ISBN-10:
0030312345
ISBN-13:
2900030312341
Pub. Date:
01/02/1990
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Qualitative Analysis and the Properties of the Ions in Aqueous Solutions / Edition 1

Qualitative Analysis and the Properties of the Ions in Aqueous Solutions / Edition 1

by Emil J. Slowinski
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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2900030312341
    Publisher: Cengage Learning
    Publication date: 01/02/1990
    Series: Saunders Golden Sunburst Series
    Edition description: 2nd ed
    Pages: 200
    Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

    About the Author


    William L. Masterton received his PhD in physical chemistry from the University of Illinois in 1953. Two years later he began to work at the University of Connecticut, where he taught general chemistry and a graduate course in chemical thermodynamics. He has received numerous teaching awards, including an award from the Student Senate at the University of Connecticut, of which he was most proud. Dr. Masterton is co-author of the all-time best-selling general chemistry textbook CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES, which has sold well over 1.5 million copies. Dr. Masterton's field of research, solution thermodynamics, prepared him well for making maple syrup each March at the family farmhouse in New Hampshire.

    Table of Contents

    The Theory and Practice of Qualitative Analysis
    1(21)
    The General Method in Qualitative Analysis
    2(2)
    The Law of Chemical Equilibrium
    4(1)
    Precipitation Reactions
    5(4)
    Acid--Base Reactions
    9(7)
    Complex Ion Formation---Amphoterism
    16(3)
    Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
    19(3)
    Laboratory Procedures
    22(8)
    Equipment Used in Semimicro Analysis
    22(1)
    Common Laboratory Operations
    23(4)
    Safety in the Laboratory
    27(1)
    Disposal of Reaction Products
    28(1)
    General Suggestions
    28(2)
    The Cations
    30(73)
    A Brief Introduction
    30(2)
    The Properties of the Cations in Group l---Ag+, Pb2+, Hg2 2+
    32(1)
    Silver, Ag+
    32(1)
    Lead, Pb2+
    33(2)
    Mercury (I), Hg2 2+
    35(2)
    Analysis of the Group I Cations
    37(1)
    General Discussion
    37(1)
    Procedure for Analysis
    38(6)
    The Properties of the Cations in Group II---Cu2+, Bi3+, Hg2+, Cd2+, (Pb2+), Sn2+ and Sn4+, Sb3+, and Sb5+
    44(1)
    Copper, Cu2+
    44(1)
    Bismuth, Bi3+
    45(2)
    Mercury (II), Hg2+
    47(1)
    Cadmium, Cd2+
    47(1)
    Tin, Sn2+ and Sn4+
    48(1)
    Antimony, Sb3+ and Sb5+
    49(2)
    Analysis of the Group II Cations
    51(1)
    General Discussion
    51(1)
    Procedure for Analysis
    52(13)
    The Properties of the Cations in Group III---Fe2+ and Fe3+, Al3+, Zn2+, Mn2+, Cr3+, Co2+, Ni2+
    65(1)
    Iron, Fe2+ and Fe3+
    65(1)
    Aluminum, Al3+
    66(1)
    Zinc, Zn2+
    67(1)
    Manganese, Mn2+
    68(2)
    Chromium, Al3+
    70(1)
    Cobalt, Co2+
    71(2)
    Nickel, Ni2+
    73(2)
    Analysis of the Group III Cations
    75(1)
    General Discussion
    75(1)
    Procedure for Analysis
    76(11)
    The Properties of the Cations in Group IV---Ba2+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, NH4 +
    87(1)
    Barium, Ba2+
    87(1)
    Calcium, Ca2+
    88(1)
    Magnesium, Mg2+
    89(1)
    Ammonium, NH4+
    90(1)
    Sodium, Na+
    91(1)
    Potassium, K+
    91(2)
    Analysis of the Group IV Cations
    93(1)
    General Discussion
    93(1)
    Procedure for Analysis
    94(9)
    The Anions
    103(43)
    A Brief Introduction
    103(9)
    Preliminary Tests for Analysis of Anions---CO3 2-, CrO4 2-, PO4 3-, SO3 2-, CI-, Br-, SCN-, S2-, NO3-, NO2-, CIO3-, C2H3O2-
    105(7)
    The Properties of the Anions in the Sulfate Group---CO3 2-, SO4 2-, CrO4 2-, PO4 3-, C2O4 2-, SO3 2-
    112(1)
    Carbonate, CO3 2-
    112(1)
    Sulfate, SO4 2-
    113(1)
    Chromate, CrO4 2-
    114(1)
    Phosphate, PO4 3-
    115(1)
    Sulfite, SO3 2-
    116(1)
    Oxalate, C2O4 2-
    117(7)
    Procedure for Analysis of Anions in the Sulfate Group
    118(6)
    The Properties of the Anions in the Chloride Group---CI-, Br-, I-, SCN-, S2-
    124(1)
    Chloride, Cl-
    124(1)
    Bromide, Br-
    125(1)
    Iodide, I-
    126(1)
    Thiocyanate, SCN-
    127(1)
    Sulfide, I-
    128(8)
    Procedure for Analysis of Anions in the Chloride Group
    129(7)
    The Properties of the Anions in the Nitrate Group---NO3-, NO2-, C2H3O2-, CIO3-
    136(1)
    Nitrate, NO3-
    136(1)
    Nitrite, NO2-
    137(1)
    Chlorate, CIO3-
    138(1)
    Acetate, C2H3O2-
    139(7)
    Procedure for Analysis of Anions in the Nitrate Group
    141(5)
    Identification of a Pure Ionic Compound
    146(37)
    Introduction
    146(3)
    Procedure for Analysis
    149(8)
    Appendix I
    Some Anion--Anion Reactions
    157(1)
    Some Stable Complex Ions
    Appendix II
    Summary of Solubility Properties of Ions and Solids
    158(3)
    Appendix III
    Answers to Problems
    161(13)
    Appendix IV
    Preparation of Reagents
    174(4)
    Appendix V
    Disposal of Chemical Wastes
    178(5)
    Index 183

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