

The key to answering free-response questions well is to understand that they are written to allow you to demonstrate breadth of knowledge across a variety of areas of psychology. Thus, when answering the question, make sure you provide the reader with enough context to demonstrate complete understanding. A second, important point to consider is that each response is worth a certain number of points, and each point is associated with different aspects of the question. As the questions are written with a main question and several sub-questions, a good strategy is to answer the question in the same format as the question itself. Organize it in the same way it is written. Don't answer the question in the order that you know things.

The free responses are scored by hand. Thus, handwriting is important. Take your time answering the question, but not too much time. Just realize that if someone can't read your answer, it won't score -- even if it's great. Answers to the free-response section are scored according to a rubric. A rubric is an agreed-upon scoring guideline that all readers use. Typically, a rubric is generated by the people who construct the question. Then, every June, a group of high school and college psychology teachers are brought together at a site in the United States for the AP reading. There, the rubric is refined and samples are created by the group to provide the readers with training essays. There is a great deal of concern over providing each essay with a fair read; thus, readers are constantly checked to ensure reliability.

The scores from the performance assessment (}13} of the score) and the multiple-choice (}23} of the score) are then combined, and the Chief Reader sets the criteria for the final score. Scores range from:

5 = Extremely well qualified

4 = Well qualified

3 = Qualified

2 = Possibly qualified

1 = No recommendation

Most colleges will accept an AP score of 3 or higher to award college credit.

Registration and Fees

To register for the exam, contact your school guidance counselor or AP Coordinator. If your school does not administer the AP exam, contact AP for a listing of schools that do.

As of the printing of this book, the fee for the exam is $82. For those qualified with acute financial need, the College Board offers a $22 credit. In addition, many states offer subsidies to cover all or part of the cost of the exam.

Additional Resources

For more information on the AP Program and the Psychology Exam, contact:

AP Services

P.O. Box 6671

Princeton, NJ 08541-6671

Phone: (609) 771-7300 or (877) 274-6474

Email: apexgrams@info.collegeboard.org

Website: collegeboard.com/student/testing/ap/about.html

Copyright © 2006 by Kaplan, Inc.



Continues...


Excerpted from Kaplan AP Psychology 2006 by Kaplan Copyright © 2005 by Kaplan. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Table of Contents

About the Authorix
Kaplan Panel of AP Expertsxi
Acknowledgmentsxiii
Part 1The Basics
Chapter 1Inside the AP Psychology Exam3
Overview of the Test Structure3
How the Exam Is Scored4
Registration and Fees5
Additional Resources5
Chapter 2Strategies for Success: It's Not Always How Much You Know7
How to Approach the Multiple-Choice Questions7
How to Approach the Free-Response Questions10
Stress Management11
Countdown to the Test12
Part 2Diagnostic Test
Diagnostic Test17
Answers and Explanations20
How to Make This Book Work for You Based on the Results of Your Diagnostic22
Part 3AP Psychology Review
Chapter 3History and Systems of Psychology25
Biological Approach27
Behavioral Approach28
Cognitive Approach29
Humanistic Approach29
Psychoanalytic Approach30
Sociocultural Approach30
Review Questions31
Answers and Explanations34
Chapter 4Research Methods37
Observation37
Experimental Techniques39
Experimental Design40
Statistics41
Inferential Statistics42
Ethics42
Review Questions44
Answers and Explanations47
Chapter 5Biopsychology49
Research Methods in Biopsychology49
The Brain50
The Neuron52
Genetics53
Review Questions54
Answers and Explanations57
Chapter 6Sensation and Perception59
Visual System59
Auditory System61
Measuring Perception63
Review Questions64
Answers and Explanations67
Chapter 7Consciousness69
Sleep69
Sleep Disorders71
Attention72
Review Questions73
Answers and Explanations76
Chapter 8Motivation and Emotion79
Biological Motivation79
Psychological Motivation80
Goal-Setting81
Emotions81
Review Questions82
Answers and Explanations85
Chapter 9Learning87
Classical Conditioning87
Operant Conditioning89
Applications of Learning91
Review Questions92
Answers and Explanations95
Chapter 10Cognition97
Memory97
Encoding98
Retrieval99
Organization99
Review Questions101
Answers and Explanations104
Chapter 11Language107
What Is Language?107
How Do We Learn Language?108
Language Acquisition108
Linguistic Universals109
Review Questions111
Answers and Explanations114
Chapter 12Development117
Physical Development117
Cognitive Development119
Social Development118
Review Questions122
Answers and Explanations125
Chapter 13Personality127
Psychodynamic Theory127
Trait Theorists130
Humanistic/Phenomenological Theories131
Learning Theories131
Review Questions132
Answers and Explanations135
Chapter 14Psychological Disorders137
Some Statistics137
What Makes Something a Psychological Disorder?138
Categories of Psychological Disorders138
Review Questions143
Answers and Explanations146
Chapter 15Therapy149
Drug Therapy149
Freud's Therapeutic Technique150
Cognitive Therapy151
Humanistic/Phenomenological Therapy151
Behavioral Therapy152
Review Questions153
Answers and Explanations156
Chapter 16Social Psychology159
Impression Formation159
Attribution Theory160
Interpersonal Relations160
Aggression161
Social Influence161
Group Processes162
Review Questions163
Answers and Explanations166
Chapter 17Applied and Other Areas of Psychology169
Psychology and the Law169
Psychology of Underrepresented Groups170
Industrial/Organizational Psychology170
Health Psychology170
Sports Psychology170
Modern Areas of Psychology171
Review Questions172
Answers and Explanations175
Part 4Practice Tests
How to Take the Practice Tests178
How to Compute Your Score179
Practice Test 1183
Answer Key199
Answers and Explanations200
Practice Test 2213
Answer Key229
Answers and Explanations230
AP Psychology Glossary241

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