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Cengage Learning
Psychology for Teaching / Edition 9

Psychology for Teaching / Edition 9

by Guy R. Lefrancois


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780534506797
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 08/02/1996
Series: Education Series
Edition description: Older Edition

About the Author

Guy Lefrançois is the author of leading Thomson Learning textbooks in child and adult development (OF CHILDREN AND THE LIFESPAN), and in Educational Psychology (PSYCHOLOGY FOR TEACHING). He is currently at the University of Alberta.

Table of Contents

Part 1The Beginning
1Psychology for Teaching2
Psychology for Teaching4
Teaching and Your Beliefs5
Models of Learners and Teachers12
A Model of Teaching15
Psychology Applied to Teaching17
Teaching as Decision Making19
Teaching as Problem Solving19
Teaching to Empower Students20
Teaching as a Reflective Activity21
Teaching as a Craft22
Teaching as a Career25
Cultural and Global Diversity28
Main Points30
Applied Questions32
Internet Activity32
Study Terms32
Suggested Readings33
Part 2Development and Teaching
2An Overview of Development36
Concepts in Human Development38
Principles of Human Development40
Moral Development52
Language Development57
Main Points62
Applied Questions64
Internet Activity64
Study Terms64
Suggested Readings65
3Cognitive and Social Development66
Gender Roles68
Personality Development: Erik Erikson74
Cognitive Development78
Piaget's Most Basic Ideas79
Construction of the Intellect: Piaget's Theory83
Educational Implications of Piaget's Theory99
Vygotsky's Cultural/Cognitive Theory103
Educational Implications of Vygotsky's Theory106
Main Points108
Applied Questions110
Internet Activity110
Study Terms110
Suggested Readings111
Part 3Learning and Teaching
4Behaviorism and Social Learning Theory114
Three Approaches to Human Learning119
Pavlov's Classical Conditioning120
Watson's Environmentalism122
Thorndike's Connectionism124
Skinner's Operant Conditioning130
A Summary of Behavioristic Contributions to Instruction145
Beyond Freedom: A Philosophical Discussion148
Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory149
Instructional Implications of Social Cognitive Theory158
Main Points159
Applied Questions161
Internet Activity161
Study Terms161
Suggested Readings162
5Thinking and Remembering164
The Modal Model of Memory169
Processes in Long-Term Memory177
Educational Applications: Teaching for Retrieval179
Main Points196
Applied Questions197
Internet Activity197
Study Terms198
Suggested Readings198
6Cognitive Approaches to Teaching200
Direct Instruction and Constructivism203
Bruner's Theory: Discovery Learning208
Ausubel's Theory: Reception Learning213
Discovery or Reception?219
Some Cognitive Instructional Models and Emphases223
Another Look at Constructivism229
Main Points231
Applied Questions234
Internet Activity234
Study Terms234
Suggested Readings235
7Humanistic Approaches to Teaching236
Humanistic Psychology238
Rogerian Humanistic Theory240
Humanism in the Classroom246
Specific Humanistic Programs in the Classroom251
Some Reactions to Humanistic Education265
Constructivism, Humanism, and the Best Teaching Practices267
Main Points268
Applied Questions269
Internet Activity269
Study Terms270
Suggested Readings270
Part 4Diversity and Teaching
8Intelligence and Creativity274
Some Views and Theories of Intelligence276
Measuring Intelligence285
Some Influences on Intelligence296
Connections Between Creativity and Intelligence305
Main Points310
Applied Questions311
Internet Activity311
Study Terms312
Suggested Readings312
9Learners with Special Needs314
The Talented and the Gifted317
Teaching Those with Disabilities331
Definition and Identification of Exceptionality338
Main Points352
Applied Questions354
Internet Activity354
Study Terms354
Suggested Readings355
10Multicultural Education: Adapting Instruction for Learners356
Adapting Instruction for Diverse Learners367
The Learning Styles Approach371
Programmed Instruction373
Computers in Education377
Other Individualized Instructional Programs389
Attribute -- Treatment Interaction393
Main Points395
Applied Questions397
Internet Activity397
Study Terms397
Suggested Readings398
Part 5More Effective Instruction
11Motivation and Teaching402
Motives: Explanations for Behavior405
Historical Views of Human Motivation406
Magnitude of Motivation: Arousal Theory409
A Behavioristic View of Motivation414
A Humanistic View of Motivation418
Cognitive Views of Motivation422
Classroom Applications of Cognitive Views431
Main Points436
Applied Questions437
Internet Activity437
Study Terms438
Suggested Readings438
12Classroom Management440
Classroom Management and Discipline442
Humanistic Models of Classroom Management448
Democratic Models of Classroom Management454
Behavioristic Models of Classroom Management462
Some Practices for Your Classroom Management Plan475
Main Points480
Applied Questions482
Internet Activity482
Study Terms482
Suggested Readings483
13Instructional Objectives and School Assessments484
Measurement and Evaluation in Schools486
Instructional Goals and Assessment490
Blueprints for Teacher-Made Tests499
Characteristics of a Good Measuring Instrument501
Standardized Tests505
Teacher-Made Tests510
Criterion-Referenced Testing515
Performance-Based Assessments518
Some Legal Issues in Educational Assessment524
Concluding Thoughts on Educational Assessment526
Main Points527
Applied Questions529
Internet Activity529
Study Terms530
Suggested Readings530
Epilogue and a Growing Footnote532

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