Augustine famously claimed that the virtues of pagan Rome were nothing more than splendid vices. This critique reinvented itself as a suspicion of acquired virtue as such, and true Christian virtue has, ever since, been set against a false, hypocritical virtue alleged merely to conceal pride. Putting On Virtue reveals how a distrust of learned and habituated virtue shaped both early modern Christian moral reflection and secular forms of ethical thought.
Jennifer Herdt develops her claims through an argument of broad historical sweep, which brings together the Aristotelian tradition as taken up by Thomas Aquinas with the early modern thinkers who shaped modern liberalism. In chapters on Luther, Bunyan, the Jansenists, Mandeville, Hume, Rousseau, and Kant, she argues that efforts to make a radical distinction between true Christian virtue and its tainted imitations actually created an autonomous natural ethics separate from Christianity. This secular value system valorized pride and authenticity, while rendering graced human agency less meaningful. Ultimately, Putting On Virtue traces a path from suspicion of virtue to its secular inversion, from confession of dependence to assertion of independence.
|Publisher:||University of Chicago Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)|
About the Author
Jennifer A. Herdt is the Stark Professor of Christian Ethics at Yale University.
Table of Contents
Part I: Splendid Vices and Imperfect Virtues
1 Aristotle and the Puzzles of Habituation
2 Augustine: Disordered Loves and the Problem of Pride
3 Aquinas: Making Space for Pagan Virtue
Part II: Mimetic Virtue
4 Erasmus: Putting On Christ
5 The Jesuit Theatrical Tradition: Acting Virtuous
Part III: The Exodus from Virtue
6 Luther: Saved Hypocrites
7 Bunyan and Puritan Life-Writing: The Virtue of Self-Examination
Part IV: The Anatomy of Virtue
8 Jesuits and Jansenists: Gracián and Pascal
9 Emancipating Worldly Virtue: Nicole, La Rochefoucauld, and Mandeville
Part V: Pagan Virtue and Modern Moral Philosophy
10 Rousseau and the Virtue of Authenticity
11 Hume and the Bourgeois Rehabilitation of Pride
12 Kant and the Pursuit of Noumenal Purity