Despite being one of the most influential forms of Japanese Buddhism, the Pure Land tradition, and notably its impact on the development of Japanese cultural history, has often been overlooked outside Japan. Taking into account recent scholarship on orientalism and occidentalism, this book, written from the perspective of the Study of Religions, provides an analysis of the impact that the Pure Land tradition, in particular Shin Buddhism, has exerted on mainstream forms of artistic expression (especially creative arts, literature and the tea ceremony) in modern and contemporary Japan.
About the Author
Elisabetta Porcu, Ph.D. (Religious Studies). She is currently a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Area Studies, University of Leipzig. Her main research interests are Japanese religions, media and culture, and Pure Land Buddhism.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1Structure of the Book 19Chapter One Creating Images of Japanese Buddhism and Culture 23Japanese Buddhism and Culture at the World’sParliament of Religions 23Okakura Kakuzō’s English Writings and CulturalNationalism 32Representations of Japan and Japanese Buddhism during World War II 40Suzuki Daisetsu and his Legacy 54Suzuki Daisetsu in the Shin Buddhist context 66Shin Buddhism from the Viewpoint of the Kyoto School 76Chapter Two Jōdo Shinshū and Literature 89Everyday Life in a Jōdo Shinshū Temple: Niwa Fumio’sThe Buddha Tree 96Jōdo Shinshū in the Narrative Writing of NatsumeSōseki 104A young poetess and Jōdo Shinshū: Kaneko Misuzu 115Itsuki Hiroyuki: A Best-Selling Writer and Jōdo Shinshū 124Literary Reflections on Personal Experiences within Jōdo Shinshū 131Harold H. Stewart’s By the Old Walls of Kyoto 32The Theme of Death from the Perspective of JōdoShinshū: Aoki Shinmon’s Coffi nman: The Journal ofa Buddhist Mortician 137Chapter Three Pure Land Buddhism and Creative Arts 143Aesthetics and Religion in Yanagi Muneyoshi 143Yanagi and Cultural Nationalism 159Th e Woodblock Artist Munakata Shikō and Tariki 163Representations of the Pure Land in Contemporary Visual Arts 173Recent Trends in Contemporary Japanese Visual Arts: Mori Mariko’s Pure Land 177Chapter Four Pure Land Buddhism and the Tea Ceremony 183Images of Chanoyu 183Pure Land Buddhism in the Tradition of Chanoyu 192A Connection between the Honganji-ha and Chanoyu: the Yabunouchi School of Tea 197Traditional Culture in a Jōdo Shinshū Temple: Chanoyu at an Ōtani-ha Temple 216Conclusions 223Glossary 233Abbreviations 241Bibliography 243Index