ISBN-10:
1608717968
ISBN-13:
2901608717964
Pub. Date:
02/28/2012
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Public Opinion: Democratic Ideals, Democratic Practice / Edition 2

Public Opinion: Democratic Ideals, Democratic Practice / Edition 2

by Rosalee A. Clawson
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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2901608717964
    Publisher: SAGE Publications
    Publication date: 02/28/2012
    Edition description: Second Edition
    Pages: 472
    Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

    About the Author

    Rosalee A. Clawson is professor of political science at Purdue University. Her research focuses on public opinion, mass media and politics, political psychology, and the politics of race, class, and gender. Her work has been published in the American Political Science Review, Public Opinion Quarterly, Political Communication, Journal of Black Studies, and Global Environmental Change. She is the coauthor of Legacy and Legitimacy: Black Americans and the Supreme Court.


    Zoe M. Oxley is professor of political science at Union College. Her research interests include the effects of the media on public opinion, gender and public opinion, women in electoral politics, and political psychology. Her work has been published in the American Political Science Review, Journal of Politics, Political Research Quarterly, Politics & Gender, and PS: Political Science and Politics.

    Table of Contents

    Tables, Figures, and Features xiii

    Preface xvi

    Part I What Should the Role of Citizens Be in a Democratic Society? 1

    1 Public Opinion in a Democracy 3

    Theories of Democracy 4

    What is Public Opinion? 14

    Defining Key Concepts 17

    Empirical Assessments of Public Opinion 22

    Themes of the Book 23

    Key Concepts 25

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 25

    Appendix. Studying Public Opinion Empirically 27

    Public Opinion Surveys 27

    Experiments 32

    Interviews 35

    Focus Groups 36

    Content Analysis 37

    Conclusion 38

    Key Concepts 39

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 39

    Part II Are Citizens Pliable? 41

    2 Political Socialization 43

    Childhood Socialization 45

    Parental Transmission of Political Attitudes 49

    Political Events and Socialization 57

    Genetic Inheritance of Political Attitudes 61

    Conclusion 64

    Key Concepts 66

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 67

    3 Mass Media 69

    What Should Citizens Expect from the Mass Media in a Democracy? 72

    What General Characteristics of the Mass Media Shape News Coverage? 73

    What Specific Characteristics of the News Media Shape the Reporting of Political Events? 81

    Are Citizens Affected by the Mass Media? 85

    Conclusion 98

    Key Concepts 99

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 99

    4 Attitude Stability and Attitude Change 101

    Are Americans' Attitudes Stable? 102

    Collective Attitude Stability 105

    Presidential Approval 109

    Psychological Approaches to Attitudes 112

    Conclusion 127

    Key Concepts 129

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 129

    Part III Do Citizens Organize Their Political Thinking? 131

    5 Ideological Innocence and Critiques 133

    Converse's Claim: Ideological Innocence 135

    Critiques of Converse 141

    Related Evidence? 156

    Conclusion 158

    Key Concepts 160

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 160

    6 Pluralistic Roots of Public Opinion: Personality, Self-interest, Values, and History 162

    Personality 163

    Self-Interest 173

    Values 176

    Historical Events 179

    Conclusion 182

    Key Concepts 183

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 183

    7 Pluralistic Roots of Public Opinion: The Central Role of Groups 185

    Party Identification 186

    Race and Public Opinion 189

    Gender and Public Opinion 203

    Conclusion 206

    Key Concepts 207

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 207

    Part IV Do Citizens Endorse and Demonstrate Democratic Basics? 209

    8 Knowledge, Interest, and Attention to Politics 211

    How Knowledgeable, Interested, and Attentive Should Citizens Be in a Democracy? 212

    Are Citizens Knowledgeable about Politics? 214

    Measuring Political Knowledge 221

    Why Are Some Citizens More Knowledgeable than Others? 228

    What Are the Consequences of Political Knowledge? 233

    Are Citizens Interested in and Attentive to Politics? 234

    Conclusion 237

    Key Concepts 239

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 239

    9 Support for Civil Liberties 241

    Are Americans Tolerant? 244

    Sources of Tolerant Attitudes 253

    Contextual Influences on Tolerance Judgments 255

    Are Elites More Tolerant? 259

    Civil Liberties Post-9/11 262

    Conclusion 267

    Key Concepts 270

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 270

    10 Support for Civil Rights 273

    Public Opinion and Presidential Candidates 275

    Support for Civil Rights Policies 284

    Conclusion 297

    Key Concepts 299

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 299

    Part V What Is the Relationship between Citizens and Their Government? 301

    11 Trust in Government, Support for Institutions, and Social Capital 303

    Trust in Government 305

    Support for Institutions 319

    Social Capital 325

    Conclusion 333

    Key Concepts 334

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 334

    12 Impact of Public Opinion on Policy 337

    Should Public Opinion Influence Policy? 340

    Is Public Opinion Related to Policy? 341

    Do Politicians Follow or Lead the Public? 349

    Public Opinion and Foreign Policy 357

    Conclusion 363

    Key Concepts 364

    Suggested Sources for Further Reading 364

    Part VI What Do We Make of Public Opinion in a Democracy? 367

    13 Conclusion 369

    What Should the Role of Citizens Be in a Democratic Society? 369

    Are Citizens Pliable? 370

    Do Citizens Organize Their Political Thinking? 371

    Do Citizens Endorse and Demonstrate Democratic Basics? 372

    What Is the Relationship between Citizens and Their Government? 373

    What Do We Make of Public Opinion in a Democracy? 374

    Notes 375

    Glossary 413

    Index 429

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