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The European Cancer Prevention Organization (ECP) was established in 1981 with the objective of developing studies of the aetiology and preven tion of cancer through concerted-action European collaborative studies. It achieves this through the organization of annual symposia, the organiz ation of workshops on subjects of topical interest and the organization of research projects. The annual symposia have all been on themes of high priority for cancer prevention; namely Tobacco and Cancer (1983), Hormones and Sexual Factors in Human Cancer Aetiology (1984), Diet and Human Carcinogen esis (1985), Concepts and Theories in Carcinogenesis (1986), Causation and Prevention of Colorectal Cancer (1987), Gastric Carcinogenesis (1988), Breast, Ovarian and Endometrial Cancer: Aetiological and Epi demiological Relationships (1989) and Causation and Prevention of Human Cancer (1990). At the time of the 1985 symposium a workshop was organized in conjunction with IUNS to formulate a set of dietary guidelines for the prevention of human cancer. Those guidelines were published inNutrition and Cancer, but since then there has been a massive increase in information on diet and cancer and so it was decided that in 1991 we would again have a symposium and an associated workshop on public education on diet and cancer. The symposium was structured into a number of sections, the first of which included a review of the various sets of published guidelines together with general background papers on dietary carcinogens, anticarcinogens (particularly the vitamins) and the value of animal models in studying diet and human cancer.
Table of ContentsForeword. General Background: 1. Overview of Dietary Recommendations on Diet and Cancer; E. Benito. 2. Carcinogens and Mutagens in the Diet; W.K. Lutz, J. Schlatter. 3. Anticarcinogens/Inhibitors in the Diet; M.J. Hill. 4. Role of Vitamins and Micronutrients; E.B. Thorling. 5. Animal Studies on Diet and Cancer: Are They of Value? A. Maskens. Update Papers: 6. Diet and Colorectal Cancer; J. Faivre. 7. Diet and Breast Cancer; F. de Waard. 8. Diet and Gastric Cancer; P.I. Reed. 9. Fibre and Resistant Starch and Cancer; A.R. Leeds. 10. Public Education on Diet and Cancer: Calories, Weight and Exercise; C. La Vecchia, E. Negri. 11. Dietary Fat and Cancer -- an Update; P.A. Judd. 12. Alcohol and Cancer; S. Franceschi. 13. Are Dietary Recommendations in Coronary Heart Disease and Cancer Prevention Compatible? F. Kok. Mediterranean Diet: 14. Mediterranean Diet, Disease and Nutrition Guidelines; A. Trichopoulous. 15. Mediterranean Diet and Cancer; G. Varela. Considerations When Giving Advice: 16. Ethics of Dietary Advice for Cancer Prevention; A. Giacosa. 17. Risk Assessment: Likely Effect of Dietary Advice on Cancer; H.C.W. de Vet. 18. Final Conclusions; E. Benito, A. Giacosa, M.J. Hill.