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## Overview

In *Quantum Engine,* Zoltan J. Kiss builds upon the revolutionary ideas he introduced in his previous books, *Energy Balance of Relativity* and *Quantum Energy and Mass Balance,* and provides a blueprint for solving Earth's energy crisis. In this, his third book, Kiss takes the discussion of quantum energy and mass-energy balance to its logical conclusion-the quantum engine.

Kiss's calculations prove that acceleration generates electricity. This energy comes from the transformation of blue-shift energy into electron flow. The quantum impact of Earth's gravitation on the speeding particles results in the generation of an electron surplus, a source of electricity.

Kiss's groundbreaking original research demonstrates that this mass-energy balance approach is the key to unlocking Earth's energy future. The transformation of mass into energy and the retransformation of energy into mass can produce a limitless supply of energy via the quantum engine-our future source of energy.

## Product Details

ISBN-13: | 9781426957826 |
---|---|

Publisher: | Trafford Publishing |

Publication date: | 03/28/2011 |

Pages: | 160 |

Product dimensions: | 7.50(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.34(d) |

## First Chapter

#### Quantum Engine

**By Zoltan J. Kiss**

** Trafford Publishing **

**Copyright © 2011**

**Zoltan J. Kiss**

All right reserved.

All right reserved.

**ISBN: 978-1-4269-5782-6**

#### Chapter One

**SUMMARY of Book 1 and Book 2**

Energy Balance of Relativity and Quantum Energy and Mass Balance

Part 1 Time relations of *systems of reference* in motion

** 1.1 Motion with constant speed**

In order to characterise the motion with *v=const*, we have to take a universal event and assess the impact of the motion on the description of the event. This universal event is a *light beam* across a system of reference in motion with *v=const*.

Two systems of reference are taken: *SORto* is supposed to be a stationary one, *SORtv* is supposed to be in motion with speed *v=const* relative to *SORto* in direction, parallel with increasing axis *yo*. The speed of *SORtv* in direction, parallel to *xo* is *zero*. Both are understood as three-dimensional systems. For the simplicity of the projection we picture only two coordinates of the systems. They are respectively *xo-yo* and *x-y*.

The light signal enters *SORtv* at the spot, marked by *e(1)* at *y*, and crosses the system of reference not changing its direction. This direction is a straight line, parallel with axis *xo*, as observed within *SORto*. While the light beam crosses the systems, *SORtv* moves upward in direction *yo* with speed *v=const* and makes a path of Δ*yo* within *SORto*. As the result of this motion, axis *x(1)* moves upward and takes position *x(2)*. This means that the spot of the access of the light signal *SORtv* moves together with the system upward into position *e(2)*.

We are looking for the description of this event within *SORtv*.

The light beam exits *SORtv* at distance of Δ*xo* = *c*Δ*to*.

The description of the light beam within *SORtv*, the direction, which would be observed within *SORtv* is a straight line *e(2) - e(exit)* declined under a certain angle to axis *x*, as it shown in Fig.1.1.

While the event is one and the same, its appearances in these two systems of reference are different:

in *SORto*, the observed trajectory is parallel with *xo*;

in *SORtv*, which is in motion, the observed trajectory is also a straight line, *but declined* on a certain angle to axis *x*.

(We may observe these trajectories, or we may not. We may be aware of the existence of any other system/s of reference, different to the one within which we may make our observations, or we may not. *Therefore*, it is better to use a word *description* for the characterisation of the event.)

We suppose that the light beam enters *SORtv* at time moment *t _{o}* = 0, measured in

*SORto*and τ

_{v}= 0, measured in

*SORtv.*The descriptions of the event in the two systems of reference are different.

The length of the path of the light beam in *SORto*, is: Δ*x _{o}* =

*c*Δ

*t*or

_{o}*dx*1A1 The description (or observation, if any) of the same event within

_{o}= cdt_{o}*SORtv*is:

*L = c*τ_{v} 1A2

τ_{v} is the time period while the light beam crosses *SORtv*: τ_{v} =Δτ_{v} = τ_{v} - 0

The length of the path *SORtv* makes within *SORto* in direction *yo*, while the light beam crosses *SORtv* is the distance between spots *e(2)* and *e(1)* measured within *SORto*:

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1A3

The distance, *SORtv* makes, measured within *SORtv*

for Δτ_{v} = τ_{v} - 0, the duration of the event, also measured within *SORtv* is:

Δ*y* = *v*Δτ_{v} 1A4

*Function* for *SORtv* that satisfies these three (1A2, 1A3, 1A4) conditions is

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]; or [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII];

Speed is reciprocal, therefore: [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

and

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

There are 2 variants for use:

1A5 variant (1): [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]; and consequently [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII];

1A6 variant (2): [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]; and consequently [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII];

*We must come to the same formula as result of the deduced time relations for the systems of reference in relative motion with v=const!*

The length of a curve in general, expressed by the coordinates in 1A4, is:

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

Variant (1):

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and results in

1A7 [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [Variant (2): does not work!]

*The motion speeds up the time flow. It flows faster within a system of reference in motion with v=const.*

The question is: what is the result when the direction of the light beam (LB) is free?

The description of the event in *SORto* is: *LB = c*Δ*t _{o}*

First we have to examine what kind of vector components relative to *xo* and *yo* the light beam may have, if α is the angle of the direction of the light signal relative to axis *x* and *xo.* Once we know the vector components relative to *xo* and *yo*, we are able to determine the impact of the motion of *SORtv* on the *description* of the event, the propagation of the light signal.

Can *LB·* sin α and *LB·*cosα be the vector components of the description of the light beam in *SORto* relative to axis *xo* and *yo* respectively? The answer is, obviously, *No*! Why?

Because

*LB·* sin α < Δ*x _{o} if* α [not equal to]

*90*° and

*LB·*cos α < Δ

*y*α [not equal to]

_{o}if*0*°

The vector components of the light beam must be equal to the light beam vector itself, otherwise either would be *c [not equal to] const*, or Δ*to [not equal to]* Δ*to*.

*LB = [c*Δ*t _{o}* = Δ

*x*=Δ

_{o}*y*1A8

_{o} *The description of events in systems of reference in motion is independent of the direction of the light signal. It brings the fundamental consequence: the time relations are independent of the direction of the motion of the system of reference.*

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1A9

**1.2 Proof of time relations in Part 1.1, using Einstein's methodology** - with the measurement of space coordinates

* System K is a stationary system, with coordinates *x, y* and *z*; the time measurement within the system is *t*;

* System *k*, with space coordinates ξ, η and ζ is in motion with velocity *v=const* relative to system *K*, in direction, parallel to the increasing *x*;

This is not about evaluation *of an event* — but description of space coordinates.

In line with the transformation equations, we have to take into account the reciprocal character of the motion:

1B1 [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

The meaning of both in fact is the same. Their mathematical descriptions however are clearly different. The use of "+" (positive) and the "-" (negative) signs depends on our free choice on the selection of the direction of the motion. We can write also write them as:

1B2 [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

The equations are correct and their physical meaning is without change. We are going to bring them to a general meaning which excludes the significance of signs "+" and "-".

Summarising the left and right sides of 1B1 or 1B2: [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]; 1B3

Summarising the τ_{(rel.m)} /*t* and the *t*_{(rel.m)} /τ parts of 1B1 and 1B2:

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1B4

The time relations for both systems involved are one and the same:

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1B5

For Δ*t = t* - 0 = *t*

and Δτ = τ - 0 = τ time periods:

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1B6

**1.3.** P. **Proof of time relations in Part 1.1, using Einstein's methodology** 1.3 - with the use of systems of reference taken in rotation

In a space which is free of gravitational fields, we are taking two systems of reference in Fig.1.4, as in *Einstein's* classical example of his paper on "The foundation of the general theory of relativity" of 1916: a Galilean system of reference *Ko* and also *K*, a system of reference in uniform rotation relative to *Ko*. The origin '*o*' of both systems and their axes of *zo* and *z* permanently coincide.

We will show that, while space coordinates and time measurement cannot indeed be *projected* in conventional way, the main concern is not about the tools of projection rather the approach used.

Independently of whether a stationary system like *Ko* does exist at all, or does not, the rotation is *not uniform*. The values of the angular speed of the rotation of *K*, measured within *Ko* and measured within *K* itself are different.

Why?

Because *v*, the relative speed between the coordinates or positions of the two systems of reference in relative motion must be reciprocal. But *R*, the measured distance of a radius of and in the system of reference in motion at peripheral speed v of the rotating *K* differs from that of *Ro*, of the same rotation of *K*, but measured within *Ko*, the stationary system of reference.

The angular speed of the position or the coordinate with peripheral speed *v*, of the rotation of *K* measured in *K* is

ω_{R} = v/ *R* while the angular speed, measured in *Ko* is ω_{ o} = v/ *R _{o}* and ω

_{R}[not equal to] ω

_{o}

The reciprocal character of the motion shall be taken into account. Without energy considerations of any kind, there is no reason to consider *a priori* one of the systems as *stationary* and the other as in motion, while both are equal parts of the same relation.

From the transformation equation:

1C1 [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

The angular speed at this circumference of radius *R* is:

1C2 ω_{R} = 2Π/Δ*t _{R}* and [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

(*R* is measured within *K*, the system of reference in rotation at position or coordinate of mass point with peripheral speed *v;* ω_{R} is the angular speed of the rotation at this radius, measured within the system of reference in rotation; Δ*to* is the period of time measured in *Ko*, the stationary system of reference, during the system of reference at a circumference with speed *v* of *K* makes a full spin.)

The meaning of the formula is: This is the position of the system of reference of a mass point in motion, which completes a full cycle in rotation for time period Δ*t*. It is measured in the system of reference in motion at *distance R* from the centre of rotation.

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and since [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] it is equal to

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1C3

Since the peripheral speed at radius *R* of the rotating system of reference is *v* = ω_{ R}* R*

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] which is equal to [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1C4

it gives the time relation of systems of reference in relative motion

Since: [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

The meaning of 1C4 is fundamental:

* The motion speeds up the time flow. *It proves, contrary to Einstein's time formula that the time flows faster in systems of reference in motion!* The strength of this deduction is that only the transformation equations and the tools of Euclidian geometry were used.

* It gives the meaning of time: *no motion (no event) = time can not be defined:*

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1C5

It allows *R* = 0, but ω*R* [not equal to]! If ω*R* = 0 it has no meaning. Consequently, time parameters can only be defined if motion (event) is present.

With reference to the time relation: [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], but [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and 1C6

the radius is:

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1C7

measured in the system of reference in motion

Meaning: *motion speed up the time flow and expands the space!*

**1.4 Resolution of Einstein's time paradox**

The *time paradox* is the reciprocal time relation of two systems of reference, relative motion to each other with constant speed. There is no way to decide which system is in motion relative to the other, the time system of which is in time delay relative to the other.

The description of the relation of the two systems shall take this fact into account.

*Lorentz'* transformation, the classical description of the event is:

1D1 [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]; and [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII];

The original relation of the two systems:

*the EVENT, subject of the assessment happens while ξ, τ makes distance ξ Einstein's* interpretation however represents the following case:

SoR of *x,t* is moving away from SoR of ξ, τ with *v = c*

*x = v*Δ*t* the *EVENT* or space coordinate gives [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

The motion is reciprocal, but ξ = 0 means in this case that SoR of ξ, τ is taken as stationary! xxxx System of reference (SoR) of ξ, τ is in motion within *x,t* with speed *v. *

* Einstein* had made a note about the reciprocal character in his assessment, but there is no reference to this fact in his formulas.

Instead He substitutes in the formula

*x = v* Δ*t instead of x = c*Δ*t*, as measured event or subject.

This is rather strange, because *x = c*Δ*t* would be the end of the measured event or coordinate within the system of reference of *x,t*. The case, with this particular substitution becomes like this:

*the EVENT, subject of the assessment disappears*

And the solutions gives the result as:

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1D2

which is convergent with all relevant equations, the Doppler formula and the Minkovsky's space-time interval indeed, BUT there is NO EVENT in System of Reference of ξ,τ to count with.

*Einstein's* solution represents the case on the left hand side: event *x* within the System of Reference of *x,t* in motion with *v = c*.

If SoR of ξ,τ taken as stationary,

[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]; and [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1D3

which has in this case only theoretical meaning since [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (as should be because *v = c*)

*(Continues...)*

Excerpted fromQuantum EnginebyZoltan J. KissCopyright © 2011 by Zoltan J. Kiss. Excerpted by permission of Trafford Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.

Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

## Table of Contents

#### Contents

I Summary of Book 1 and Book 2....................1P.1 Time relations of systems of reference in motion....................2

P.2 Change of the mass status is the key — drive of time What is the work, necessary for the acceleration of mass system of reference?....................19

P.3 Energy quantum is the non-mass status of the matter in transformation....................24

P.4 Sphere symmetrical expanding acceleration for infinite time....................26

P.5 Sphere symmetrical accelerating collapse....................32

P.6 Energy Quantum....................33

P.7 Particles are the processes of mass-energy transformation....................36

II Quantum Engine....................47

S.24 Elementary processes....................48

S.25 Quarks — transformation again....................59

S.26 Acceleration effect of rotation....................78

S.27 Rotating Disc Quantum Device....................90

S.28 Intensity reserve: Energy Quantum....................105

S.29 Speeding up results in quantum communication....................120

S.30 Electron flow generation....................131

S.31 Rotating Disc Experiments....................136