Psychology and Life / Edition 19 available in Hardcover
About the Author
Richard J. Gerrig earned his Ph.D. in cognitive psychology at Stanford University. His academic career began at Yale University, where he was awarded the Lex Hixon Prize for teaching excellence in the social sciences. He moved to Stony Brook University in 1994, where he is currently a professor of psychology. At Stony Brook, he has been actively involved in initiatives focused on innovations in undergraduate education. His research on cognitive psychological aspects of language use has been widely published. One line of work examines the mental processes that underlie efficient communication. A second research program considers the cognitive and emotional changes readers experience when they are transported to the worlds of stories. He has served as an associate editor for the journals Psychonomic Bulletin & Review and Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. He has been named a fellow of the Society for Text & Discourse, the American Psychological Association, and the Association for Psychological Science. His book Experiencing Narrative Worlds was published by Yale University Press.
Table of Contents
1. The Science of Psychology in Your Life.
What Makes Psychology Unique?
Psychology in Your Life: Why Study Psychology.
What Psychologists Do.
Psychology in the 21st Century: The Future is Now.
2. Research Methods in Psychology.
The Context of Discovery.
The Context of Justification: Safeguards for Objectivity.
Ethical Issues in Human and Animal Research.
Becoming a Wiser Research Consumer.
Psychology in the 21st Century: Psychological Research and the Information Explosion.
3. The Biological Bases of Behavior.
Heredity and Behavior.
Biology and Behavior.
The Nervous System in Action.
Psychology in Your Life: How Do Life Experiences Affect Your Brain?
4. Sensation Sensory Knowledge of the World.
The Visual System.
Psychology in the 21st Century: Can Technology Restore Sight?
Your Other Senses.
Psychology in Your Life: Why is "Hot" Food Painful?
Sensing, Organizing, Identifying, Recognizing.
Psychology in the 21st Century: Virtual Reality.
Organizational Processes in Perception.
Psychology in Your Life: How Do You Catch a Fly Ball?
Identification and Recognition Processes.
6. Mind, Consciousness, and Alternate States.
The Contents of Consciousness.
The Functions of Consciousness.
Psychology in Your Life: When Do Children Acquire Consciousness?
Sleep and Dreams.
Psychology in the 21st Century: The 24/7 Lifestyle and Sleep.
Altered States of Consciousness.
7. Learning and Behavior Analysis
The Study of Learning.
Classical Conditioning: Learning Predictable Signals.
Operant Conditioning: Learning About Consequences.
Psychology in Your Life: Spare the Rod, Spoil the Child?
Biology and Learning.
Cognitive Influences on Learning.
What is Memory?
Short-term Memory and Working Memory.
Long-Term Memory: Encoding and Retrieval.
Psychology in Your Life: How Can Memory Research Help You Prepare for Exams?
Structures in Long-Term Memory.
Psychology in the 21st Century: Human Memory Searches and Web Searches.
Biological Aspects of Memory.
9. Cognitive Processes.
Psychology in Your Life: Can Nonhuman Animals Learn Language?
Problem Solving and Reasoning.
Psychology in the 21st Century: Expert Systems and Medicine.
Judging and Deciding.
10. Intelligence and Intelligence Testing.
What Is Assessment?
Psychology in the 21st Century: Assessment on the World Wide Web.
Theories of Intelligence.
The Politics of Intelligence.
Assessment and Society.
11. Human Development Across the Life Span.
Studying and Explaining Development.
Physical Development Across the Life Span.
Cognitive Development Across the Life Span.
Social Development Across the Life Span.
Psychology in Your Life: How Does Day Care Affect Children's Development.
Learning to Age Successfully.
Psychology in the 21st Century: Genes and Obesity.
Motivation for Personal Achievement.
Psychology in Your Life: Can Psychology Help Find Me a Career?
13. Emotion, Stress, and Health Emotions.
Stress of Living.
Psychology in the 21st Century: Healthy People 2010
Psychology in Your Life: Does Your Personality Affect Your Health.
14. Understanding Human Personality.
Type and Train Personality Theories.
Psychology in Your Life: Why Are Some People Shy?
Social-Learning and Cognitive Theories.
Psychology in the 21st Century: The Self on the Internet.
Comparing Personality Theories.
15. Psychological Disorders.
The Nature of Psychological Disorders.
Classifying Psychological Disorders.
Psychology in Your Life: Is "Insanity" Really a Defense?
Major Types of Psychological Disorders.
Psychology in the 21st Century: Does "Internet Addiction" Exist?
The Stigma of Mental Illness.
16. Therapies for Personal Change.
The Therapeutic Context.
Psychology in Your Life: Are Lives Haunted by Repressed Memories?
Psychology in the 21st Century: Therapy in the Age of Computers.
Does Therapy Work?
17. Social Processes and Relationships.
The Power of the Situation.
Psychology in Your Life: How Do Groups Affect Decision Making?
Constructing Social Reality.
Attitudes, Attitude Change, and Action.
Psychology in the 21st Century: Relationships and the Internet.
18. Social Psychology, Society, and Culture.
Altruism and Prosocial Behavior.
Psychology in the 21st Century: The World Grows Smaller.
The Psychology of Conflict and Peace.
Psychology in Your Life: Why Do People Join Cults?
A Personal Endnote.
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